Landscapes - Fall 2015 - (Page 57)

HABITAT FOR BEES BUMBLE BEES 1. Bombus vagans Smith 14 - 19 mm BUMBLE BEES CARPENTER BEES 1. Bombus Smith 2. Xylocopavagans virginica Linneaus 14 17 -- 19 23 mm mm 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 9. 7. 8. 10. 11. 7. 8. 10. 11. 10. 11. 10. 11. 9. BUMBLE BEES 1. Bombus vagans Smith 14 - 19 mm CARPENTER BEES 2. Xylocopa virginica Linneaus 3. 2. 3. 17 - 23 mm Ceratina calcarata Robertson 5 - 8 mm LEAF CUTTING BEES 4. Megachile relativa Cresson 8 - 12 mm 5. Megachile campanulae Robertson 8 - 11 mm 5. 6. MASON BEES 6. Osmia pumila Cresson 7 - 8 mm 7. Osmia conjuncta Cresson 9 - 10 mm PLASTERER BEE 8. Hylaeus affinis (Smith) 5 - 6 mm 9. Colletes inequalis Say 8. 9. 10 - 13 mm MINING BEE 10. Andrena vicina Smith 10 - 15 mm SWEAT BEE 11. Halictus rubicundus (Christ) 11. 10 - 11 mm 3. Ceratina BUMBLE BEES calcarata Robertson CARPENTER BEES 5Bombus - 8 mm 1. vagans Smith 2. Xylocopa virginica Linneaus 14 - 19 mm 17 23 mmBEES LEAF CUTTING 3. Ceratina calcarata Robertson BUMBLE BEES 4. Megachile relativa Cresson CARPENTER BEES 58Bombus -- 812mm 1. vagans Smith mm 2. Xylocopa virginica Linneaus 14 - 19 mm 5. Megachile campanulae Robertson 17 - 23 mm LEAF CUTTING BEES 8Ceratina - 11 mmcalcarata 3. Robertson 4. Megachile relativa Cresson CARPENTER BEES 5 - 8 mm 8 12 mm 2. Xylocopa virginica Linneaus MASON BEES 5. Megachile campanulae 17 - 23 mm 6. Osmia pumila Cresson LEAF CUTTING BEES Robertson 87Ceratina -- 11 mmcalcarata Robertson 3. 8 mm 4. Megachile relativa Cresson LIAT MARGOLIS + J. SCOTT MACIVOR BEE BOLD ANIMAL ARCHITECTURE + BIOMIMETIC GEOMETRY - 8 mm Cresson 7. Osmia58conjuncta - 12 mm MASON 9BEES - 10campanulae mm 5. Megachile Robertson LEAF CUTTING BEES 6. Osmia pumila Cresson 8 - 11 mm 4. 7Megachile - 8 mm PLASTERER BEE relativa Cresson 8conjuncta -affinis 12 mm(Smith) 7. Cresson 8. Osmia Hylaeus MASON BEES 5. Megachile Robertson mm -- 610campanulae mm 6. Osmia59pumila Cresson 8 11 mm 9. Colletes 7 -inequalis 8 mm Say PLASTERER BEE - 13 mmCresson 7. Osmia10conjuncta MASON BEES 8. Hylaeus affinis (Smith) 9 - 10 mm 6. Osmia5pumila -BEE 6 mmCresson MINING 7 -inequalis 8vicina mm Smith 9. 10.Colletes Andrena PLASTERER BEE Say 7. Osmia10 conjuncta Cresson -- 13 10 15 mm mm 8. Hylaeus affinis (Smith) 9 - 10 mm 5 - 6 mm > FR_LP+ RÉSUMÉ : NICHOIRS DE LUXE : ARCHITECTURE ANIMALE + GÉOMÉTRIE BIOMIMÉTIQUE In the greater with more tha focused on ab Geometries d In the greater structures with moresou tha - of the nestin focused on ab Geometries d In the greater 'Ecologicalsou wi EN_ MORE THAN 300 bee species call the greater Toronto area structures with more tha can -tecture of the -nestin focused on ab home. The social honey bee, which represents only one bee our understan Geometries d In the greater ecology. There species, is managed in artificial hives. All other bees are "wild" 'Ecological wi structures with moresou tha inhabiting an can -tecture of the -nestin focused on ab and unlike their domesticated relatives, most seek solitary displayed here our understan Geometries d spaces for coll nesting sites. Some wild bees are receptive to artificial nests, ecology. There 'Ecological wi structures sou MINING BEE SWEAT 9. ColletesBEE inequalis Say inhabiting an tecture - can PLASTERER BEE 10. vicina Smith - of the nestin analogous the natural 11. Andrena Halictus rubicundus (Christ) nesting conditions they seek such as 10 - to 13 mm displayed here our understan 8. Hylaeus (Smith) 10 -- 15 10affinis 11 mm mm wood, plant stems, and soil. Increasingly, designers as well as spaces forThere coll ecology. 