IIE Networker - Spring 2013 - (Page 17)

INTERVIEW SERIES An Interview with Aloizio Mercadante, Minister of Education, Government of Brazil Conducted by Allan E. Goodman, President and CEO, Institute of International Education ALOIZIO MERCADANTE BECAME Minister of Education of Brazil in 2012. Before that, he served as Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation. He has been instrumental in carrying out President Dilma Rousseff ’s plans for greater access and growth in higher education, including a new government initiative that grants 75,000 scholarships for the best students from Brazil to study abroad at higher education institutions around the world. IIE has partnered with the government of Brazil on this new project. President Allan E. Goodman recently spoke to Minister Mercadante about Brazil’s higher education initiatives. Aloizio Mercadante: One of Brazil’s primary goals is to grant more Brazilians access to undergraduate courses and higher education, which until recently was only for the elite. Actions aimed at increasing the number of vacancies in public and private higher education networks, as well as for vocational and technological education, will ensure better diversity in terms of access to undergraduate courses. In higher education, Brazil has seen an increase in the enrollment of young people between the ages of 18 and 24 from 7.3 percent in 2000 to 14.4 percent in 2009. Despite these advances, Brazil needs to continue to ensure that its population reaches a high level of education. The National Education Plan (PNE) was enacted to increase the gross and net enrollment rates in higher education. Through this plan, we are targeting a net enrollment increase of 30 percent of the young people aged between 18 and 24, or over four million students, by the year 2020. By 2021, Brazil’s national goal is to have a federal university campus in every town with over 100,000 inhabitants and a campus of a federal institute of education, science and technology in towns with over 50,000 people. AEG: Brazil’s Scientific Mobility Program provides scholarships to undergraduate and graduate students from Brazil for study in the United States and other countries, with a preference given to students in the science, technology, engineering and PHOTO COURTESY: VALTER CAMPANATO/ABR Allan E. Goodman: What are the primary goals that President Dilma Rousseff and your office have set for higher education in Brazil? mathematics (STEM) fields. Could you talk about the genesis of this program and its initial motivations and ambitions? AM: The program is a bold, integrated initiative for national development. The aim is to provide 75,000 scholarships for Brazilian students to study abroad with government funding by 2015, so that our best undergraduate and graduate students, as well as researchers, may engage with the world’s best universities, where innovation, entrepreneurship and competitiveness are already the standard. The scholarships will be provided in multiple formats, including sandwich-undergraduate, vocational, and technological education, and sandwichdoctorate, full-doctorate, and postdoctorate scholarships. In addition, the program aims to attract foreign researchers who want to live and research in Brazil and to create opportunity for researchers from companies to go abroad for expert training. The participation of large national companies in the program is strategic, as together they may contribute at least another 26,000 scholarships abroad. AEG: How did the Scientific Mobility Program emerge as the best course of action? What other interventions and strategies were under consideration? AM: The program was developed directly in response to Brazil’s need to catch up in global education and scientific knowledge production. The program promotes the consolidation, expansion, and internationalization of science, technology, and innovation, and Brazilian competitiveness through the exchange and international mobility of students, professors and researchers. 17 http://www.iie.org/iienetworker

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IIE Networker - Spring 2013

A Message from Allan E. Goodman
News
2013 IIE Andrew Heiskell Awards for Innovation in International Education
IIENetworker Minister of Education Interview Series
Higher Education and Diff erent Notions of Development
Advancing Development Through International Partnerships
Developing a Gender Studies Program in Georgia
Higher Education and Community Development
The University of Cologne’s Capacity-Building Project in Myanmar
Promoting International Development by Collaborating with Industry
International Development and Higher Education
Harnessing the Power of Women with Disabilities
Community College Global Partnerships Bring Local Benefi ts
Building vs. Being
Higher Education and Development through Cultural Relations
The Institute of International Education’s Work in Iraq and Myanmar
Re-Envisioning Internationalization
Advertisers Index

IIE Networker - Spring 2013

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