Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 16


the nanoscale, uses so little energy it can
run off a store-bought battery. A 3.0 volt
electrical charge is applied to the plastic
water chip, which has a microchannel with
two branches. This reaction creates an "ion
depletion zone" with an embedded electrode
that neutralizes chloride ions, thus redirecting
the salts in the water down one channel,
while the fresh water goes down another.
Currently, the technology purifies just one
nanoliter at a time and only has a 25 percent
efficiency rate, but a small startup called
Okeanos Technologies has been tapped to
improve and then scale up the process.

"We have contemplated building a
small system that would look like a soda
machine and would operate in a standalone
fashion to produce enough water for a small
village," Tony Frudakis, head of Okeanos,
said in a statement.

A new type of membrane
The latest in membrane technology
could be as close as the pencil on your
desk. Baoxia Mi, an environmental engineer
at the University of California - Berkeley has
worked on developing a more cost-effective
and efficient membrane for water

GF Piping Systems
Of Course: Pipe, Valves, Fittings... Plus

Measurement & Control
* Flow
* pH/ORP
* Conductivity
* Pressure
* Temperature
* Level
* Turbidity
* Chlorine
* Dissolved Oxygen

purification using tiny layers of graphene
oxide, a compound derived from graphite.
The layers, 100,000 times thinner than
a strand of human hair, are separated by
spaces specifically designed to remove
certain contaminants. By playing with
the spacing between the layers, these
filters could potentially remove any water
contaminant. These "nano filters" are
currently in development but could be
commercially available in a few years.

Looking ahead
While these technologies are a good
starting point, the demand for solutions
to the world's water problems remains.
However, the path from idea to fruition can
be difficult to navigate. To this end, there's
been a rise in innovation accelerators that
foster technological innovation through
mentorship, workshops and capital
investments. The CleanTech Open, for
example, has launched a new program,
CTO-H2O. It's a six-month accelerator
program that supports water-technology
startups and helps them get to market. This
year, the organization expects to support 30
startups through the program.
The U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency's grant program has also awarded
hundreds of thousands of dollars to support
research projects that aim to fix our nation's
water problems. One example is a $329,650
award for research into the microbial risk
and sustainability of potable reuse systems.
By examining the risks associated with
various treatment plans currently in place,
the research is intended to demonstrate
that planned potable reuse offers a safe
and sustainable alternative to conventional
drinking water practices.
And there are many more projects on the
horizon, proving that a little outside-the-box
thinking can go a long way to solving the
world water crisis. ●
About the Author: Alanna Maya is the
assistant editor for WaterWorld and Industrial
WaterWorld magazines. Reach her at
alannam@pennwell.com.
This article was reprinted with the permission
of WaterWorld magazine.

9271 Jeronimo Road, Irvine, CA 92618
Phone (714) 731-8800, Toll Free (800) 854-4090
e-mail: us.ps@georgfischer.com * www.gfps.com

16

THIRD QUARTER 2016

753238_GFPiping.indd 1

References
1 United States Census Bureau Estimates.
(2015). United States and World Population Clock.

17/06/15 1:35 AM


http://www.gfpiping.com http://www.gfps.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016

The Latest Drinking Water Innovations
Potable Reuse of Water: A View from Arizona
Getting the Public on Board with Your Potable Water Reuse Plan
Recapturing Revenue from Water Loss
Water Depletion and the Customer
Boardroom Courtesy
From the President
Finance: Audit Requirements
Technology: The New System that Uses Sound to Alleviate Water Shortage
Emergency Management: Creating a Drought Response Plan
A Day in the Life of a Circuit Rider
Regulatory Update
Throwing My Loop: An Old Familiar Tune
Index to Advertisers/ Advertisers.com
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - cover1
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - cover2
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 3
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 4
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 5
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 6
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 7
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 8
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 9
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 10
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - From the President
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - The Latest Drinking Water Innovations
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 13
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 14
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 15
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 16
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 17
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Potable Reuse of Water: A View from Arizona
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 19
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 20
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 21
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Getting the Public on Board with Your Potable Water Reuse Plan
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 23
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 24
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 25
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Recapturing Revenue from Water Loss
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 27
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 28
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 29
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 30
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Finance: Audit Requirements
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 32
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 33
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 34
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Technology: The New System that Uses Sound to Alleviate Water Shortage
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 36
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Emergency Management: Creating a Drought Response Plan
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 38
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 39
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - A Day in the Life of a Circuit Rider
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 41
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 42
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Water Depletion and the Customer
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 44
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Boardroom Courtesy
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 46
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 47
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Regulatory Update
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 49
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 50
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Throwing My Loop: An Old Familiar Tune
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 52
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 53
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Index to Advertisers/ Advertisers.com
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 55
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 56
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 57
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 58
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - cover3
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - cover4
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