Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 34

The Ganges River, flowing down from the Himalayas, just before it reaches Rishikesh, India.

forming along its banks and then, following
Spanish and British colonialism, cities like
Albuquerque and Las Cruces in New Mexico
and El Paso, Laredo and McAllen in Texas
grew from its nourishing and often chaotic
waters. Mexican cities formed as well:
Ciudad Juarez, Nuevo Laredo, Matamoros
and Reynosa. The Rio Grande currently
supplies water for drinking, irrigation and
industrial use for more than 6 million people
and 2 million acres of land.
In the last 50 years, exploding population
and agricultural growth, dams built to
control flooding and provide irrigation,
international water treaties and the rapid
industrialization associated with the North
American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
have led to so much overuse that sections of

34 * Water Resources IMPACT

September 2017

the river are completely dry for months at a
time. In 2001, for the first time in its natural
history, the Rio Grande failed to deliver any
water at all to the Gulf of Mexico.
In the past 10 years alone, the population
in the U.S. cities along the Rio Grande has
risen by an average of 15%, while most of
the cities on the Mexican side of the river
have grown by 45% or more. This 'success'
of NAFTA has led to the proliferation of
assembly plants called maquiladoras on the
Mexican side of the border which, in turn,
has led to as many as 400,000 people creating
colonias, small but burgeoning enclaves of
very poor people who live in unincorporated
or 'illegal' settlements along the Mexico/U.S.
border - mostly to service the maquiladoras.
But even in the other 'legal' urban areas,

the infrastructure cannot handle the
environmental consequences of human
and industrial waste from overpopulation
and over-industrialization. Currently, 75%
of the Rio Grande's water is diverted for
agricultural use from farmers in both the
United States and Mexico, and while that
is expected to decrease by 30% over the
next 50 years, municipal use - from cities
situated along the Rio Grande - is expected
to increase by about 100% and industrial use
by 40%.
The Rio Grande is the fourth longest
river (2,830 km long) in the United States
and has the third largest watershed area
(870,000 square kilometers). However, of
the 38 most important rivers in the United
States, the Rio Grande has only the 28th
greatest discharge at 1,300 cubic meters/
second and averages a mere 160 cubic
meters/second. By comparison, the Ganges
River is 2,260 km long, with a watershed
area of some 1,086,000 square kilometers
in Tibet, Nepal, India and Bangladesh.
More than 600 million people live in this
river basin, the most populated in the entire
world. And with a discharge of 38,000 cubic
meters/second, the Ganges-Brahamaputra
System is the third most powerful river
system on Earth, after the Amazon and
Congo rivers.
Even though I have not lived on the
Ganges River or, as native Indians call it,
the Mother Ganga, I did spend time in
India and came to appreciate the spiritual,
economic and sustainability significance
of the Ganges. I experienced its power and
purity as it emerges with deep, strong,
swift currents from its sacred sources in
the Himalayas, coursing with power and
purity past Rishikesh and then sweeping
majestically through the belly of India
as it passes the longest inhabited city in
the world, Varanasi. After also passing
through parts of Bangladesh, it empties via
the largest delta in the world into the Bay
of Bengal.
Both rivers have cut their paths through
the landscapes of very different continents
and with very different effects on those who
have come to be sustained by them. The
Rio Grande runs from its mountain origin
through a desert environment in North
America's Southwest, while the Ganges
River runs from its Himalayan mountain
origin through the more verdant fields and
plains of central India.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017

President’s Message
Growing Up…with Managed Aquifer Recharge
Aquifer Storage and Recovery as Means to
The Regulatory Environment of Managed
The ASCE-EWRI Standard Guidelines
Managed Aquifer Recharge:
Managed Aquifer Recharge: A Global Perspective
What’s Up with Water? Sisyphus, Heraclitus and WOTUS
The New Economics of Water: Reducing CO2 Emissions in the Bay Delta Could Reverse Erosion
Domestic Well Aquifer Storage and Recovery Using Seasonal Springs
Philosophy and Ethics: The Rio Grande and the Ganges Rivers: How Human ‘Success’ is Choking the Life out of Two Great River-Spirits
ASR: Aquifer Storage Rescues a Small Water Supply District
Putting Aquifers to Work: MAR Applications in Nutrient Removal
Summer Conference Recap
Harvesting Glacial Meltwater with Managed Aquifer Recharge
AWRA State Section and Student Chapter News
In Memoriam: Peter E. Black
Herbert Scholarship Award Recipients for 2017-2018 Announced
August JAWRA Highlights
2017-2018 Editorial Calendar
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - intro
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - cover1
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - cover2
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 3
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 4
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - President’s Message
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Growing Up…with Managed Aquifer Recharge
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 7
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Aquifer Storage and Recovery as Means to
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 9
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 10
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - The Regulatory Environment of Managed
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 12
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 13
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - The ASCE-EWRI Standard Guidelines
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 15
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 16
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Managed Aquifer Recharge:
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 18
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 19
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Managed Aquifer Recharge: A Global Perspective
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 21
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 22
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 23
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 24
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 25
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 26
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 27
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 28
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 29
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - What’s Up with Water? Sisyphus, Heraclitus and WOTUS
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 31
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - The New Economics of Water: Reducing CO2 Emissions in the Bay Delta Could Reverse Erosion
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Philosophy and Ethics: The Rio Grande and the Ganges Rivers: How Human ‘Success’ is Choking the Life out of Two Great River-Spirits
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - ASR: Aquifer Storage Rescues a Small Water Supply District
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 35
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Summer Conference Recap
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 37
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - AWRA State Section and Student Chapter News
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - In Memoriam: Peter E. Black
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Herbert Scholarship Award Recipients for 2017-2018 Announced
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 41
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 2017-2018 Editorial Calendar
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - cover3
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - cover4
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