STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 12

n

RETAIL POLITICS

New Supreme Court Case Could
Change Rules on Internet Sales Tax
Retailers are waiting to hear whether the
U.S. Supreme Court will take up a new
case that could potentially overturn its
landmark ruling that online sellers can only
be required to collect sales tax in states
where they have a physical presence.
"One of NRF's top priorities is to ensure
that all of our members are treated fairly
and equitably when it comes to sales tax
collection," NRF Senior Vice President and
General Counsel Stephanie Martz said.
"We are hopeful that the court will agree
to review this critical issue and replace its
catalog-age ruling with one that reflects
the realities of the internet age."
In November, NRF filed a friend-of-thecourt brief saying that the court's 1992
ruling in Quill Corp. v. North Dakota is
out of date and that sales tax collection
is no longer the burden it might once
have been. The brief was filed in an
appeal brought by the state of South

J Main/Shutterstock.com

Dakota, which is asking the justices to
overturn a state Supreme Court ruling
against a 2016 state law requiring online
merchants with more than $100,000 in
sales or 200 transactions with South Dakota
residents to collect sales tax.
The state Supreme Court based its
decision on Quill, which said online sellers
can only be required to collect in states
where they have a physical presence such
as a store, office or warehouse.

Part of the U.S. Supreme Court's
rationale in 1992 was that there are more
than 7,000 state and local jurisdictions
across the country with sales taxes, and
the regulations are too complex for a seller
to know what to charge unless they do
business locally. But NRF argued in its brief
that technology has made that concern
obsolete, citing a wide variety of software
available to automatically calculate the tax
owed. Many online sellers already collect
sales tax from customers in multiple states,
either voluntarily or because they have the
physical presence that requires them to do
so, NRF said.
NRF said online sellers who don't have
to collect sales tax have an unfair price
advantage over local retailers who do have
to collect. NRF-backed legislation requiring
online sellers to collect regardless of physical
presence has been pending in Congress for
15 years but has failed to win passage.

NRF Backs Mexican Trucks Under NAFTA
As negotiators work to modernize the
North American Free Trade Agreement,
NRF is asking that they preserve a
provision that allows Mexican truck
drivers hauling retail merchandise
and other cargo to operate in the
United States.
"We depend on the trucking industry,
both American and Mexican, to safely
and efficiently haul our products in both
countries," NRF said in a letter to U.S.
Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer.
"Eliminating NAFTA trucking ... would
have a long-term negative impact on our
businesses."
NRF organized the letter, which
was signed by more than 100 trade
associations representing retail,
manufacturing, agriculture and other
industries.
Under NAFTA, Mexican trucks are
normally limited to operating only

12

STORES January 2018

Roman Korotkov/Shutterstock.com

within the U.S.-Mexican commercial
zone that extends about 20 miles from
the border. But under a pilot program
established in 2011, about three dozen
Mexican trucking companies are allowed
to go farther, although still within a
limited range.
Allowing Mexican truckers to travel
beyond the commercial zone has helped
ease congestion at the border, "creating
more efficiency through the system,"
NRF said.

U.S. labor unions have called for
an end to the program, arguing that
Mexico's safety regulations for trucks
and drivers are not as strict as those
in the United States. But NRF said
participating Mexican carriers "have an
excellent safety record," are selected on
a case-by-case basis and must adhere to
all U.S. laws and regulations.
Trade officials from the United States,
Mexico and Canada have conducted
a series of negotiating rounds since
last August in an attempt to update
the 24-year-old trade agreement, and
talks are scheduled to continue through
March. NRF has said some provisions
need to be "updated and modernized to
reflect today's business environment"
including issues such as digital trade,
but that the priority in negotiations
should be to "do no harm" to the
existing pact.

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of STORES Magazine - January 2018

Editor’s Page
President’s Page
Retail Politics
NRF News
TRENDS
Retail People
Disruption Is the New Normal in Retail
20 Ideas Worth Stealing
Drug Store Cowboy
C2W
TECHNOLOGY
WORKFORCE MANAGEMENT
OMNICHANNEL
AI
MARKETING
FINANCE
BUSINESS OPERATIONS
STARTUP SPOTLIGHT
SECURITY
HUMAN RESOURCES
POV
Communities
End Cap
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - intro
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - cover1
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - cover2
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 3
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 4
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 5
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - Editor’s Page
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 7
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - President’s Page
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 9
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 10
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 11
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - Retail Politics
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - NRF News
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - TRENDS
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 15
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 16
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 17
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 18
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 19
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - Retail People
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 21
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - Disruption Is the New Normal in Retail
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 23
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 24
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 25
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 20 Ideas Worth Stealing
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 27
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 28
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 29
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 30
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 31
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 32
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 33
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 34
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 35
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - Drug Store Cowboy
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 37
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 38
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 39
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - C2W
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - TECHNOLOGY
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 42
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 43
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - WORKFORCE MANAGEMENT
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 45
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - OMNICHANNEL
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 47
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - AI
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 49
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - MARKETING
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 51
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - FINANCE
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 53
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - BUSINESS OPERATIONS
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 55
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - STARTUP SPOTLIGHT
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 57
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - SECURITY
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 59
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 60
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - HUMAN RESOURCES
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 62
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - 63
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - POV
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - Communities
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - End Cap
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - cover3
STORES Magazine - January 2018 - cover4
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