Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 22

F E AT U R E

Domestic Well Aquifer
Storage and Recovery
Using Seasonal Springs
Julianne Robinson, Todd Jarvis and Desirée Tullos
Rainwater, springwater, everywhere,
It doesn't matter how many wells we sink;
Rainwater, springwater, everywhere,
Nor any drop to drink.

A

pologies to
Coleridge's poem
The Rime of the
Ancient Mariner,
but this stanza sums up the
frustration of many a well owner
trying to service their dream
homes built on the tortured
rocks and aquifers comprising
the coastal range in Oregon.
What's a homeowner to do after
investing tens of thousands of
dollars on their water well only
to have it barely yield a pint a
minute, or worse, salt water?
To date, aquifer storage and recovery
(ASR) projects have been predominantly
implemented by large municipalities and
industries with high seasonal water demands.
However, ASR is also a promising tool
for small-scale water management using
exempt wells for domestic water use. For
example, ASR has recently been successfully
implemented as a subsurface storage
technique for a small water utility district
in Warren, Oregon (see Mansfield's article
elsewhere in this issue). Researchers (Händel
et al. 2016) have shown that small-diameter

22 * Water Resources IMPACT

September 2017

Figure 1: New well.

spring-sourced ASR poses a unique
solution to seasonal water supply shortages.
However, regulations surrounding the
underground injection and storage of water
were formulated in the context of large-scale
projects, which can make the development
process less accessible to private well owners.
As a result, the feasibility of domestic-scale
spring-sourced ASR is a result of both local
geological conditions and regulations. In
this article, we aim to outline a strategy for
evaluating the feasibility of spring-sourced
domestic-scale ASR, using a case study from
Toledo, Oregon.

Why ASR?

Figure 2: Natural spring.

wells can be a cost-effective approach for
managed aquifer recharge, and a pilot study
conducted outside of Eugene, Oregon,
demonstrated the applicability of ASR
using low-yield exempt (domestic) wells and
rainwater recharge (Embleton 2012).
Similar to the application of ASR with
exempt wells and rainwater (Embleton 2012),
spring-sourced ASR has the potential to be
used by domestic well owners to provide
a year-round supply of water where water
sources are seasonal. In areas where the
subsurface geology hinders well productivity,

In many places, artificial recharge is
necessary because groundwater is being
consumed faster than it is being replaced.
Surface water is often already fully allocated,
or insufficient to meet the demands of a
growing population. ASR provides local
control over the timing of water use, which
is important in areas that have historically
relied on a diminishing winter snowpack for
surface water supply in the summer.
In locations characterized by marine
sediments and fractured shale, such
as the Oregon Coast Range, aquifers
typically have a low permeability and are
hydraulically compartmentalized, leading
to low-yield wells and unhappy well owners.
Opportunely, seasonal springs are abundant
in the area and already serve as a local source
of drinking water in the winter and spring.
Aquifer storage and recovery could provide
the storage necessary to use spring water
throughout the entire year.
In this case study, a new well was drilled
(see Figure 1) outside of Toledo for the
purpose of providing drinking water for



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017

President’s Message
Growing Up…with Managed Aquifer Recharge
Aquifer Storage and Recovery as Means to
The Regulatory Environment of Managed
The ASCE-EWRI Standard Guidelines
Managed Aquifer Recharge:
Managed Aquifer Recharge: A Global Perspective
What’s Up with Water? Sisyphus, Heraclitus and WOTUS
The New Economics of Water: Reducing CO2 Emissions in the Bay Delta Could Reverse Erosion
Domestic Well Aquifer Storage and Recovery Using Seasonal Springs
Philosophy and Ethics: The Rio Grande and the Ganges Rivers: How Human ‘Success’ is Choking the Life out of Two Great River-Spirits
ASR: Aquifer Storage Rescues a Small Water Supply District
Putting Aquifers to Work: MAR Applications in Nutrient Removal
Summer Conference Recap
Harvesting Glacial Meltwater with Managed Aquifer Recharge
AWRA State Section and Student Chapter News
In Memoriam: Peter E. Black
Herbert Scholarship Award Recipients for 2017-2018 Announced
August JAWRA Highlights
2017-2018 Editorial Calendar
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - intro
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - cover1
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - cover2
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 3
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 4
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - President’s Message
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Growing Up…with Managed Aquifer Recharge
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 7
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Aquifer Storage and Recovery as Means to
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 9
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 10
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - The Regulatory Environment of Managed
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 12
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 13
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - The ASCE-EWRI Standard Guidelines
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 15
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 16
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Managed Aquifer Recharge:
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 18
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 19
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Managed Aquifer Recharge: A Global Perspective
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 21
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 22
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 23
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 24
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 25
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 26
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 27
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 28
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 29
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - What’s Up with Water? Sisyphus, Heraclitus and WOTUS
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 31
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - The New Economics of Water: Reducing CO2 Emissions in the Bay Delta Could Reverse Erosion
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Philosophy and Ethics: The Rio Grande and the Ganges Rivers: How Human ‘Success’ is Choking the Life out of Two Great River-Spirits
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - ASR: Aquifer Storage Rescues a Small Water Supply District
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 35
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Summer Conference Recap
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 37
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - AWRA State Section and Student Chapter News
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - In Memoriam: Peter E. Black
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Herbert Scholarship Award Recipients for 2017-2018 Announced
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 41
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 2017-2018 Editorial Calendar
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - cover3
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - cover4
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