Avionics News February 2012 - 72

RUNWAY INCURSIONS
Continued from page 71

Where Can the Mechanics Be Found? The vast majority of mechanics can be found performing maintenance and other related tasks in the hangars. There are a few mechanics selected to work next to the terminal buildings on the ramp or apron servicing aircraft. Regardless of where the mechanics work, they rarely venture into the movement area. However, it is that rare entry into the movement area that poses a challenge for the mechanics, as well as air traffic controllers and pilots. During the course of their shift, mechanics may be required to reposition an aircraft before or after maintenance. The repositioning of aircraft is usually accomplished by either taxiing or towing and may require the mechanics to enter the movement area. Between FY2001 and 2004, mechanics were involved in approximately 163 surface incidents/runway incursions (see Figure 2). Between FY2005 and 2009, there were 162 surface incidents/runway incursions involving mechanics (see Figure 3). After analyzing the incident reports, it was found that the mechanics did not have any problem with communications, or communicating with air traffic. As a matter of fact, air traffic reported mechanics had acknowledged the taxi/tow instructions and read the instructions back correctly; however, they still proceeded into the movement area, crossed active runways and entered active taxiways without proper authorization or clearance.

Figure 3. Surface incidents/runway incursions involving mechanics taxiing or towing aircraft and driving tugs into the movement area by fiscal year (FY)

Navigating Around the Airport Most towered airports have markings, signs and lights designed to assist you in navigating around the airfield. Runways are identified by the wide, white-painted edge lines and white-painted dashed centerline. Taxiways are marked with double yellow-painted edge lines and a yellowpainted solid centerline. Remember, the yellow taxiway centerlines may lead on, lead off a runway. During low visibility or night operations, the runways, in addition to the white-painted markings, have white lights along the edge, centerline and touchdown zone. However, it should be noted that on instrument runways, the last 2,000 feet will have yellow edge lights. The taxiways are illuminated with blue edge lights (or reflectors) and green centerline lights (or reflectors). Mechanics need to know that when these markings, signs and lights are missed or ignored, the opportunity for errors increases. Guidance on how to operate safely in the airport environment is critical. What Can Be Done? The Office of Runway Safety & Operational Services offers the following recommendations: 1. The FAA aviation maintenance technician schools, in addition to teaching their students how to taxi aircraft, should teach airfield markings, signs and lights and basic airport layout. The aviation maintenance technician school is responsible for teach-

Figure 2. Surface incidents/runway incursions involving mechanics taxiing or towing aircraft and driving tugs into the movement area by fiscal year (FY)

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Avionics News February 2012

Point of Communication
AEA Now
The View From Washington
International News and Regulatory Updates
Help for See-and-Avoid Aviating
Member Profile
Demonstrated Ability
Before & After
Retrofitting for RNP
A Conversation With...
What Will Economic Recovery Look Like?
Meet the AEA Staff
Member Profile
Look Mom, No Hands!
Business Basics
Pro-to-col
Theory & Practice
Special Report
What's New
Marketplace Classifies
Avionics News February 2012 - Cover1
Avionics News February 2012 - Cover2
Avionics News February 2012 - 1
Avionics News February 2012 - 2
Avionics News February 2012 - 3
Avionics News February 2012 - Point of Communication
Avionics News February 2012 - 5
Avionics News February 2012 - AEA Now
Avionics News February 2012 - 7
Avionics News February 2012 - 8
Avionics News February 2012 - 9
Avionics News February 2012 - 10
Avionics News February 2012 - 11
Avionics News February 2012 - 12
Avionics News February 2012 - 13
Avionics News February 2012 - 14
Avionics News February 2012 - 15
Avionics News February 2012 - The View From Washington
Avionics News February 2012 - 17
Avionics News February 2012 - International News and Regulatory Updates
Avionics News February 2012 - 19
Avionics News February 2012 - Help for See-and-Avoid Aviating
Avionics News February 2012 - 21
Avionics News February 2012 - 22
Avionics News February 2012 - 23
Avionics News February 2012 - 24
Avionics News February 2012 - 25
Avionics News February 2012 - Member Profile
Avionics News February 2012 - 27
Avionics News February 2012 - 28
Avionics News February 2012 - 29
Avionics News February 2012 - Demonstrated Ability
Avionics News February 2012 - 31
Avionics News February 2012 - 32
Avionics News February 2012 - 33
Avionics News February 2012 - Before & After
Avionics News February 2012 - 35
Avionics News February 2012 - Retrofitting for RNP
Avionics News February 2012 - 37
Avionics News February 2012 - 38
Avionics News February 2012 - 39
Avionics News February 2012 - A Conversation With...
Avionics News February 2012 - 41
Avionics News February 2012 - What Will Economic Recovery Look Like?
Avionics News February 2012 - 43
Avionics News February 2012 - 44
Avionics News February 2012 - 45
Avionics News February 2012 - 46
Avionics News February 2012 - 47
Avionics News February 2012 - Meet the AEA Staff
Avionics News February 2012 - 49
Avionics News February 2012 - 50
Avionics News February 2012 - 51
Avionics News February 2012 - Member Profile
Avionics News February 2012 - 53
Avionics News February 2012 - 54
Avionics News February 2012 - 55
Avionics News February 2012 - Look Mom, No Hands!
Avionics News February 2012 - 57
Avionics News February 2012 - 58
Avionics News February 2012 - 59
Avionics News February 2012 - Business Basics
Avionics News February 2012 - 61
Avionics News February 2012 - 62
Avionics News February 2012 - 63
Avionics News February 2012 - Pro-to-col
Avionics News February 2012 - 65
Avionics News February 2012 - 66
Avionics News February 2012 - 67
Avionics News February 2012 - Theory & Practice
Avionics News February 2012 - 69
Avionics News February 2012 - Special Report
Avionics News February 2012 - 71
Avionics News February 2012 - 72
Avionics News February 2012 - 73
Avionics News February 2012 - What's New
Avionics News February 2012 - 75
Avionics News February 2012 - 76
Avionics News February 2012 - 77
Avionics News February 2012 - Marketplace Classifies
Avionics News February 2012 - 79
Avionics News February 2012 - 80
Avionics News February 2012 - Cover3
Avionics News February 2012 - Cover4
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