5 - 6 mm 'Ecological wi MINING BEE 9. ColletesBEE inequalis Say SWEAT an tecture - can concerned citizens 10. Andrena vicina Smithattempt to recreate the nesting requirements inhabiting 10 - rubicundus 13 mm 11. Halictus (Christ) displayed here our understan 10 - 15 mm 10 - 11in mmthe form of "bee hotels" for cavity nesting species spaces for coll of wild bees ecology. There MINING BEE SWEATto BEE inhabiting an in order 10. Andrena enhance vicina Smith pollinator numbers and pollination services. 11. Halictus rubicundus (Christ) displayed here - 15interpret mm When10 we the natural nesting conditions of wild bees spaces for coll 10 - 11 mm BEE analogues, like bee hotels, we can quickly lose sight intoSWEAT artificial 11. Halictus rubicundus (Christ) of ecological parameters. For example, artificial nests might 10 - 11 mm aggregate cavities in close proximity making the bees more vulnerable to parasites. As well, if nest placement, maintenance and site conditions are not carefully monitored, the nests can become homes for unintended species, including spiders, ants, earwigs, and many types of wasps (including many important ones!). Nest designs can also inadvertently impact sex ratios; for example, shorter nesting tubes in bee hotels can result in higher numbers of males. They can also create preferential nesting conditions for already common bees, or exotic ones which - if they increase in number - may out-compete native bees for resources. Conversely, specific species can be encouraged to nest through careful choice of materials and positioning ofON nests in ANALOGS the environment. --At the Daniels Faculty of Architecture, Landscape, and Design at the University of Toronto, the nesting requirements of In the greater Toronto area, there are more than 300 docume cavity-nesting bees, as well as those ofmore ground nestingof bees, with than two-thirds these bees ground-nesters. Wit on above-ground nesting, the Animal Architecture & were explored in the recent Animal focused Architecture & Biomimetic Geometries design studio focused on the animal architecture Geometries course in 2014. Students investigated key concepts structures sought out or made by animals in order to comple the nesting habitats of urban bees. and applied them to nesting habitat- ofdesigns of their own. A series 'Ecological in urban design - a function of prototyping exercises and reviews with awins' multidisciplinary array of integrating - can influence larger scale development, but their va of guests led to students executingtecture a 1:1 scale bee habitat analog. our understanding of biophysical processes that take place in ecology. There are countless examples of native, beneficial, an Using their work they further explored how nests and nest-building inhabiting and persisting, if not flourishing, alongside human patterns can establish design principles for new geometries, displayed here, both digitally and as analog models, are exam spaces for directions collaboration, between human and bee. material configurations and experimental in landscape architecture. The studio culminated with a collected exhibition at Grow Op 2015, held at the Gladstone Hotel in Toronto. 2015 vol. 17_no. 3 57

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Landscapes - Fall 2015

TO BEGIN WITH
WRITERS
AAPQ: 50 ANS DE CREATION
UPFRONT
EXCELLENCE 2015
NATIONAL HONOUR
NATIONAL MERIT
THE REGIONALS
ADJUDICATION
LACF-PRESENTS
GUELPH’S EVOLUTION
BEE HABITAT
LACF FUNDED RESEARCH: A CRITIQUE
THE LAST WORD

Landscapes - Fall 2015

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