Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 37

REGULATION >> As the skies above Georgia begin to buzz with drones thanks to the FAA's new rules, careful planning will ensure counties enjoy the full financial and safety benefits with minimal risk and liabilities. for fishing or hunting (and prohibiting the use of drones to harass those who may be fishing or hunting). The FAA also released a guide for use by local law enforcement when encountering suspected unauthorized drone operations, outlining steps law enforcement and first responders can take to assist with the federal investigations such as witness interviews, identification of operators, and recording the location of the suspected unauthorized event. Local ordinances may not be necessary due to existing FAA flight restrictions and state and local laws. The FAA prohibits flights over sporting events and establishes "no drone zones" upon request, such as over Disney World in Orlando, Florida. A hovering drone, for example, may violate certain state or local privacy protections, noise ordinances, peeping Tom and animal cruelty statutes. Georgia's statutory privacy protections against eavesdropping and other voyeurism acts found in O.C.G.A. §16-11-62 apply regardless of whether the video or images are captured from a hidden dressing room camera or a camera mounted on a drone. Similarly, a hovering drone's incessant buzzing may violate a local noise ordinance and flying a drone to agitate a neighbor's dog or livestock may trigger animal abuse ordinances. Counties & Drones - New Opportunities Drones, and their related systems and software, provide an opportunity for counties to maximize resources, improve services, and increase public safety. From the aircraft's camera and light detection and ranging equipment to its software systems, advances in aerial photogrammetry (making measurements through photographs) enable drone-mounted cameras to capture detailed images for use in 3-D modeling and maps that would be impossible to accurately capture using manned aircraft. New methods of command and control for drone aircraft have extended drone flight ranges and airtime. Emergency Services Last year, South Carolina officials utilized CNN's aerial drone footage to survey conditions in otherwise non-traversable areas during some of the worst flooding in the state's history. State emergency management officials were able to identify over 10 breached dams and monitor the structural integrity of another 35 dams. Along the California coast, lifeguards use aerial drone images to monitor shark swimming patterns near populated beach areas. Infrastructure Inspections Drone technology also provides a safer and cost effective mechanism for utility and infrastructure inspections. Improved flight sensors and navigation capabilities enable drone operators to view a structure up-close from every angle, including underneath. Capturing reliable data imagery from different drone-mounted camera angles also minimizes the need for helicopters, cranes and other climbing equipment. Inspectors and engineers can assess the drone's imagery to determine whether further manual inspections are needed. As a result, inspections require less time and the associated costs and safety risks are significantly decreased. Surveying and Mapping Time required and costs for aerial surveying of landfills and other county property or infrastructure are significantly decreased when utilizing drones while creating improved data points and images. Traffic Management Ohio transportation officials are using drones to monitor parking lots and collect data regarding freeway conditions. In Georgia, a joint research study between the Georgia Department of Transportation and Georgia Tech identified over 40 traffic management use cases for drones. Counties & Drones - Balancing Risks and Liabilities Counties face dual liability risks with drone operations: (a) first party damage to the drone aircraft and related systems and (b) third party liability resulting from harm caused during the drone flight or from post-flight data management. Counties may minimize these risks through outsourcing, updating internal policies and tailoring insurance liability coverage policies. "Drones" encompass much more than the aircraft. There is the controller, ground station and software associated with the flight operations along with the software and systems required for analyzing and processing the collected images and data. Maintaining and caring for the delicate cameras, sensors and rotors along with tracking requisite software updates requires attention to detail and training outside of typical county aviation programs. Further, the collected images may incorporate protected personal information subject to heightened security requirements and data breach disclosures. Implementation of training and operating procedures, proper equipment maintenance, and systems security protections are key to minimizing the inevitable drone risks. The county should review existing internal procedures, contract provisions and insurance policies to ensure compliance with the new Part 107 operation, pilot and safety requirements. Specialty aircraft coverage internally and from vendors, as applicable, in addition to cyber risk coverage will further minimize liabilities. Additionally, commercial general liability insurance policies should include applicable drone coverage. Lastly, counties should evaluate whether the benefits of directly owning and operating drones outweigh the risks. Depending on the anticipated uses and frequency, it may be more cost effective for the county to shift the risks and engage a third party operator as needs arise. As the skies above Georgia begin to buzz with drones thanks to the FAA's new rules, careful planning will ensure counties enjoy the full financial and safety benefits with minimal risk and liabilities. ■ Elizabeth Wharton is a business and public policy attorney specializing in new and emerging technologies with the law firm of Hall Booth Smith, P.C. and host of the "Buzz Off with Lawyer Liz" drone, driverless car, and IoT focused radio show on America's Web Radio. FALL 2016 www.accg.org 37 http://www.accg.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Georgia County Government - Fall 2016

President’s Message
Director’s Message
Shaping the Future for Georgia’s Airports
First Responder Wireless Network Readies for Next Steps
GASB 77 Tax Abatement Disclosures Reporting Requirements
Reforming Sales & Use Taxes for the Digital Age
Drones Take Flight: Opportunities and Challenges for Counties
Examining the Rise in Georgia’s Foster Care Cases
ACCG 2016 Legislative Service Awards
New Cities and Incorporation in Georgia: County Implications
Newton County Partners with Action Ministries, Inc. to Provide Hunger Relief
2016 Summer Georgia County Internship Program Highlights
Transparency and Accountability: Being Held to a Higher Standard
Recycling: Still a Win-Win for County Governments and Communities
2016 Legislative Leadership Conference Preview
