Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 38


the drought stages. A trigger could be
defined as reservoir or groundwater well
levels dropping a number of feet within
a certain time period or to a specific
water level.
* Water Use Reduction Goals. Reduction
goals can be expressed as percentage
reductions from "normal" use or as
reductions of a specific quantity in acrefeet or million gallons per day (MGD).
o Have a clear understanding of what
"normal" use is and update this
definition at least every five years.
o Monitor water use frequently to see
if reduction goals are being met and
adjust the plan as necessary. You may
want to read meters of key customers
or large water users more frequently
to track their usage and ability to meet
reduction goals during the drought.
* Water Use Restrictions. Restrictions
are often designed to first reduce or
eliminate nonessential uses such as
outdoor watering, followed by more
severe restrictions, as necessary.
o Some utilities establish a per-person
or per-household allocation (gallons

38800660_GE.indd
THIRD QUARTER
1

2016

per month), allowing customers to
determine how they want to reduce
their use to meet the allocation.
Consider adding customer variance
or appeal provisions for special
circumstances.
o Understand what your utility
can achieve from certain water
restrictions. If outdoor water use
has gone down over the last decade,
the potential savings from outdoor
water use restrictions will need to be
reduced from previous projections.
o There is usually a time lag of a few
months from when mandatory
restrictions are announced and when
customers actually reduce their
water use. Factor this into your plan.
* Enforcement Provisions. Drought
restrictions can be enforced
through educational warnings, code
enforcement citations, police tickets,
fines, fees, surcharges and water
service disconnections.
o Verify enforcement procedures with
legal staff, as some states may have
statutory limits on allowed methods.

After the drought
* Revise your drought response
plan based on lessons learned,
considering the following:
o Did the drought stages, triggers
and demand reduction measures
achieve the anticipated results?
o Were the demand reduction
measures too prescriptive, or
did they not provide enough
direction to customers?
* Incorporate drought resilience plans
or projects into multiyear capital
improvement plans and budgets.
* Conduct a debriefing with utility
staff and partners shortly after
the drought to discuss the
effectiveness of and improvements
to response activities. ‚óŹ
Information in this article was
provided by the EPA Drought
Response and Recovery Guide.
For more information, go to https://
www.epa.gov/waterutilityresponse/
drought-response-and-recovery-guidewater-utilities.

09/03/16 11:57 pm


http://www.epa.gov/waterutilityresponse/ http://www.geinstruments.com http://www.geinstruments.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016

The Latest Drinking Water Innovations
Potable Reuse of Water: A View from Arizona
Getting the Public on Board with Your Potable Water Reuse Plan
Recapturing Revenue from Water Loss
Water Depletion and the Customer
Boardroom Courtesy
From the President
Finance: Audit Requirements
Technology: The New System that Uses Sound to Alleviate Water Shortage
Emergency Management: Creating a Drought Response Plan
A Day in the Life of a Circuit Rider
Regulatory Update
Throwing My Loop: An Old Familiar Tune
Index to Advertisers/ Advertisers.com
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - cover1
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - cover2
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 3
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 4
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 5
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 6
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 7
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 8
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 9
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 10
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - From the President
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - The Latest Drinking Water Innovations
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 13
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 14
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 15
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 16
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 17
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Potable Reuse of Water: A View from Arizona
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 19
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 20
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 21
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Getting the Public on Board with Your Potable Water Reuse Plan
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 23
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 24
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 25
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Recapturing Revenue from Water Loss
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 27
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 28
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 29
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 30
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Finance: Audit Requirements
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 32
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 33
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 34
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Technology: The New System that Uses Sound to Alleviate Water Shortage
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 36
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Emergency Management: Creating a Drought Response Plan
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 38
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 39
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - A Day in the Life of a Circuit Rider
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 41
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 42
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Water Depletion and the Customer
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 44
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Boardroom Courtesy
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 46
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 47
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Regulatory Update
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 49
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 50
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Throwing My Loop: An Old Familiar Tune
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 52
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 53
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - Index to Advertisers/ Advertisers.com
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 55
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 56
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 57
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - 58
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - cover3
Rural Water - Quarter 3, 2016 - cover4
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