Quality Progress - December 2017 - 57

it has the right features to support PdM requirements. Consider, for example, whether the system
can expand as the program scope or business grows.
Can it communicate with other systems? Does it have
mobile solutions and cloud management for remote
data hosting? Does it have key performance indicators
(KPI) and dashboard features?
5. Conduct data mining and warehousing. Another
crucial step includes data mining and warehousing
capabilities to effectively collect, process and maintain
the maintenance and condition monitoring data.
 It is important not only to collect the data successfully, but also to handle it effectively and generate
useful insights for continuous learning and improvement of maintenance processes. Carefully picked
CMMSs and intelligence systems play a big role in the
success of a PdM program.
6. Develop KPIs and business intelligence. The last
step to consider in PdM planning is the development
of KPIs, business intelligence and performance management.
 KPIs and business intelligence activities are a vital
part of performance management. Well-developed
KPIs can be essential in determining, measuring,
tracking and managing an organization's performance
objectives.
 They provide a clear understanding of how well the
organization is performing by identifying potential
areas of improvement, assessing the effectiveness
of individual and overall improvement initiatives, and
setting a performance baseline.
 This baseline can be used to compare past performance, determine a performance gap between
the current performance and expected targets, and
benchmark against the organization's competitors.
 KPIs should make optimal use of lagging and leading indicators. Lagging indicators are derived from
the existing available data to develop a performance
baseline and require some degree of extrapolation
of trends to compare with past performance. A good
example of a lagging indicator is mean time between
failures. It represents several historic failures for a
piece of equipment over a specified time.
 Leading indicators are forward-looking indicators
designed to monitor activities that are expected to
produce good results. They are called forward-looking
because they monitor performance and flag warning
signs before a problem arises. An example of a leading
indicator is mean time to failure, which measures the
reliability of a piece of equipment by counting the

TA B L E 2

Predictive maintenance
Maintenance
type

Maintenance
activity

End result

In addition to the preventive maintenance activities
described in Table 1, based on the business
applicability and needs, PdM may employ one or
more of the following activities:
Condition
monitoring

Track the actual condition of
the asset, usually in real time,
to detect patterns leading to a
state of failure.

Failure modes
tracking and
application of
failure mode and
effects analysis
(FMEA)

Detect modes of failures to
effectively model the failures.
This information is used in
strategies such as FMEA, in
which each potential failure
mode of a component is
analyzed to determine the effect
on its reliability. This provides
a means of verifying that all
relevant failure modes have
been considered to understand
failures and to plan and predict
adequate maintenance levels.

Powerful
information
systems

Improve failure monitoring and
tracking, FMEA applications,
work scheduling, inventory
management and labor
management.

Data analytics

Use advanced-level data
analytics techniques, such as
time series trend analysis or
a sensor pattern recognition
program, to detect early failure
patterns before they cause
further damage.

Efficiently meet
government
mandates and
compliance
standards

PdM activities can help support
regulations, such as the Federal
Transit Administration's Moving
Ahead for Progress in the 21st
Century, and international
standards, such as ISO 55000.

Predictive
maintenance
(PdM)

average time before the first failure.
 It is highly recommended to have at least some representation of the leading indicators in the KPI set-up to promote
healthy maintenance practices and effectively help with the
organization's continuous improvement efforts.
 KPIs provide an efficient way to benchmark the effectiveness of current processes, show performance gaps to generate
improvement action plans, track the effectiveness of those
action plans and show the overall state of the business efficiencies at various levels.
 KPIs are an important element of the organization's overall business intelligence establishments. A well-thought-out
CMMS program and other supporting business intelligence
programs help accomplish success and provide a basis for the

qualityprogress.com ❘ December 2017

QP 57


http://www.qualityprogress.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Quality Progress - December 2017

Seen and Heard
Progress Report
Mr. Pareto Head
Expert Answers
Career Coach
The Next Rung
Titles and Take-Home
Certification Certainty
Six Sigma Satisfaction
Stay the Course
Maintenance Makeover
Confronting Confusion
Standard Issues
Statistics Spotlight
Marketplace
Footnotes
Try This Today
Quality Progress - December 2017 - intro
Quality Progress - December 2017 - cover1
Quality Progress - December 2017 - cover2
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 1
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 2
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 3
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 4
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 5
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Seen and Heard
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 7
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Progress Report
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 9
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 10
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 11
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 12
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Mr. Pareto Head
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Expert Answers
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 15
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Career Coach
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 17
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 18
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 19
Quality Progress - December 2017 - The Next Rung
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 21
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 22
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 23
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 24
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 25
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 26
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 27
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 28
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 29
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Titles and Take-Home
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 31
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 32
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 33
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 34
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 35
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Certification Certainty
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 37
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 38
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 39
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 40
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 41
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 42
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 43
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Six Sigma Satisfaction
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 45
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 46
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 47
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Stay the Course
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 49
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 50
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 51
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 52
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 53
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Maintenance Makeover
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 55
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 56
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 57
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 58
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 59
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Confronting Confusion
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 61
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 62
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 63
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 64
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 65
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Standard Issues
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 67
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 68
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 69
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Statistics Spotlight
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 71
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 72
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 73
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Marketplace
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 75
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Footnotes
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 77
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 78
Quality Progress - December 2017 - 79
Quality Progress - December 2017 - Try This Today
Quality Progress - December 2017 - cover3
Quality Progress - December 2017 - cover4
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