Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 35

for Counties Aug. 29, 2016, and established a new section of the Federal Aviation Regulations found in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Prior to Part 107, FAA pre-approval and authorization was required for all commercial and non-military public entity small drone operations. Counties and other public entities, including universities, had to formally request and receive FAA permission known as a Certificate of Authorization or Waiver (COA) in order to operate drones. Commercial operations by private entities or individuals - defined as the use of drones for work, business purposes, or for compensation - required an exemption from the FAA known as a Section 333 Exemption in addition to a separate COA. The cumbersome and slow FAA approval process, at times lasting in excess of 12 months from application to approval, deterred many companies and local governments from implementing drone operations. Failure to obtain the requisite COA and Section 333 Exemption exposed operators to civil and criminal penalties. Recreational drone operators (individuals flying drones without resulting compensation or in connection with work), on the other hand, were and continue to be expressly exempt from the FA A's drone operation restrictions. Recreational operators are encouraged to follow certain safety guidelines such as flying below 400 feet, maintaining visual line of sight, and never flying over people and sporting events or near airports or emergency response efforts. Part 107: What Counties Need to Know Part 107, at 624 pages, covers a broad spectrum of drone operational, safety and pilot certification requirements. An FAA advisory circular available at www.faa.gov summarizes the key points and guidance for Part 107. Public entities holding a current COA and commercial operators with an existing Section 333 Exemption may elect to continue operating under the provisions of those approvals or may operate pursuant to Part 107, but not both. Recreational operators remain exempt from Part 107. Part 107 establishes an aeronautical knowledge test for all operators, renewed every two years. The test is available at FAAapproved centers or current FAA-certified pilots may take the Part 107 exam online. 1. Generally, operators must keep the aircraft within visual line of sight at all times 2. must remain below 400 feet 3. may only fly during daylight hours or within the hours of civil twilight, and 4. must stay below 100 mph. Additionally, operators may not fly over people and may not fly from a moving vehicle. One notable beneficial change from prior COA restrictions, Part 107 permits flights higher than 400 feet when operated within 400 feet of a structure. This will enable drone inspections of bridges, towers, or other infrastructure taller than 400 feet. In a nod to the flexibility needed with developing technology, the FAA will grant waivers on a case-by-case review for all of the Part 107 conditions listed above. This way, the FAA has a path to revise Part 107 to reflect constantly evolving new technology and flight controls. State and Local Perspective Unlike several neighboring states, Georgia has not passed statewide legislation restricting where and how drones may operate. In vetoing the only drone-related legislation passed in 2016, Gov. Nathan Deal cited the need for final FAA rules before determining a statewide approach. Look for the General Assembly to take up the issue in the 2017 legislative session now that Part 107 has been released. States like North Carolina, that enacted licensing or other requirements must now address potential conflicts with Part 107. The patchwork of state and local drone regulations passed in the absence of the FAA's final rules has created jurisdictional and enforcement challenges. In response, the FAA published several guides intended to aid states and local law enforcement, all of which are available on the FAA's UAS website at www.faa.gov/uas. A "State and Local Regulation of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Fact Sheet" outlines examples of laws that would fall within state and local government police power such as prohibiting the use of drones for voyeurism, prohibiting the attachment of firearms or similar weapons to drones, and prohibiting the use of drones FALL 2016 www.accg.org 35 http://www.faa.gov http://www.faa.gov/uas http://www.accg.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Georgia County Government - Fall 2016

President’s Message
Director’s Message
Shaping the Future for Georgia’s Airports
First Responder Wireless Network Readies for Next Steps
GASB 77 Tax Abatement Disclosures Reporting Requirements
Reforming Sales & Use Taxes for the Digital Age
Drones Take Flight: Opportunities and Challenges for Counties
Examining the Rise in Georgia’s Foster Care Cases
ACCG 2016 Legislative Service Awards
New Cities and Incorporation in Georgia: County Implications
Newton County Partners with Action Ministries, Inc. to Provide Hunger Relief
2016 Summer Georgia County Internship Program Highlights
Transparency and Accountability: Being Held to a Higher Standard
Recycling: Still a Win-Win for County Governments and Communities
2016 Legislative Leadership Conference Preview
Successfully Negotiating Service Delivery Strategy Agreements
DeKalb County Recognized for Innovative Procurement Practices by U.S. Communities Government Purchasing Alliance
Reducing Risks: A Look at the Crisp County Sheriff’s Office
Independent Contractor or County Employee?
News & Notes
Index of Advertisers
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover1
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover2
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 3
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 4
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 5
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 6
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 7
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - President’s Message
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 9
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 10
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Director’s Message
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Shaping the Future for Georgia’s Airports
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 13
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - First Responder Wireless Network Readies for Next Steps
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 15
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - GASB 77 Tax Abatement Disclosures Reporting Requirements
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 17
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 18
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 19
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Reforming Sales & Use Taxes for the Digital Age
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 21
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 22
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 23
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 24
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 25
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 26
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 27
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 28
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 29
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 30
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 31
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 32
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 33
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Drones Take Flight: Opportunities and Challenges for Counties
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 35
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 36
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 37
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Examining the Rise in Georgia’s Foster Care Cases
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 39
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 40
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 41
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 42
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 43
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - ACCG 2016 Legislative Service Awards
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 45
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - New Cities and Incorporation in Georgia: County Implications
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 47
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 48
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 49
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 50
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 51
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 52
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 53
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 54
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 55
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Newton County Partners with Action Ministries, Inc. to Provide Hunger Relief
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 57
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 58
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 59
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 2016 Summer Georgia County Internship Program Highlights
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 61
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 62
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 63
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 64
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Transparency and Accountability: Being Held to a Higher Standard
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 66
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 67
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 68
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 69
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Recycling: Still a Win-Win for County Governments and Communities
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 71
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 72
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 73
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 74
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 75
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 2016 Legislative Leadership Conference Preview
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 77
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Successfully Negotiating Service Delivery Strategy Agreements
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 79
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 80
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 81
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 82
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - DeKalb County Recognized for Innovative Procurement Practices by U.S. Communities Government Purchasing Alliance
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 84
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 85
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Reducing Risks: A Look at the Crisp County Sheriff’s Office
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 87
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 88
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 89
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 90
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 91
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Independent Contractor or County Employee?
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 93
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 94
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 95
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - News & Notes
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Index of Advertisers
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 98
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover3
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover4
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