American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 32

Keystone Pipeline Delayed, Not Derailed
By Bill Campbell WASHINGTON–In the days following the U.S. State Department’s announcement that it was postponing a decision on the Keystone XL crude oil pipeline, it began to appear the action more likely would delay than derail the project. The State Department announced on Nov. 10 that it needed to assess alternative routes through Nebraska before concluding its national interest determination on whether Keystone XL should be granted a presidential permit. The announcement indicated the process likely would take at least until first quarter 2013. There was immediate speculation about whether the delay might actually doom the project. Press reports noted an earlier statement by TransCanada Corp. Chief Executive Officer Russ Girling that any delay could “seriously jeopardize” Keystone XL, and Canadian Finance Minister Jim Flaherty was quoted responding to the State Department’s announcement by saying Canada “may have to move quickly to ensure we can export our oil to Asia.” But TransCanada quickly affirmed its commitment to the project. Girling responded to the State Department’s announcement with the statement, “This project is too important to the U.S. economy, the Canadian economy and the national interest of the United States for it not to proceed.” And a Washington-based political newspaper, The Hill, quoted Alberta Premier Alison Redford as insisting that Canada’s plans to sell oil to Asia should not be perceived as a threat to the United States. “The reality is that Canada and Alberta will . . . go where there are markets. I don’t think we are looking at an either/or,” The Hill quoted Redford. Boost Competition What the delay may do, according to some analyses, is spur competing pipeline projects. In late September, Enterprise Products Partners LP and Enbridge Inc. announced plans to construct a new pipeline with initial capacity of 800,000 barrels a day to transport crude oil from Cushing, Ok., to the Texas Gulf Coast (AOGR, November 2011, pg. 27). The partners said they expected their Wrangler pipeline to be in service by mid-2013. Enbridge’s pipeline system reportedly has the capability to deliver more than 2 million barrels a day of crude oil from Western Canada to the United States, and Chief Executive Pat Daniel was quoted telling reporters on a conference call prior
32 THE AMERICAN OIL & GAS REPORTER

to the State Department’s Keystone XL announcement that any delay in that project would benefit Enbridge. “We have relatively low-cost expansion possibilities to be able to accommodate most of the early volumes of what would have moved on Keystone XL,” Daniel is quoted. An analysis by IHS CERA Global Oil released on Nov. 11 agrees that “the delay to Keystone XL increases the probability that other pipeline solutions . . . will move forward.” IHS CERA notes that Canadian oil sands production has grown from 600,000 barrels a day to 1.5 MMbbl/d since 2000, and is expected to more than double over the coming decade. Add to that growing light oil production from formations such as the Bakken Shale, and IHS CERA concludes, “Over the next five years, North America will need both the Keystone XL and the Enbridge projects in order to create enough take-away capacity.” Sensitive Ecosystem The U.S. State Department said it was postponing its national interest determination on Keystone XL because of concerns raised in Nebraska about the potential for damage in the Sand Hills area, which the State Department described as “a high concentration of wetlands . . . a sensitive ecosystem, and extensive areas of very shallow groundwater.” The State Department indicated that while in most places, state law governed routes for interstate pipelines, Nebraska had no law or regulatory framework authorizing local authorities to determine pipeline siting. It pointed out that the Nebraska Legislature had convened a special session to consider the issue, and said that in combination with “the concentration of concerns regarding the environmental sensitivities of the proposed route” was sufficient to prompt its determination that “it is necessary to examine in-depth alternative routes that would avoid the Sand Hills.” Four days later, TransCanada announced it supported legislation in Nebraska to establish an application and certification process for oil pipeline routing. TransCanada said the bill “will ensure a pipeline route will be developed in Nebraska that avoids the Sand Hills. TransCanada President for Energy and Oil Pipelines Alex Pourbaix added, “I can confirm the route will be changed and Nebraskans will play an important role in determining the final route.” According to a summary posted on the Nebraska Legislature’s website, LB4, the Oil Pipeline Route Certification Act, requires an entity intending to construct

an oil pipeline through the state to obtain certification from the state Department of Environmental Quality prior to exercising eminent domain, and vests ultimate authority for certifying a pipeline route with the governor. Playing Politics? The State Department’s decision elicited protests from the oil and gas, and manufacturing industries. The National Petrochemical & Refiners Association called it “a blow against American workers who need jobs, against American consumers who need energy, and against America’s economic and national security.” The National Association of Manufacturers added, “It is unacceptable and outrageous that the Obama administration has made a decision to prevent 118,000 jobs from being created.” Despite the State Department’s claim, the American Petroleum Institute charged, “There is no real issue about the environment that requires further investigation. This is about politics and keeping a radical constituency opposed to any and all oil and gas development in the president’s camp in November 2012.” However, Assistant Secretary KerriAnn Jones in the State Department’s Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs denied the accusation. During a recorded press conference, Jones told reporters “The White House did not have anything to do with this decision,” adding that it was approved by Deputy Secretary of State Bill Burns. While Jones acknowledged that the State Department’s environmental impact statement had assessed routes that avoided the Sand Hills, she maintained, “We did not look at a route that avoided the Sand Hills, but was contained within the state of Nebraska.” Jones also drew a distinction between the environmental assessment phase of the State Department’s analysis and the “national interest period.” She said that during the environmental assessment, the department “looked at a number of routes . . . and came to the conclusion that none were . . . better than the proposed route.” But during the national interest period, “where we are looking at what citizens, (and) state and local officials have to say,” she said it became clear that the Sand Hills was “a very important issue for the state.” “This message about the Sand Hills has been coming strong and (with) increasing intensity since the end of August,” Jones said, adding, “The concerns of the people



