Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 13

a shortfall of more than $100 million exists. Georgia's large stake in federal airport funding makes congressional reauthorization of the FAA programs paramount to the state's success. With authorization for the FAA set to expire on July 15, 2016, the clock was ticking in early July for the U.S. Congress to enact legislation to ensure FAA programs and funding continued without interruption. On July 11 and 13 respectively, the House and Senate passed the FAA Extension, Safety and Security Act of 2016. It authorized the FAA programs through Sept. 30, 2017, with annual authority to issue $3.35 billion in grants under the Airport Improvement Program (AIP); operation of the agency and the national air traffic and air navigation system at current funding levels; and extension of aviation excise taxes to fund the Airport and Airways Trust Fund. It also contained provisions to bolster the safety of Unmanned Aerial Systems, commonly referred to as drones. Provisions include manufacturer requirements to provide safety materials on rules and regulations in product packaging; funding to explore technology solutions to prevent UAS from operating too close to airports; and implementation of an application process to allow certain facilities, including critical infrastructure and amusement, to be designated as restricted areas for UAS operations. The extension bill did not preempt states and local governments from establishing or enforcing UAS regulations, which were in the original Senate bill. Especially important for Athens-Clarke and Macon-Bibb counties is a provision in the extension bill authorizing continued appropriation of up to $175 million per year for the discretionary portion of the Essential Air Service, also known as the EAS, program through 2017. This program, in which both counties participate, provides eligibility for smaller communities that had scheduled airline service at the time of deregulation in 1982. The program provides a subsidy to airlines that initiate and maintain commercial service at eligible airports that provide access to the national air transportation system. Challenges noted by airport management in both Athens-Clarke and Macon-Bibb are that the EAS subsidy often is not sufficient to sustain service with the chosen air carrier, and the types of aircraft used for the service are not widely acceptable to customers. To explore solutions to these EAS challenges the extension bill calls for the formation of an "Improving Air Service to Small Communities" working group. The group would examine issues to remedy the current pilot shortage, which affects the commercial airline industry as a whole, and would also examine the effectiveness of the EAS and Small Community Air Service Development Program. Prior to the July 2016 passage of the FAA Extension bill, the House was first out of the gate in February 2016 introducing HR 444: the Aviation Innovation, Reform and Reauthorization Act of 2016 (AIRR). The Senate moved ahead in April by passing HR 636, the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2016. Major differences in the House and Senate bills remain unresolved for the future of FAA beyond 2017. The House AIRR Act proposed a long-term, six-year reauthorization of the FAA programs and would reshape the U.S. Air Traffic Control (ATC) system by establishing a new, independent nonprofit corporation to manage most ATC functions. In contrast, the Senate bill provided for a shorter-term, 18-month reauthorization of the FAA programs and omitted the House's ATC reform proposal. ATC reform has been a key priority for the House's Transportation and Infrastructure Committee but a source of controversy for many aviation stakeholders. Proponents of ATC reform cite an aging air traffic system plagued with FAA delays in developing and implementing technological advancements to ensure greater efficiency with growing air traffic volumes. They believe an independent organization governed by users and stakeholders would release government constraints on modernization. Opponents of ATC reform recognize the FAA system as the gold standard worldwide for the safe control of aircraft. They believe airlines and associated interests would have a dominant interest on the proposed governing board and user fees that would fund a privatized ATC corporation and create a toll system in the sky, potentially hindering access for general aviation. While it appears that certain categories of aircraft would be guaranteed access and exempt from user fees, the corporation's governing board could change that later. Opponents are also concerned that user fees will burden the overall aviation industry and deter future growth. The House bill continues funding for the FAA Contract Tower Program which outsources some air traffic control facilities and personnel. This program is especially important to Georgia's six contract air traffic control towers that serve airports in Dougherty, Athen-Clark, Fulton, Macon-Bibb, Cobb and Lowndes counties. Approximately four years ago, due to funding shortages in the Contract Tower Program, FAA proposed closing a number of these facilities nationwide - specifically, five of the six in Georgia. To avert a shutdown of the control towers, Congress allowed FAA to temporarily shift program funding to address the shortfall. The House bill would provide stability for the program in the coming years. The House bill would also increase AIP funding for airports to more than $3.8 billion annually through fiscal year 2022. FAA estimates that, during the next five years, airports nationwide will require more than $42.5 billion to meet all AIP-eligible infrastructure development demands. This is more than twice the amount of funding recommended in the original House bill - a sobering reminder of the escalating costs to maintain aging airport infrastructure and the pace of capital projects to meet the capacity demands of the traveling public. During the next year, opportunities remain to shape a longer term multi-year reauthorization of FAA programs. Officials in counties and cities that own airports should monitor and be aware of how proposed FAA legislation could affect their operations and strategic interests and should engage fully in the legislative process to address challenges and advance priorities. ■ FALL 2016 www.accg.org 13 http://www.accg.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Georgia County Government - Fall 2016

President’s Message
Director’s Message
Shaping the Future for Georgia’s Airports
First Responder Wireless Network Readies for Next Steps
GASB 77 Tax Abatement Disclosures Reporting Requirements
Reforming Sales & Use Taxes for the Digital Age
Drones Take Flight: Opportunities and Challenges for Counties
Examining the Rise in Georgia’s Foster Care Cases
ACCG 2016 Legislative Service Awards
New Cities and Incorporation in Georgia: County Implications
Newton County Partners with Action Ministries, Inc. to Provide Hunger Relief
2016 Summer Georgia County Internship Program Highlights
Transparency and Accountability: Being Held to a Higher Standard
