Green Roofs - Living Architecture Monitor - Fall 2017 - 28
The plan must contain methods for tracking biophilia at each design phase.
The plan should include historical, cultural, ecological, and climatic studies that
thoroughly examine the site and context for the project."
The Well Building Standard consists of 7 Concepts being Air, Water, Nourishment, Light, Fitness, Comfort and Mind. Biophilia is a feature of the Mind Concept. The intent of the Mind Concept "requires design, technology and treatment
strategies designed to provide a physical environment that optimizes cognitive
and emotional health."
BIOPHILIA I - QUALITATIVE INTENT: TO NURTURE THE INNATE
HUMAN-NATURE CONNECTION WITHIN THE PROJECT.
1. Nature Incorporation - environmental elements, lighting,
2. Pattern Incorporation - nature's patterns throughout the design
3. Nature Interaction - within the building and within the project
boundary, external to the building
BIOPHILIA II - QUANTITATIVE INTENT: TO SUPPORT EMOTIONAL
AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING BY INCLUDING THE NATURAL
ENVIRONMENT IN INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR DESIGN.
1. Outdoor Biophilia - landscaped grounds, rooftop gardens and
plantings accessible to building occupants
2. Indoor Biophilia - potted plants, planted beds and planted wall
3. Water Feature - ultraviolet sanitation or other technology to address
THE PRINCIPLES OF BIOPHILIC DESIGN, (KELLERT AND
CALABRESE 2015) WERE CREATED TO OFFER GUIDANCE FOR
CREATING A MORE HOLISTIC, INTEGRATED OR "ECO-SYSTEM"
APPROACH TO BIOPHILIC DESIGN:
1. Biophilic design requires repeated and sustained engagement with
2. Biophilic design focuses on human adaptations to the natural world
that over evolutionary time have advanced people's health, fitness,
3. Biophilic design encourages an emotional attachment to particular
settings and places.
4. Biophilic design promotes positive interactions between people
and nature that encourages an expanded sense of relationship and
responsibility for human and natural communities.
5. Biophilic design encourages mutual reinforcing, interconnected,
and integrated architectural solutions.
LIVING ARCHITECTURE MONITOR / FALL 2017 / 28
Let us now consider how green and blue roofs,
walls and infrastructure can play a significant role
in achieving the biophilic requirements for the
Living Building Challenge and WELL Building
Standard certifications. Keeping in mind the
River Walk and Biophilic Principles, a green roof
can become a park, if there is consideration and
integration of the natural and human constructed
systems. A green roof can include diverse gardens,
food production, gathering spaces, protected overlooks, niches, indigenous flora and fauna, paths for
walking and exercise nodes. Trellises and terraces
can be made of local wood and stone. Metalwork
with nature inspired patterns can be used for
balustrades and guardrails. Murals and mosaics or
curved sweeping benches can be canvases for artists depictions of local lore and history. There are
spots available for people to sit quietly to meditate
or contemplate life, to serenade a loved one or
visit with friends. Pergolas draped with wisteria
or grape vines provide a sense of protection
while breezes flow through them and patterns of
dynamic light dance on the stone below. Vegetated
trellises above windows create summer shading for
glass and facades, inviting birds and butterflies to
visit while allowing the façades to become visually
and functionally dynamic with the changing of
the seasons. Gray water can circulate through
constructed wetlands teaming with tadpoles, frogs
and newts into decorative or naturalistic fountains.
Water features can add soothing sounds to mask
the noise of traffic or coworker's conversations,
providing the sound and feel of clean water moving that we humans love.
Biophilic design offers the opportunity to
create that same experience in your projects while
also meeting the Living Building Challenge or the
WELL Building Certification requirements.
FIND OUT MORE
The Practice of Biophilic Design - Kellert and Calabrese 2015 http://www.biophilic-design.com/
The Living Building Challenge
The WELL Building Standard https://www.wellcertified.com/sites/default/files/resources/WELL%20
Elizabeth Freeman Calabrese, AIA, LEED AP, has been
in the design industry for 30 years. She is principal of
Calabrese Architects, Inc. located in Burlington, Vermont, and her work includes national and international