IIE Networker - Spring 2013 - (Page 40)
Community College Global Partnerships Bring Local Benefits
By Mary Beth Hartenstine
COMMUNITY COLLEGES HAVE been recognized as “democracy’s
colleges” and in many ways they can be viewed as a mechanism for
development within the United States. They often serve low-income
students and provide access to education to those who would be traditionally shut out of higher education. It is therefore not surprising
to see global interest in the community college model increasing as
developing nations try to cope with exploding youth demographics and
a lack of capacity to educate them. Exporting the community college
model—and its philosophies of access to education, inclusion, and
career pathways for individuals to support themselves—can in and of
itself be seen as a development objective in countries that are struggling
to find ways to educate their youth and provide stable employment for
their citizens. With the addition of the BS and BAS degrees at some
colleges, the appeal of community colleges is even further enhanced.
In fact, community colleges have been sought after to share this
model and have been solicited to apply for funding to create training
programs or new college systems all around the world. Community
Colleges for International Development (CCID) and its member colleges have been engaged in such capacity building efforts since it was
founded in 1976. In spite of this history, little has been published about
the type of work community colleges have engaged in, the impact of
the work, the areas where community colleges can be most successful,
or the reasons why.
colleges to provide training and technical assistance in these areas has
been acknowledged in multiple forms: bilateral education agreements
with Ministries of Education or Labor in countries seeking to develop
workforce training or community college systems; bilateral agreements with individual higher education institutions; grants from U.S.
government agencies such as the Bureau of South and Central Asian
Affairs and the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) at
the U.S. Department of State; grants from development agencies such
as USAID, Higher Education for Development (HED), and the InterAmerican Development Bank; and funding from foundations and from
private sector industries.
The Community College Model Has a Lot to Offer
In the global education arena, community colleges are typically
recognized initially for their ability to offer training in the skills that
developing countries need to build an effective workforce. There are
also many other facets to the community college model that have
captured interest from abroad including student-centered pedagogical
methods, business-industry partnerships informing curriculum, lifelong learning and adult education models, community engagement,
and credit transfer options. Over the years, the capability of community
Examples of Community Colleges Working Abroad
An international development project does not always need to be
grant funded. For example, a partnership between a team of CCID member colleges, Howard Community College (HCC), Delaware Technical
College (DTCC) and Northeast Wisconsin Technical College (NWTC)
and the Premier Nurses Training College (PNTC) in Kumasi, Ghana,
represents a different model. For this project, there has not been an
external source of funding; rather, the entire project has been implemented through small-scale fundraisers, small faculty development
grants, and the dedication of a few champions who are passionate
about the work.
In 2003, Premier Nurses Training College contacted CCID asking
for assistance from any interested community colleges in the United
States. CCID asked HCC in Columbia, MD, if they would be interested
and HCC answered by sending computers, nursing textbooks and a
child mannequin to PNTC. Over the next 9 years, HCC sent $1,000
raised by the Student Nurses’ Club, along with additional textbooks,
medical equipment, and computers.
In May 2009, nursing faculty from HCC, NWTC and DTCC accompanied Dr. Rebecca Mihelcic Chapman, CCID Team Coordinator for
PNTC, to Ghana to visit the nursing school and other medical facilities.
Students at Premier Nurses Training College in Kumasi, Ghana.
Mothers wait to have their children seen by nursing students in Ghana.
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IIE Networker - Spring 2013
A Message from Allan E. Goodman
2013 IIE Andrew Heiskell Awards for Innovation in International Education
IIENetworker Minister of Education Interview Series
Higher Education and Diff erent Notions of Development
Advancing Development Through International Partnerships
Developing a Gender Studies Program in Georgia
Higher Education and Community Development
The University of Cologne’s Capacity-Building Project in Myanmar
Promoting International Development by Collaborating with Industry
International Development and Higher Education
Harnessing the Power of Women with Disabilities
Community College Global Partnerships Bring Local Benefi ts
Building vs. Being
Higher Education and Development through Cultural Relations
The Institute of International Education’s Work in Iraq and Myanmar
IIE Networker - Spring 2013
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