Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 6

F E AT U R E

Growing Up... with
Managed Aquifer Recharge
Michael E. Campana
No one really could explain the sumps'
purposes to me but they did fill up quickly
with water when it rained so the nascent
hydrologist in me ultimately figured they
must be keeping water off the streets
and away from homes. The water did
not usually last long; just long enough
to produce mosquitoes and frogs during
the summer.

Later on

Figure 1: Whitewater recharge pond with wind farm, southern California. [Courtesy Maureen
Perry, Coachella Valley Water District, California]

A

s a child growing up in the 1950s suburban wilds of
Nassau County, Long Island, NY, I had the usual places
to explore: woods, ponds, some streams and the
ubiquitous building and sewer construction sites. The
latter sites were often difficult to access as they were protected by
fences, security guards, dogs or all of the above. Other parts of the
county had wooded hills that towered a few hundred feet above
sea level. I would later learn that these were glacial moraines, but
no matter - I had no easy means of transportation to the county's
North Shore and its high-end towns where these 'mountains' were
located. So in my neck of the woods - near the South Shore - there
were few exotic places to capture my imagination.
Then I discovered sumps.
These were large excavations located
seemingly randomly around Nassau
County, the first suburban county just east
of New York City's Brooklyn and Queens
boroughs. I had seen them when visiting
friends' houses, especially those who lived
in new developments, or while on my

6 * Water Resources IMPACT

September 2017

paper route. Each sump was mysterious,
occupying several acres or more, maybe
15 feet or so deep with steeply sloping sides
and a concrete culvert or two emptying into
it. A chain link fence topped with barbed
wire enclosed each sump. But that did not
stop my friends and me from exploring
them, especially when they held water.

Fast forward 15 years to the early 1970s
when I was a hydrology graduate student at
the University of Arizona. There, I finally
learned the secrets of the sumps. While
researching a term paper on the water
resources of Long Island I learned that
Nassau County first started building sumps
in the 1930s to collect stormwater. The
county was starting to develop and wanted
to manage the flood hazards with detention
basins - sumps. Shortly thereafter someone
in the county public works department
realized that sumps were great for
recharging the shallow unconfined aquifer
that was being used for water supply. More
were built specifically for that purpose.
Over 700 sumps were constructed.
Alas, someone later realized that as the
county developed, the sumps were recharging
polluted water - loaded with septic tank
effluent, runoff from streets and parking lots
and other sources. The pollution, combined
with a modern storm sewer system, made
the sumps less desirable and unnecessary.
When I visited a few of my old sumps in
October 2016, they had been turned into bird
sanctuaries, passive parks, ponds, etc. Some
still capture stormwater, and some recharge
groundwater, but since cesspools and septic
tanks have been obviated by sanitary sewers,
the recharged groundwater is less polluted. In
addition, a lot of groundwater development in
the county is focused on the deeper aquifers.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017

President’s Message
Growing Up…with Managed Aquifer Recharge
Aquifer Storage and Recovery as Means to
The Regulatory Environment of Managed
The ASCE-EWRI Standard Guidelines
Managed Aquifer Recharge:
Managed Aquifer Recharge: A Global Perspective
What’s Up with Water? Sisyphus, Heraclitus and WOTUS
The New Economics of Water: Reducing CO2 Emissions in the Bay Delta Could Reverse Erosion
Domestic Well Aquifer Storage and Recovery Using Seasonal Springs
Philosophy and Ethics: The Rio Grande and the Ganges Rivers: How Human ‘Success’ is Choking the Life out of Two Great River-Spirits
ASR: Aquifer Storage Rescues a Small Water Supply District
Putting Aquifers to Work: MAR Applications in Nutrient Removal
Summer Conference Recap
Harvesting Glacial Meltwater with Managed Aquifer Recharge
AWRA State Section and Student Chapter News
In Memoriam: Peter E. Black
Herbert Scholarship Award Recipients for 2017-2018 Announced
August JAWRA Highlights
2017-2018 Editorial Calendar
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - intro
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - cover1
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - cover2
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 3
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 4
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - President’s Message
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Growing Up…with Managed Aquifer Recharge
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 7
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Aquifer Storage and Recovery as Means to
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 9
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 10
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - The Regulatory Environment of Managed
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 12
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 13
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - The ASCE-EWRI Standard Guidelines
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 15
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 16
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Managed Aquifer Recharge:
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 18
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 19
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Managed Aquifer Recharge: A Global Perspective
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 21
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 22
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 23
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 24
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 25
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 26
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 27
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 28
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 29
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - What’s Up with Water? Sisyphus, Heraclitus and WOTUS
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 31
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - The New Economics of Water: Reducing CO2 Emissions in the Bay Delta Could Reverse Erosion
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Philosophy and Ethics: The Rio Grande and the Ganges Rivers: How Human ‘Success’ is Choking the Life out of Two Great River-Spirits
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - ASR: Aquifer Storage Rescues a Small Water Supply District
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 35
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Summer Conference Recap
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 37
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - AWRA State Section and Student Chapter News
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - In Memoriam: Peter E. Black
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - Herbert Scholarship Award Recipients for 2017-2018 Announced
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 41
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - 2017-2018 Editorial Calendar
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - cover3
Water Resources - IMPACT - September 2017 - cover4
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