Monitor on Psychology - June 2012 - (Page 20)
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in the Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps, who argued that the book revealed a “lack of understanding and conviction.” Written at a time when the U.K. faced the threat of invasion, the author may have felt that Myers’s criticisms of the army’s medical services were unpatriotic and defeatist. In truth, they revealed the inability of a mass, hierarchical organization to accommodate the nuanced policy recommendations of an innovative clinician. Nevertheless, the principles of forward psychiatry that Myers identified — prompt treatment as close to the fighting as is safe, with an expectation of recovery and return to unit — were widely adopted during World War II by both the U.S. and U.K. military, and they continue to be practiced by Western armed forces today in Afghanistan and Iraq. n Edgar Jones, PhD, is professor of the history of medicine and psychiatry at the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London. Katharine S. Milar, PhD, of Earlham College, is historical editor for “Time Capsule.” Video: Click here to view an excerpt of historical footage of shell shocked British soldiers, filmed at two army hospitals toward the end of World War I. For the entire video, visit the Wellcome Library online video collection.
Jones, E. (2010). Shell Shock at Maghull and the Maudsley: the origins of psychological medicine.Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 65, 368–395. Leys, R. (2000).Trauma, a Genealogy, Chicago: Chicago University Press. Myers, C.S. (1916). Contributions to the study of shell shock, being an account of certain cases treated by hypnosis. Lancet,1, 65–69. Myers, C.S. (1940).Shell Shock in France 1914–18, Based on a War Diary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Shephard, B. (2000).War of Nerves, Soldiers and Psychiatrists 1914–1994. London: Jonathan Cape.
Call 800.627.7271 to place your WASI–II kit order! For more information and technical reports, visit PsychCorp.com/WASI–II.
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MONITOR ON PSYCHOLOGY • JUNE 2012
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