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011

American Oil and Gas Reporter 12/11
Contents
Reports
Calendar
Oil & Gas Counts
State Legislative
Industry Digest
Tech Connections
Washington Watch
Keystone XL
Liaison Committee
Shale Gas Subcommittee
Endangered Species
Midstream Startups Emerging to Meet Booming Demand
Liquids Resource Plays Have Oil Production Rising Again
Organizers Anticipating Big Things for 2012 PBIOS
Cover Story
R&D Areas Key to Improving Fracturing
Natural Gas Offers Solutions as Transportation Fuel
Completion Design, Frac Modeling Optimize Eagle Ford Wells
Novel Drill-In Fluid Excels in Horizontal ERD Wells
Technologies Optimize Sand Control
Operators Must Manage Risk Before, During and After Drilling
OCS Access: BOEM Offers Business-as-Usual OCS Leasing Plan
Court Finds for Insurers in Gulf Spill Ruling
OIPA
Clean Air Act
IOGA NY
COGA
IPAA Annual
Louisiana
West Virginia
Pennsylvania
Texas
The American Well Servicing Directory, Winter 2011
Industry Focus
Classified Advertising
Advertisers Index
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - American Oil and Gas Reporter 12/11
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Cover2
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Contents
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Reports
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 5
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 6
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 7
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Calendar
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 9
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 10
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 11
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Oil & Gas Counts
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 13
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Industry Digest
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 15
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 16
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 17
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 18
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 19
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 20
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 21
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 22
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 23
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 24
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 25
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 26
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 27
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 28
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Tech Connections
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 30
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Washington Watch
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Keystone XL
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 33
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Liaison Committee
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 35
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 36
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 37
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Shale Gas Subcommittee
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 39
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Endangered Species
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 41
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Midstream Startups Emerging to Meet Booming Demand
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 43
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 44
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 45
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 46
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 47
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 48
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 49
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 50
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 51
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 52
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 53
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 54
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 55
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 56
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 57
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Liquids Resource Plays Have Oil Production Rising Again
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 59
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 60
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 61
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 62
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 63
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 64
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 65
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 66
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 67
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 68
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 69
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 70
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 71
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 72
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Organizers Anticipating Big Things for 2012 PBIOS
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Cover Story
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 75
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 76
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 77
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 78
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 79
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 80
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 81
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 82
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - R&D Areas Key to Improving Fracturing
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 84
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 85
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 86
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 87
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 88
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 89
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 90
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Natural Gas Offers Solutions as Transportation Fuel
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 92
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 93
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 94
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 95
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Completion Design, Frac Modeling Optimize Eagle Ford Wells
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 97
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 98
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 99
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 100
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 101
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 102
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 103
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 104
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 105
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 106
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 107
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 108
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 109
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 110
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Novel Drill-In Fluid Excels in Horizontal ERD Wells
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 112
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 113
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 114
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 115
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 116
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Technologies Optimize Sand Control
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 118
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 119
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 120
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 121
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Operators Must Manage Risk Before, During and After Drilling
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 123
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 124
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 125
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 126
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 127
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 128
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - OCS Access: BOEM Offers Business-as-Usual OCS Leasing Plan
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Court Finds for Insurers in Gulf Spill Ruling
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 131
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 132
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - OIPA
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 134
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 135
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Clean Air Act
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 137
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - IOGA NY
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 139
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 140
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 141
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 142
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 143
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - COGA
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 145
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 146
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - IPAA Annual
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 148
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 149
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 150
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 151
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Louisiana
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 153
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 154
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 155
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - West Virginia
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 157
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Pennsylvania
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Texas
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 160
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - The American Well Servicing Directory, Winter 2011
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 162
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 163
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 164
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 165
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 166
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 167
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 168
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 169
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 170
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 171
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 172
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 173
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 174
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 175
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 176
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 177
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 178
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 179
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 180
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 181
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 182
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 183
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 184
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 185
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Industry Focus
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 187
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 188
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 189
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 190
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 191
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Classified Advertising
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - 193
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Advertisers Index
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Cover3
American Oil & Gas Reporter - December 2011 - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201902
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201811
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/pbios_201810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201808
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201807
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201806
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201805
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201804
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201803
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201802
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201801
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201712
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201711
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201710
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201709
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201707
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201706
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201705
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201704
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201703
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201702
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201701
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201612
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201611
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201610
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/pbios2016_programguide
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201608
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201606
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201605
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201604
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201603
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201602
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201601
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201511
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201507
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201505
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201504
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201503
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201502
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201501
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201411
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/pbios2014_programguide
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201408
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201407
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201406
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201405
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201404
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201403
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201402
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201401
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201307
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201306
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201305
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201304
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201303
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201302
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201301
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201211
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201210
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201209
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/2012_pbios
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201208
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201207
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201206
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201205
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201204
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201202
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201201
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/demo/aogr_clone
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201112
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com