American Gas - November 2013 - (Page 22)

U.S. Secretary of Energy ErnEst Moniz discusses the role of natural gas in America's lower-carbon future profile ThE ChAnging EnErgy LAndSCApE Confirmed in May as the 13th Secretary of Energy, Ernest Moniz, Ph.D., is tasked with "growing the economy, enhancing security, and protecting the environment," according to the Department of Energy website. Moniz brings a long history in energy technology to his new role. Since 1973 he has been a faculty member at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, currently as the Cecil and Ida Green Professor, emeritus, of physics and engineering systems. He was also founding director of the MIT Energy Initiative and the MIT Laboratory for Energy and the Environment. He previously served as under secretary of the Department of Energy and as associate director for Science in the Office of Science and Technology Policy. American Gas: You've said that natural gas is a bridge to a lower-carbon future. How does natural gas fit into your vision for a more energy-efficient America? Secretary Moniz: Natural gas, and shale gas especially, has changed the energy landscape profoundly. We see that in both increased production and lower energy bills for industry and consumers. We also see an important contribution to expanded manufacturing from low-cost natural gas and natural gas liquids. In addition, the market-driven substitution of natural gas for coal has been a major contributor to our lower CO2 emissions. Looking forward, demand manage- ment, energy efficiency, and the continued expansion of natural gas utilization are important parts of heading toward a lower-carbon future. In the longer term, decades from now, if we're going to have the very-low-carbon future many of us think we need, then natural gas will also require some degree of carbon capture and sequestration. AG: Some observers say low-cost natural gas is displacing energy sources such as nuclear and renewables. Does that threaten the president's idea of an "allof-the-above" energy policy? Moniz: The president and I remain committed to the all-of-the-above policy. Wind and solar have doubled in the past few years, and we expect a further doubling. We've seen very large deployments and dramatic cost reductions in onshore wind, photovoltaics, LED lighting, and vehicle batteries. These technologies are moving into the marketplace very rapidly, and I expect the deployment of renewables will continue to be robust. The nuclear situation is more complicated. We've seen several plants close or announce closures. In the short term, lower natural gas prices have been one contributor to some of the nuclear plant shutdowns. On the other hand, we have five nuclear plants under construction in the U.S., and we have $450 million committed to moving small modular reactors to their design certification and licensing phase. This is a very promising technology for the future, if it can be demonstrated at a good cost point. AG: What are the most promising new energy technologies? Moniz: Wind, solar, and LED lighting will all be important contributors. For technologies like solar and LEDs, it hasn't been widely recognized that they are already at a very competitive cost point for many applications. In a very short time, the cost of an LED dropped from $50 to $15. When you fold in the 25x increase in lifespan compared to a 60-watt incandescent, over its lifetime an LED will save the consumer $100. Another area that's critical in the relatively near term for coal and natural gas is carbon capture and sequestration, and the potential use of CO2 in enhanced oil recovery. We have eight major projects being funded to develop this technology and drive down costs. I see no reason why we can't have the same strong innovation and cost reduction for novel carbon capture as we have seen in technologies such as solar and LEDs. AG: How important is hydraulic fracturing to meeting the nation's energy goals? Moniz: Hydraulic fracturing has opened up these unconventional resources for Photogra P hy by adam auel 22 AmericAn GAs november 2013

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of American Gas - November 2013

American Gas - November 2013
Contents
President’s Message
Subject Index
Head Start: On Energy Education
Digest
Issues
Updates
By the Numbers
Need to Know
Places
The Wheels on the Bus...
California
Michigan
Michigan
New Jersey
Long Island
Fueling the Future
U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz
A Tight Ship
Expanding the Reach of the Gas Infrastructure
Company Profiles
Jobs
Marketplace
Headway

American Gas - November 2013

http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/20151201
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201411
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/20140809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201407
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201406
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201405
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201404
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201403
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201402
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/20141201
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/20130809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201307
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201306
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201305
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201304
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201303
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201302
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/20131201
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201211
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201210
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201208
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201207
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201206
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201205
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201204
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201202
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201108
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201107
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201106
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201105
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201104
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201103
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201102
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201012
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201010
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201008
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201007
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201006
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201005
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201004
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aga/201003
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com