Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 61

One of the first 747s for Pan Am alongside a 707, emphasizing the enormous leap of the first "jumbo jet." Even the tractor was jumbo size. Photo: Boeing Images. heading out to sea. And, of course, Pan Am's new double-deckers would be named "Clippers" just like the old flying boats. But Boeing had a tough time making a business case for Mr. Trippe's double-decker. Moreover, back in 1963 the U.S. government began to fund a competition to develop an American supersonic transport that had to be bigger and faster than the British/French Concorde already in development and which had been ordered by Pan Am, among others. With that, everyone "just knew" that the stretched DC-8s and the new, hopedfor Boeing double-decker 707 would very quickly be rendered obsolete as soon as Concordes and U.S. SSTs began to arrive in the 1970s. All long-haul travel would obviously go on the supersonics. Boeing "just knew" they would be lucky to sell even 100 of the stodgy double-deckers, so it was essential that any production beyond the 100 be freighter variants; otherwise the program made no economic sense at all. Trouble was the double-decker 707 would be a lousy freighter, capable of carrying only ordinary pallets and half of them being loaded and unloaded some 25 or 30 feet above the ground. As carefully and diplomatically as possible, Boeing broke the news to Mr. Trippe that he could not have his double-decker with the two rows of portholes. Instead of being built high, it had to be built wide. And even then, after the first batch was delivered, we "just knew," of course, the production of the new airplane would have to switch to the freighter variant. Starting Over, Again Back at the factory, we engineers with our slide rules went through countless iterations of the size and configuration of the new concept. In effect, we were now Current production Boeing 747-8i, showing the long extension of the upper passenger deck. Photo: Google Images. designing a freighter, with some of the first deliveries to be passenger variants. The freighter would need to be a noseloader, so the cockpit had to either go up high or down low. The "down low" cockpit option under the nose didn't gain much traction, but it made for some interesting sketches. The cockpit looked like the gondola under an airship; great for looking forward and downward from the cockpit, but it was a non-starter if you worried about a wheels-up landing or ditching. So the "up high" option won and the airplane got its iconic hump. In our aerodynamics group we estimated the lift and drag and payload-range capability, pushed for a cruise speed of Mach 0.9 and prepared performance guarantees for the sales department to take to the customer airlines. Soon, orders were in hand and the program was launched and given its name "747." Boeing agreed to deliver the first one to Pan Am in just 28 months. All that needed to be done now was to build the world's largest factory, manufacture the biggest airplane in that factory, find engines for it and get the whole thing certificated. Thousands of engineers were hired to design and test every single piece, large or small, that would go into the new airplane. Almost nothing from nose to tail was available off the shelf anywhere. At Last, Juan Trippe's Double-Deckers Boeing initially envisioned the empty space behind the 747's cockpit might be used for a crew rest area on long flights, but Pan Am chose to use the space for the passengers. Thus was reborn the spiral staircase and a small dining lounge on the upper deck for the first 747-100s. The The best and most authoritative account of the Boeing 747's development is the book simply titled 747, written by Joe Sutter, my one-time boss and chief engineer in charge of the program from the very beginning. Joe Sutter also appears in the two-hour documentary 747: The Jumbo Revolution, replayed from time to time since 2015 on the Smithsonian cable channel. Joe, by then long retired, appears on screen, providing some pithy commentary. lounge had only three small windows on each side and for evacuation considerations the lounge could not be occupied during takeoffs or landings. On later 747-100s, more upper-deck windows were added and soon the space could be used for takeoffs and landings. With the introduction of the 747-200s and -300s, the upper deck was extended further aft for even more passenger seating space. The current production version, the 747-8i, is a stretched model with even more passenger seating on both decks. Had he lived to see it, Pan Am's Juan Trippe would be happy that his wish for a true double-decker with two rows of portholes was finally granted. Post Scripts The U.S. government's supersonic transport program, launched by President Kennedy as a competition in 1963 and awarded to Boeing in 1967, was expected to displace all other jet aircraft on longhaul international routes. Funding for the program was canceled in 1971 when it was clear that the technology simply wasn't ready. With that, the way was clear for the 747 program to live on for at least another 50 years. Jetrader * Autumn 2016 61

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Jetrader - Autumn 2016

A Message from the President
Calendar/News
Q&A: Mike Williams, Jetaire Group
Wish Upon a Star
Sunshine, Rain and Mixed Feelings
ISTAT’s 2016 Farnborough Airshow Chalet and Reception Continue to Achieve Record Attendance
Legal Status of Aircraft Engines and Effects on Financing and Leasing Transactions
Survival of the Fittest
Weathering Economic Gusts: Copa Airlines’ Pedro Heilbron Advocates Flexibility and Smart Growth
5 Places to Visit While Attending the ISTAT Latin America Forum
From the ISTAT Photo Archives
From the Jetrader Editorial Archives
Aviation History
Aircraft Appraisals
ISTAT Foundation
Advertiser Index
Advertiser.com
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - cover1
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - cover2
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 3
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 4
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 5
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 6
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - A Message from the President
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 8
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 9
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - Calendar/News
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 11
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - Q&A: Mike Williams, Jetaire Group
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 13
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 14
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 15
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - Wish Upon a Star
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 17
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - Sunshine, Rain and Mixed Feelings
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 19
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 20
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 21
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 22
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 23
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - ISTAT’s 2016 Farnborough Airshow Chalet and Reception Continue to Achieve Record Attendance
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 25
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 26
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 27
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 28
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 29
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 30
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 31
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - Legal Status of Aircraft Engines and Effects on Financing and Leasing Transactions
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 33
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 34
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 35
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 36
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 37
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - Survival of the Fittest
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 39
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 40
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 41
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 42
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 43
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - Weathering Economic Gusts: Copa Airlines’ Pedro Heilbron Advocates Flexibility and Smart Growth
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 45
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 5 Places to Visit While Attending the ISTAT Latin America Forum
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 47
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 48
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 49
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - From the ISTAT Photo Archives
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 51
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 52
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 53
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - From the Jetrader Editorial Archives
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 55
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 56
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 57
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - Aviation History
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 59
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 60
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 61
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 62
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - Aircraft Appraisals
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 64
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 65
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - ISTAT Foundation
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 67
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - 68
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - Advertiser Index
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - Advertiser.com
Jetrader - Autumn 2016 - cover3
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