American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 31

SHAPING TOMORROW'S TECHNOLOGY
of several autonomous data collecting devices, each of which
integrates one or more microsensors, a battery, memory, wireless
communication, and steel, ceramic or polymer packaging.
Could devices such as these eventually disrupt the wireline
logging industry, at least in places where we cannot put a wire
conveniently?
Consortium scientists and academics brought together a
unique blend of energy industry experience and expertise in microelectronics from places such as Apple, IBM, Intel, Symantec
and Motorola. To date, they have designed and tested three
wireless temperature and pressure loggers from eight millimeters
(the size of a sugar cube) to one millimeter (the size of glitter).
These devices incorporate both off-the-shelf components
and groundbreaking innovations such as 380-micron antennae,
which transmit up to four inches, and high-temperature, rechargeable microbatteries that should last up to 100 hours at 125
degrees C before the end of this year.
The smallest sensor actually dumps the battery and harvests
power directly from its environment-similar to lichen eating a
rock. Measuring temperatures in a brine well, smart dust has
survived down hole for up to 24 hours. That, too, is likely to
increase.
There are multiple ways we can investigate the subsurface
using autonomous microsensors. They could be attached to a
plastic rod, slipped down and pulled out of the hole. We could
embed power-harvesting sensors in cement and install them in
the well. Encapsulated in a buoyancy-adjusting polymer with a
clear front, thousands of them could be circulated in mud to
deliver wireless logging on demand. Simply open a valve, flow
in the sensors, produce them back to the surface and interrogate
them as they flow by a readout station.
Imagine coating a nondissolvable frac stage ball with microsensors and shooting it down hole, where it hits the sliding
sleeve and isolates a hydraulic frac stage. Leakage across the
ball would show up in a time-pressure curve. Today, we are
flying blind.

Finally, if the smallest sensors shrink a bit further, we can
embed them in proppant and-with the right kind of infrastructure-talk to them while they are sitting inside fractures. This
would be revolutionary.
In time, these tiny data collecting devices could disrupt the
status quo not only in oil and gas, but also in environmental applications, mining, geothermal energy, aquifer monitoring, and
underground storage and waste disposal.
Water Marketplace
Speaking of unconventionals, if we ever hope to get back to
the heady blowing-down-the-road days of yesteryear, we are
going to need a lot more water.
In a conventional well, produced water mostly is reinjected
to enhance recovery, so water costs and logistics are negligible.
Unconventionals, on the other hand, require huge amounts of
water to fracture the well.
From 2009 to 2014-the boom years for shale-water volumes
moving to and from the well pad, by truck or pipe, grew by 7,000
percent. Since the crash, even though total completions are still
way down, typical volumes have risen from 100,000 to as high as
1 million barrels of water a well. To reduce time and gain
efficiencies on multiwell pad completions, an operator may need
to front load the site with 2 million-3 million barrels of water.
All that water has to come from somewhere and go somewhere
for treatment, disposal or reuse. But where? Historically, water
for hydraulic fracturing came from a surface use agreement
with the parcel owner. Today, it's a rare parcel that can source
all the water we need.
Fortunately, within a radius of 10-30 miles-at least in places
such as the Permian Basin-there are a multitude of potential
sources: other surface owners with water from streams and
groundwater to sell, operators with excess flowback and produced
water to dispose of, midstream water pipeline companies and
big players with extra capacity, water treatment facilities,
municipal utilities-you name it.

Microsensor Technology

3mm Core, Temperature
(Optically charged, RF readout)

8mm Core, Temp, Pressure
(Optically charged, optical readout)

1mm Core, Temp,
(Inductively charged, RF readout)

Scientists at Advanced Energy Consortium
have developed wireless temperature and
pressure loggers ranging in size from eight
to one millimeters. The eight millimeter logger
can store approximately 700 time-stamped
temperature and pressure data points, operating up to 12 hours in 100-degree C temperatures at 7,200 psi. The three millimeter logger
can store 400 data points, operating in 100degree temperatures at 10,000 psi.

APRIL 2018 31



American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018

Contents
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 1
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 1
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 2
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - Contents
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 4
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 5
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 6
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 7
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 8
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 9
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 10
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 11
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 12
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 13
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 14
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 15
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 16
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 17
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 18
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 19
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 20
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 21
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 22
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 23
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 24
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 25
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 26
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 27
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 28
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 29
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 30
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 31
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 32
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 33
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 34
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 35
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 36
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 37
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 38
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 39
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 40
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 41
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 42
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 43
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 44
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 45
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 46
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 47
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 48
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 49
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 50
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 50A
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 50B
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 50C
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 50D
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 51
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 52
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 53
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 54
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 55
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 56
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 57
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 58
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 59
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 60
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 61
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 62
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 63
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 64
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 65
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 66
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 67
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 68
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 69
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 70
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 71
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 72
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 73
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 74
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 75
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 76
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 77
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 78
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 79
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 80
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 81
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 82
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 83
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 84
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 85
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 86
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 87
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 88
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 89
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 90
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 91
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 92
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 93
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 94
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 95
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 96
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 97
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 98
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 99
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 100
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 101
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 102
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 103
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 104
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 105
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 106
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 107
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 108
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 109
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 110
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 111
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 112
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 113
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 114
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 115
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 116
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 117
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 118
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 119
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 120
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 121
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 122
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 123
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 124
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 125
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 126
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 127
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 128
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 129
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 130
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 131
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 132
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 133
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 134
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 135
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 136
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 137
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 138
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 139
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 140
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 141
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 142
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 143
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 144
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 145
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 146
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 147
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 148
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 149
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 150
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 151
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 152
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 153
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 154
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 155
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 156
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 157
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 158
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 159
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 160
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 161
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 162
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 163
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 164
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 165
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 166
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 167
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 168
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 169
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 170
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 171
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 172
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 173
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 174
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 175
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 176
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 177
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 178
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 179
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2018 - 180
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201902
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201811
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/pbios_201810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201808
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201807
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201806
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201805
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201804
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201803
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201802
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201801
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201712
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201711
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201710
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201709
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201707
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201706
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201705
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201704
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201703
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201702
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201701
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201612
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201611
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201610
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/pbios2016_programguide
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201608
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201606
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201605
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201604
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201603
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201602
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201601
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201511
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201507
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201505
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201504
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201503
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201502
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201501
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201411
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/pbios2014_programguide
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201408
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201407
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201406
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201405
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201404
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201403
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201402
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201401
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201307
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201306
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201305
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201304
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201303
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201302
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201301
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201211
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201210
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201209
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/2012_pbios
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201208
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201207
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201206
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201205
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201204
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201202
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201201
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/demo/aogr_clone
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201112
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com