Successfully Negotiating Service Delivery Strategy Agreements
DeKalb County Recognized for Innovative Procurement Practices by U.S. Communities Government Purchasing Alliance
Reducing Risks: A Look at the Crisp County Sheriff’s Office
Independent Contractor or County Employee?
News & Notes
Index of Advertisers
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover1
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover2
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 3
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 4
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 5
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 6
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 7
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - President’s Message
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 9
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 10
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Director’s Message
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Shaping the Future for Georgia’s Airports
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 13
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - First Responder Wireless Network Readies for Next Steps
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 15
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - GASB 77 Tax Abatement Disclosures Reporting Requirements
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 17
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 18
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 19
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Reforming Sales & Use Taxes for the Digital Age
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 21
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 22
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 23
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 24
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 25
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 26
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 27
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 28
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 29
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 30
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 31
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 32
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 33
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Drones Take Flight: Opportunities and Challenges for Counties
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 35
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 36
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 37
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Examining the Rise in Georgia’s Foster Care Cases
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 39
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 40
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 41
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 42
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 43
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - ACCG 2016 Legislative Service Awards
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 45
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - New Cities and Incorporation in Georgia: County Implications
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 47
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 48
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 49
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 50
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 51
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 52
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 53
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 54
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 55
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Newton County Partners with Action Ministries, Inc. to Provide Hunger Relief
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 57
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 58
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 59
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 2016 Summer Georgia County Internship Program Highlights
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 61
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 62
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 63
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 64
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Transparency and Accountability: Being Held to a Higher Standard
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 66
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 67
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 68
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 69
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Recycling: Still a Win-Win for County Governments and Communities
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 71
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 72
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 73
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 74
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 75
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 2016 Legislative Leadership Conference Preview
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 77
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Successfully Negotiating Service Delivery Strategy Agreements
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 79
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 80
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 81
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 82
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - DeKalb County Recognized for Innovative Procurement Practices by U.S. Communities Government Purchasing Alliance
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 84
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 85
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Reducing Risks: A Look at the Crisp County Sheriff’s Office
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 87
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 88
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 89
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 90
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 91
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Independent Contractor or County Employee?
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 93
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 94
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 95
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - News & Notes
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - Index of Advertisers
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - 98
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover3
Georgia County Government - Fall 2016 - cover4
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