IEEE Awards Booklet - 2014 - 21

2014 IEEE TECHNICAL FIELD AWARDS

IEEE Marie Sklodowska-Curie Award
Sponsored by the IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society

Harold Malcolm Hudson, Brian F. Hutton,
and Lawrence A. Shepp
For developing maximum-likelihood image reconstruction in
emission tomography leading to its widespread and effective
use in healthcare

The collective work of Harold Malcolm Hudson, Brian F. Hutton,
and Lawrence A. Shepp has resulted in reconstruction algorithms
that propelled the success of emission tomography as a clinically
feasible method for medical imaging. Dr. Shepp developed the
maximum-likelihood expectation-maximization (ML-EM) algorithm in 1982, which provided improved image quality compared
to Fourier-based algorithms of the time. However, its heavy computational burden was a barrier to clinical use. Profs. Hudson and
Hutton were motivated to overcome the computational workload
with faster image reconstruction solutions. First published in 1994,
their ordered-subsets expectation-maximization (OS-EM) algorithm applied the ML-EM algorithm successively to well-chosen
data blocks. This was key to bringing ML estimation into daily
practice for emission tomography. The trio's work paved the way

for techniques that improve image accuracy and precision, while
potentially shortening scan duration or helping to reduce the activity of tracer administered to the patient.
Dr. Hudson is an Emeritus Professor with the Department of
Statistics at Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia.
An IEEE Senior Member, Dr. Hutton is Professor of Medical
Physics in Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Science at
the Institute of Nuclear Medicine at University College London,
U.K. and a Professor in the Department of Medical Radiation
Physics at the University of Wollongong, N.S.W., Australia.
Dr. Shepp, who passed away in April of 2013, was the Patrick
T. Harker Professor of Statistics at the Wharton School of the
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, and a Professor with the
Department of Statistics at Rutgers University, Piscataway, N.J.

IEEE Innovation in Societal Infrastructure Award

IEEE Charles Proteus Steinmetz Award

Sponsored by Hitachi, Ltd. and the IEEE Computer Society

Sponsored by the IEEE Standards Association

Balaji Prabhakar

Mark McGranaghan

For his demonstration of the innovative use of information technology and
distributed computing systems to solve
long-standing societal problems, in
areas ranging from transportation to
healthcare and recycling

For sustained leadership in IEEE standards
and global harmonization of standards
including power quality, system monitoring, transients and harmonics, smart grid
interoperability, and applications

Balaji Prabhakar's distributed computing architectures are being
used to solve pressing societal issues. A key aspect of Dr. Prabhakar's work is the use of incentives, such as offering commuters a reward for using transportation during off-peak hours. A
network of embedded sensors can monitor traffic on roads and
smartphone-based mobility apps can determine how commuters
are using the system. The network can provide operators with
data to help determine when incentives need to be applied to
influence users to make the most efficient use of the system. Dr.
Prabhakar's programs have reduced peak hour use of public transportation in Singapore, off-peak and eco-friendly commuting at
Stanford University in the U.S., and have improved participation
in wellness and education programs at major corporations.
An IEEE Fellow, Dr. Prabhakar is a professor of electrical engineering and computer science at Stanford University, Calif.

Mark McGranaghan's expertise and dedication to powerengineering standards development have improved power quality
worldwide. Mr. McGranaghan has been a pioneer in the advancement of power quality standards since the creation of IEEE Standards Coordinating Committee 22 in the early 1990s. He was a
leading force in the development of industry standards for power
system harmonics (IEEE 519) and has contributed to standards
and industry guides in a variety of other power quality areas including flicker, voltage sags, and transients. He is also known for
his contributions to IEEE Standard 1547 regarding the connection of distributed generation sources to the power grid, which is
considered one of the most important power-engineering standards of the past decade.
An IEEE Fellow, Mr. McGranaghan is vice president of power
delivery and utilization with the Electric Power Research Institute, Knoxville, Tenn.

21 | 2014 IEEE AWARDS BOOKLET



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Awards Booklet - 2014

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