ASID Icon - Winter 2013 - (Page 26)
WHAT IS IPD?
According to AIA|CC, the American Institute of Architects
Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) is a project delivery
approach that integrates people, systems, business structures and practices into a process that collaboratively
harnesses the talents and insights of all participants to
optimize project results, increase value to the owner,
reduce waste, and maximize efficiency through all phases
of design, fabrication, and construction.
IPD principles can be applied to a variety of contractual
arrangements and IPD teams can include members well
beyond the basic triad of owner, architect, and contractor.
In all cases, integrated projects are uniquely distinguished
by highly effective collaboration among the owner, the
prime designer, and the prime constructor, commencing at
early design and continuing through to project handover.
Within this definition of IPD, AIA|CC identifies specific principles as important elements of a successful
Integrated Delivery process:
* Mutual respect and trust
* Mutual beneﬁt and reward
* Collaborative innovation and
* Early involvement of key participants
* Early goal deﬁnition
* Intensiﬁed planning
* Open communication
* Appropriate technology
* Organization and leadership
ALL PHOTOS COURTESY OF HAWORTH/ASSASSI PRODUCTIONS
By bringing the key participants to the project table from the
beginning, and this includes the client, everyone is present as the
project goals are outlined. Throughout, the project information is
shared with the team and high-level conversations allow everyone to make decisions in the best interest of the project based on
the identiﬁed goals.
While each project is negotiated differently, one major difference in some IPD arrangements is contractual agreements
that tie compensation and/or incentives for the key participants
to achieving agreed-upon goals, timelines and budgets. Joan
Blumenfeld, FAIA, IIDA, LEED ID+C, global interior design
director for Perkins + Will in New York has worked on such projects. "Essentially everyone is working at cost with a reasonable
amount of proﬁt put aside in a 'pot' so to speak." She explains that
if the project is under cost, then that proﬁt is divided according
to the contractual agreement. If costs start increasing, then it eats
into that proﬁt. And if the project costs go over, the client risk is
that they have to continue to pay for the project and the team risk
is that they have to continue to work at cost.
"This type of arrangement eliminates the ﬁnger pointing as
the money is coming out of one place. The team shares in the risk
and rewards, so they work together to solve problems. Everyone
is on the same page from the beginning, so it is a much more collaborative process," says Blumenfeld.
the magazine of the american society of interior designers
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ASID Icon - Winter 2013
A Commitment to True Collaboration
Design’s Growing Body of Evidence
Design for Life
ASID Icon - Winter 2013