Streamline - Fall 2013 - (Page 21)

Source Water Protection Notes found many of Virginia’s rivers near flood stage and flowing a brown color following higher than normal seasonal rainfall amounts. While the rains provide much needed water, they also wash a variety of pollutants from the landscape into streams. Surface runoff carries varying amounts of sediment along with a flush of fecal bacteria, nitrates and phosphorus, pesticides, trace metals, road salts, antifreeze, petroleum products, etc., that can affect drinking water supplies. Such contamination from runoff is generally referred to as nonpoint source (NPS) pollution and is a leading cause of water quality problems. INDEPENDENCE DAY 2013 BY JOEY FAGAN, SOURCE WATER PROTECTION SPECIALIST The Commonwealth of Virginia has in place a set of laws and regulations that are typically administered by localities throughout the state, that deal with stormwater and erosion and sediment control issues due to construction activities. The Commonwealth of Virginia has in place a set of laws and regulations that are typically administered by localities throughout the state, that deal with stormwater and erosion and sediment control issues due to construction activities. It should be noted that the regulatory programs for erosion and sediment control, the Chesapeake Bay Act, and stormwater management that were managed by the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) are to be handled by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), effective July 1, 2013. (www.deq.virginia.gov/Programs/Water/ StormwaterManagement.aspx) A number of programs exist to help landowners minimize nonpoint source pollution impacts. DCR provides resources to provide for the more efficient use of both urban and agricultural nutrients from fertilizers, manure, biosolids, and other sources while working to prevent impairments to the quality of surface water as well as ground water. DCR nutrient management staff in various regional offices provides direct technical assistance to farmers through education and outreach and by developing site-specific nutrient management plans for individual landowners. A Virginia tax credit program exists to encourage the purchase of more precise farm nutrient and pesticide application equipment that meets state specifications and to develop a nutrient management plan. (www.dcr.virginia.gov/water_quality/ nutmgt.shtml) Virginia farmers have a variety of available programs to draw on to pay for projects that reduce water quality impacts. The Virginia Agricultural BMP (Best Management Practice) Cost-Share Program provides more than $1 million annually from DCR to address significant agricultural water quality issues in priority watersheds. Funding is often available for such practices as fence construction to exclude cattle from streams, establishing alternate water supplies for livestock, and establishment of forested riparian buffers along streams. Landowners may apply for funds by contacting their local Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD). Forty-seven SWCDs serve 99 percent of the state. (www.dcr. virginia.gov/water_quality/swcds.shtml). Many SWCDs are co-located in US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Service Centers across Virginia with the offices of the Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) and the Farm Service Agency (FSA). Various programs designed to improve water quality are administered through NRCS including the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP), a Federal program providing financial and technical assistance to improve soil, water, air, etc. on agricultural and non-industrial forestland. The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), administered by FSA, provides farmers who remove environmentally sensitive land from agricultural production and plant species that will improve environmental health and quality with an annual rental payment. Information on these and other programs are available through local USDA Service Centers and SWCD offices. (www. nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/site/va/home and www.fsa.usda.gov/va) It remains important to protect our surface and ground water resources in spite of the economic challenges that confront us. Significant improvements to source water quality may be achieved by providing information and guidance to citizens and local businesses about available programs that serve to reduce nonpoint source pollution. www.vrwa.org 21 http://www.dcr.virginia.gov/water_quality/swcds.shtml http://www.deq.virginia.gov/Programs/Water/StormwaterManagement.aspx http://nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/site/va/home http://www.dcr.virginia.gov/water_quality/nutmgt.shtml http://www.fsa.usda.gov/va http://www.vrwa.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Streamline - Fall 2013

From the President
From the Executive Director
Acronyms – Today’s Language
Drought or Flood?
Can Changing Your Plant Lighting Save You Money?
Source Water Protection Notes
Aging and Failing Infrastructure
Time for Some R&R
EXPO Coverage and Recap
Ergs, Joules and Other Stuff
Wastewater Math
Throwing My Loop
eLearning Benefi ts
Membership Application
Do You Know What Your VRWA Benefi ts Are
Welcome New Members
VRWA Mailbag
Board of Directors
VRWA Committees
Index to Advertisers/Ad.com

Streamline - Fall 2013

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