American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 58

◗

A Mid-Century Affair

Top, left and right:
China balls were
regularly used to
illuminate
interiors with
Therese and Carol.
Bottom: For night
scenes in cars,
gaffer John
DeBlau and his
crew rigged 250watt bulbs on
wooden battens
attached to a
speed-rail frame
that was placed
on the process
trailer.

the glass used during that era," the cinematographer notes. "My preference is
not to use any diffusion on Super 16.
Besides, I was often filming through
windows and reflections, which became
my diffusion."
Combining the two formats
meant the filmmakers could take
advantage of Super 16mm's increased
depth of field for a comparable field of
view relative to 35mm film, as well as
58

December 2015

using the center of the spherical 35mmformat lenses where the performance of
the lens is optimal. Also, Lachman
notes, "the markings on 35mm lenses
are easier for the assistant to use." The
result is a vivid and tactile image, with
an almost three-dimensional sense of
texture, and when seen on a large
screen, the grain structure has a strong
impressionistic quality.
Principal photography was
American Cinematographer

conducted entirely on location in and
around Cincinnati, Ohio. "Much of the
architecture in Cincinnati still references
that time period, which was great for
us," says Lachman, highlighting another
contrast between this film and Far From
Heaven, "in which we were creating a
studio-back-lot world, a world of artifice, in real locations. In Carol we
wanted to play off of the existing environment to create a naturalism in that
period of time."
In collaborating with his longtime gaffer, John DeBlau, Lachman
worked with the environments, implementing what existed in order to establish a form of naturalism. The first step
was often to start with the backgrounds
and then work toward the camera, especially for the film's night exteriors.
"How we light the environment
determines how we will light the
actors," says DeBlau. "I think I do it that
way because when I started out as an
electrician, I was always down the block
with the lights. Another thing I've
learned is that if you light the actors



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of American Cinematographer - December 2015

Contents
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - Cover1
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - Cover2
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 1
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 2
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - Contents
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 4
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 5
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 6
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 7
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 8
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 9
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 11
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 12
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 14
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 15
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 17
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 18
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 19
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 20
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 25
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 27
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 28
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 29
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 34
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 35
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 37
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 38
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 39
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 40
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 42
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 43
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 45
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 50
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 55
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 57
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 58
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 59
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 60
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 63
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 73
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 103
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 104
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 108
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 109
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 110
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 111
American Cinematographer - December 2015 - 112
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American Cinematographer - December 2015 - Cover4
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