IEEE Awards Booklet - 2010 - 14

I E E E

M E D A L S

2010 IEEE
Founders Medal

2010 IEEE
Edison Medal

Sponsored by IEEE Foundation

Sponsored by Samsung Electronics, Ltd.

Paul Edward Gray

Ray Dolby

For an exemplary career of leadership in education,
research and public policy

For leadership and pioneering applications in audio
recording and playback equipment for both professional
and consumer electronics

As an educator and expert in semiconductor electronics, Paul
Edward Gray's vision and leadership have advanced engineering education and practice around the globe. His innovative
approaches at MIT, Cambridge, Mass., influenced generations
of engineering leaders. His experience, knowledge and
continued passion for education were evident in his various
roles held at MIT, ranging from instructor, to dean, to president.
In the 1980s he encouraged curriculum reforms that strengthened humanities, arts and social sciences. He championed for
increased opportunities for women and minorities, and he was
a strong advocate in providing financial assistance to all
students in need.

Ray Dolby's noise reduction techniques have revolutionized the
music recording industry, movies and consumer audio products.
Dr. Dolby developed algorithms during the 1960s to reduce the
annoying hiss produced during analog recordings on magnetic
tape. His idea was to compress audio signals during recording
and expand them during playback, processing soft signals but
not the loud signals that mask noise. He founded Dolby
Laboratories in 1965 to commercialize his methods, and his
technology was soon in demand by record companies around
the world. It also played a key role in the successful introduction
of cassette-based recording of songs and albums, providing
sound quality that was comparable to or better than vinyl recordings. Dr. Dolby adapted his technology for the broadcast
and motion picture industries during the 1970s, providing
immersive "surround sound." His original recording process was
refined for consumer use and "Dolby B" was licensed to large
consumer electronics companies, making the technology
available to the masses.

Dr. Gray was a proponent of expanding undergraduate engineering education beyond the traditional core science subjects
to better prepare engineering students for management roles.
He strongly supported creation of the MIT Leaders for
Manufacturing Programs to produce graduates with both engineering and leadership abilities. He was a champion of MIT's
Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program, which allowed
students to join faculty research groups to apply their classroom
learning and be exposed to real-world problems.

During the 1990s Dolby Laboratories transitioned from analog
to address emerging digital audio technologies. "Dolby Digital"
technology won widespread adoption and is an integral
component built into CD and DVD players, surround-sound
home theater systems and high-definition televisions. An IEEE
Life Fellow and member of the National Inventors Hall of Fame,
Dr. Dolby is currently a member of the board at Dolby
Laboratories, Inc., San Francisco, Calif.

Dr. Gray was very active in Washington, D.C. as an advocate of
engineering universities. He served four years on the White
House Science Council and as a member on the Council's Panel
on the Health of Universities. He was at the forefront in promoting
open intellectual exchange with countries such as Japan, and he
used his influence to lobby for increased public awareness of
science and technology. An IEEE Life Fellow, Dr. Gray is a
Professor of Electrical Engineering Emeritus and President
Emeritus at MIT.

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Awards Booklet - 2010

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IEEE Awards Booklet - 2010 - Cover2
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