Pest Perspectives - November/December 2015 - (Page 15)

feature The Advantage of Minimum Risk Pesticides By Kristin Nikodemski, Arborjet M any pesticides, if used improperly, can have unintended consequences such as harming the plant they were applied to protect or by killing beneficial insects and organisms. When a controlled environment, companion planting, or homemade remedies don't work, you may want to try a minimum risk pesticide. Conventional Pesticides vs. Minimum Risk Pesticides A pesticide is any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest - and will make claims of this on the label and advertising. Any substance falling within this definition of a pesticide must be registered by the Environmental Protection Agency | (EPA) before it can be legally sold or distributed in the U.S. Section 25(b) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) has determined a minimum risk pesticide does not require EPA registration because it poses little to no risk to human health or the environment. Individual states may still require registration of minimum risk pesticides. Even the most careful indoor gardeners can suffer from insect and disease problems with their plants. Minimum risk pesticides are made from natural ingredients that have proven over time to defend against insects and disease, making them an effective option for prevention and control that is non-toxic to humans. Minimum risk pesticides are generally a solution of botanical oils from herbs such as clove, thyme and rosemary. They work on contact by smothering and dehydrating insects and disease spores while providing a barrier preventing pest establishment. Things to Consider when Selecting a Minimum Risk Pesticide Safety and Use It is important to remember these products are still pesticides, and though their ingredients are naturally occurring, it does not mean all of them are suitable for consumption. Not all minimum risk pesticides are allowed for use on food crops. EPA regulations are very specific on which products are allowed and which are not. A product label should clearly list specific insects, diseases, and the crops they can be applied on. Pest Perspectives 15

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pest Perspectives - November/December 2015

Message from FPMA Headquarters staff
Indecent Exposure: Stories of Pesticide Exposure
presidential perspective
The Advantage of Minimum Risk Pesticides
Best Practices for Exterior Bait Stations
capitol concerns
marketing matters
operational excellence
FPMA corner
advertiser index

Pest Perspectives - November/December 2015