Discovering America's Hometown | Fayetteville Area Visitors Guide 2017 - 39

Carvers Creek State Park - Spring Lake

CUMBERLAND COUNTY

You may be familiar with Fayetteville, but we'd like you to get to know other towns in Cumberland
County. The history of our county stretches back prior to the birth of our nation. The area that
is now Greater Fayetteville played a pivotal role in our countryÕs history. Before it was known
as Cumberland County, the area was known to a few natives who hunted and fished. Through
archaeology, stone tools, projectile points, and pottery indicate about a dozen distinct native
groups resided in a 100-mile region of Fayetteville. When Europeans arrived, they met native
people known as the Souian.
Some of the first settlers were Scottish immigrants arriving in 1739 and in 1756. They established
the small trading post town of Cross Creek. A few years later, Campbelltown was formed one
mile away. These two towns operated mainly as trading entities, given their desirable locations
along the vast Cape Fear River. When the two towns merged in 1783, the city we now know as
Fayetteville was formed.
Operating as a political hub for the state of North Carolina, Fayetteville was nearly chosen as the
state capital. A courthouse and jail were erected in 1786, and later that year the General Assembly
convened in Fayetteville to name delegates to the 1787 Constitutional Convention. In 1789, North
Carolina ratified the U.S. Constitution to become the twelfth state to join the Union. Also, at this
convention, the world-renowned University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill was chartered.
Today, Cumberland County is home to a lot of North Carolina historical landmarks. FayettevilleÕs
Historic Downtown District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Buildings like
Cool Springs Tavern, built in 1788, survived the 1831 fire and can be seen by following the Historic
Architecture Trail (see page 36 of the Cultural Trail Guide).
While Fort Bragg adds to our military heritage, Cumberland County also saw activity during
both the Revolutionary War and the Civil War, and was in the path of Union Gen. William T.
ShermanÕs infamous march through the South. Heroes of all kinds are honored at North
CarolinaÕs Veterans Park.
This mix of history, important activities, and a vibrant future combines to create that feeling
of being ÒAmericaÕs Hometown.Ó During your visit, you will surely understand why.

888.98.HEROES	VisitFayettevilleNC.com

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