Interchange - Summer 2018 - 44

continued from page 40
disruptive to their citizens. These
relocation proposals are often driven
by proximity concerns - including
road traffic, noise and vibration -
and suggest that all stakeholders
will benefit from relocating a rail
line. However, these claims are
generally speculative and don't
consider the impact on customers

and neighbouring communities.
Municipalities that inherit railway
operations will face similar challenges.
Some rail relocation projects are
driven by railway companies. For
example, railways may outgrow their
footprint, or existing rail facilities
may no longer be suitable for
upgrading or expansion. In these

cases, railways will explore relocation,
often in conjunction with other
major transportation infrastructure
developments. However, whether
driven by railways or municipalities,
rail companies will only modify their
infrastructure after a comprehensive
analysis, and if the changes don't
negatively affect customer service. ■

BACKGROUND
Rail relocation is the practice of moving rail lines and
facilities out of urban areas. In all cases, it is an extremely
complex and costly process that involves numerous
stakeholders. Railways rely on their massive infrastructure
to provide safe and efficient service in a competitive
marketplace. In cases where existing rail facilities may
not be suitable for upgrading or expansion, railways will
explore relocation. However, railways will not commit to
relocations that in any way impair their ability to serve
their customers.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Is relocation a reality?
The simple answer is "yes." In Canada, there is federal
legislation designed to facilitate the relocation of rail lines
or the rerouting of rail traffic in urban areas. The Railway
Relocation and Crossing Act (RRCA), administered by
the Canadian Transportation Agency, references the
complexity and cost of rail relocation, and the need
for railways to maintain cost-effective service to their
customers. In all cases, rail relocation requires a sound
plan and robust funding.
Who plans and pays for rail relocation?
A common principle is that every stakeholder who
benefits from a rail relocation project will pay their fair
share of the expense, which is significant for all parties.
Municipalities promoting rail relocation to address
proximity concerns are often the major beneficiaries of the
initiative and will be expected to assume a proportionate
percentage of the total costs. Railways will contribute, but
only in proportion to their net benefit. The percentage
that each stakeholder will pay is usually determined by

44

Interchange | Summer / Été 2018

negotiation. Because of the major costs involved, the
negotiation process can be long and onerous.
Is funding available to support rail relocation?
The federal government has funding available for a
proportion of relocation expenditures, but not for the
entire project. The RRCA states that other levels of
government are responsible for a substantial share of
the overall cost. The Canada Transportation Act review
report recommends that the federal government facilitate
the relocation of rail lines or the rerouting of rail traffic in
urban areas.
DID YOU KNOW?
* When a railway company relocates all or part of a
facility, the rail line often remains active and train traffic
continues on that track.
* The Canadian Transportation Agency provides a
mechanism to try to resolve relocation issues, and
can order railways to take certain measures under
the RRCA. See the helpful resource tool at bit.ly/
RailRelocation for more information.
* The Agency has the authority to order a rail line to
be moved, but only at no net cost to the railway. The
process is described in the RRCA.
Examples of costs paid for by the major beneficiaries of
rail relocation projects:
* Land expropriation
* Rezoning
* Environmental assessments and remediation
* Feasibility studies
* Unforeseen issues
* Physical defences (berms, fences, crossings)

©ISTOCK.COM/URSA MAJOR

RAIL RELOCATION IN CANADA



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Interchange - Summer 2018

President’s Message
Capital Improvements
Sustainable Investing
The Smart Choice
Rail Relocation 101
Rail-Government Interface 2018
Index to Advertisers
Interchange - Summer 2018 - Intro
Interchange - Summer 2018 - bellyband1
Interchange - Summer 2018 - bellyband2
Interchange - Summer 2018 - cover1
Interchange - Summer 2018 - cover2
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 3
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 4
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 5
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 6
Interchange - Summer 2018 - President’s Message
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 8
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 9
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 10
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 11
Interchange - Summer 2018 - Capital Improvements
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 13
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 14
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 15
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 16
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 17
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 18
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 19
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 20
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 21
Interchange - Summer 2018 - Sustainable Investing
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 23
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 24
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 25
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 26
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 27
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 28
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 29
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 30
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 31
Interchange - Summer 2018 - The Smart Choice
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 33
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 34
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 35
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 36
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 37
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 38
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 39
Interchange - Summer 2018 - Rail Relocation 101
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 41
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 42
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 43
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 44
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 45
Interchange - Summer 2018 - Rail-Government Interface 2018
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 47
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 48
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 49
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 50
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 51
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 52
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 53
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 54
Interchange - Summer 2018 - Index to Advertisers
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 56
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 57
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 58
Interchange - Summer 2018 - cover3
Interchange - Summer 2018 - cover4
Interchange - Summer 2018 - outsert1
Interchange - Summer 2018 - outsert2
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 63
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 64
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 65
Interchange - Summer 2018 - 66
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