Recycling: Still a Win-Win for County Governments and Communities
2016 Legislative Leadership Conference Preview
Successfully Negotiating Service Delivery Strategy Agreements
DeKalb County Recognized for Innovative Procurement Practices by U.S. Communities Government Purchasing Alliance
Reducing Risks: A Look at the Crisp County Sheriff’s Office
Independent Contractor or County Employee?
News & Notes
Index of Advertisers
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover1
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover2
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 3
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 4
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 5
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 6
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 7
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - President’s Message
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 9
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 10
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Director’s Message
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Shaping the Future for Georgia’s Airports
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 13
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - First Responder Wireless Network Readies for Next Steps
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 15
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - GASB 77 Tax Abatement Disclosures Reporting Requirements
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 17
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 18
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 19
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Reforming Sales & Use Taxes for the Digital Age
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 21
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 22
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 23
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 24
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 25
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 26
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 27
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 28
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 29
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 30
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 31
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 32
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 33
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Drones Take Flight: Opportunities and Challenges for Counties
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 35
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 36
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 37
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Examining the Rise in Georgia’s Foster Care Cases
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 39
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 40
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 41
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 42
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 43
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - ACCG 2016 Legislative Service Awards
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 45
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - New Cities and Incorporation in Georgia: County Implications
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 47
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 48
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 49
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 50
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 51
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 52
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 53
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 54
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 55
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Newton County Partners with Action Ministries, Inc. to Provide Hunger Relief
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 57
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 58
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 59
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 2016 Summer Georgia County Internship Program Highlights
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 61
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 62
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 63
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 64
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Transparency and Accountability: Being Held to a Higher Standard
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 66
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 67
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 68
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 69
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Recycling: Still a Win-Win for County Governments and Communities
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 71
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 72
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 73
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 74
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 75
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 2016 Legislative Leadership Conference Preview
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 77
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Successfully Negotiating Service Delivery Strategy Agreements
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 79
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 80
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 81
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 82
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - DeKalb County Recognized for Innovative Procurement Practices by U.S. Communities Government Purchasing Alliance
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 84
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 85
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Reducing Risks: A Look at the Crisp County Sheriff’s Office
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 87
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 88
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 89
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 90
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 91
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Independent Contractor or County Employee?
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 93
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 94
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 95
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - News & Notes
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Index of Advertisers
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 98
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover3
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover4
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