Avionics News September 2014 - 54

LEGAL EASE

Continued from page 53

officers are required to be paid overtime. The administrator's
interpretation withdrawing the 2006 opinion letter was issued
without notice and comment, and the Mortgage Bankers
Association objected. On appeal from the trial court, the DC
Circuit relied on the Alaska Hunters doctrine to hold that the
Department of Labor's 2010 administrator's interpretation was
invalid, because it had not gone through the proper notice and
comment rulemaking process. That decision is now before the
Supreme Court.
There appears to be a real possibility the Supreme Court
could reverse the DC Circuit's decision in Mortgage Bankers,
which could invalidate the Alaska Hunters doctrine. There
are at least two reasons for this. First, to hold that interpretive
rules are not required to undergo the formal notice and comment rulemaking procedures demanded by the APA would be
consistent with the plain language of section 553(b). Second,
it would be consistent with the Supreme Court's own precedent, which has held that a court cannot require an agency to
go above and beyond what is required by statute in promul-

gating a rule. Further, at a recent administrative law panel, a
highly regarded administrative law professor suggested that he
did not see any way the Supreme Court could avoid overturning the decision in Mortgage Bankers while remaining consistent with precedent and the plain language of the statute.
An issue of key concern will be whether interpretive rules
exclusion from notice and comment rulemaking applies only
to an agency's first effort to interpret regulations, or whether
any and all interpretations are exempt from notice and comment rulemaking. The former scenario is the law as it stands
today in the DC Circuit. An agency may issue an initial
interpretive ruling without notice and comment, but once the
agency has established what the rule is, it cannot change that
rule without following the steps outlined in the APA. This is
helpful to industry because it provides predictability.
Under such a ruling, the outcome of a case like Alaska
Hunters, in which an interpretation was issued and subsequently changed years later, would not be any different. The
first interpretation could be issued without following procedure, but subsequent changes would require notice and com-

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avionics news

*

september

2014

Continued on page 56


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Avionics News September 2014

Point of Communication
AEA Now
The View from Washington
International News and Regulatory Updates
Software Management
Member Profile
Keeping a business in the family
Are digital avionics secure?
A Conversation With...
Meet the AEA board of directors
Before & After
The Autonomous Navigation Systems AET Endorsement
Aviation Aces
Legal Ease
Business Basics
Member Profile
AEA members unveil new ADS-B solutions at AirVenture
What's New
Marketplace Classifieds
Avionics News September 2014 - Intro
Avionics News September 2014 - Cover1
Avionics News September 2014 - Cover2
Avionics News September 2014 - 1
Avionics News September 2014 - 2
Avionics News September 2014 - 3
Avionics News September 2014 - Point of Communication
Avionics News September 2014 - 5
Avionics News September 2014 - AEA Now
Avionics News September 2014 - 7
Avionics News September 2014 - 8
Avionics News September 2014 - 9
Avionics News September 2014 - 10
Avionics News September 2014 - 11
Avionics News September 2014 - 12
Avionics News September 2014 - 13
Avionics News September 2014 - The View from Washington
Avionics News September 2014 - 15
Avionics News September 2014 - International News and Regulatory Updates
Avionics News September 2014 - 17
Avionics News September 2014 - 18
Avionics News September 2014 - 19
Avionics News September 2014 - Software Management
Avionics News September 2014 - 21
Avionics News September 2014 - 22
Avionics News September 2014 - 23
Avionics News September 2014 - Member Profile
Avionics News September 2014 - 25
Avionics News September 2014 - 26
Avionics News September 2014 - 27
Avionics News September 2014 - Keeping a business in the family
Avionics News September 2014 - 29
Avionics News September 2014 - 30
Avionics News September 2014 - 31
Avionics News September 2014 - 32
Avionics News September 2014 - 33
Avionics News September 2014 - Are digital avionics secure?
Avionics News September 2014 - 35
Avionics News September 2014 - 36
Avionics News September 2014 - 37
Avionics News September 2014 - A Conversation With...
Avionics News September 2014 - 39
Avionics News September 2014 - Meet the AEA board of directors
Avionics News September 2014 - 41
Avionics News September 2014 - Before & After
Avionics News September 2014 - 43
Avionics News September 2014 - The Autonomous Navigation Systems AET Endorsement
Avionics News September 2014 - 45
Avionics News September 2014 - 46
Avionics News September 2014 - 47
Avionics News September 2014 - Aviation Aces
Avionics News September 2014 - 49
Avionics News September 2014 - 50
Avionics News September 2014 - 51
Avionics News September 2014 - Legal Ease
Avionics News September 2014 - 53
Avionics News September 2014 - 54
Avionics News September 2014 - 55
Avionics News September 2014 - 56
Avionics News September 2014 - 57
Avionics News September 2014 - Business Basics
Avionics News September 2014 - 59
Avionics News September 2014 - 60
Avionics News September 2014 - 61
Avionics News September 2014 - 62
Avionics News September 2014 - 63
Avionics News September 2014 - Member Profile
Avionics News September 2014 - 65
Avionics News September 2014 - AEA members unveil new ADS-B solutions at AirVenture
Avionics News September 2014 - 67
Avionics News September 2014 - 68
Avionics News September 2014 - 69
Avionics News September 2014 - 70
Avionics News September 2014 - 71
Avionics News September 2014 - What's New
Avionics News September 2014 - 73
Avionics News September 2014 - 74
Avionics News September 2014 - 75
Avionics News September 2014 - 76
Avionics News September 2014 - 77
Avionics News September 2014 - Marketplace Classifieds
Avionics News September 2014 - 79
Avionics News September 2014 - 80
Avionics News September 2014 - Cover3
Avionics News September 2014 - Cover4
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