Impressions - August 2018 - 39

Adding it Up
Once you have a basic line of colored inks, consider additives to round out your arsenal.
A glossy ink can be given a matte look by adding a small amount of dulling additive or paste.
Texture and dimension easily can be achieved with a puff additive.
Similarly, to add adhesion to an ink for nylon garments or duffle bags, add some nylon catalyst.
(Tip: After it's cured, wait 24 hours to see improvement in adhesion.)
It's not necessary to have an ink system that does everything. Expect to need an assortment of
additives and other tools to achieve the looks your customers are demanding.

If your film isn't as opaque as it should
be, then you may lose some design details.
One solution is to reduce exposure time,
but doing so may result in more pinholes
or the emulsion may break down prematurely during a print job.The subtle halftones also may not have the desired look.
I understand that in the real world there
is some forgiveness with film opacity, but
total blackout is the goal.With opaque film,
things are easier, faster, better, and more
productive and forgiving.The amount of
image degradation from the original all
depends on the quality of the processes
that occur before ink is applied to the
substrate.
If you find yourself in a
quandary, before hitting the panic
button, ask your vendors for help.

Not Enough Emulsion
Sometimes, less-experienced printers don't
use enough emulsion on the shirt side
of screens or they improperly dry them.
There must be enough emulsion on the
bottom of the screen so it can properly
prevent the ink from spreading.
Emulsion's job is to hold back the ink
so that it can accurately duplicate the
design on the film. Remember, the film
is a copy of the art and the screen is a copy
of the film. The printed image will not
improve from the original, but emulsion
is an important step for producing a print
that is as close to the original as possible.
To gauge whether you have a sufficient

emulsion layer, feel its edge where the
design is located. If you don't feel a distinct
edge, there isn't enough. Always dry the
coated screens horizontally with the ink
side up. Avoid using fans to shorten the
drying time, as this only allows dirt and
particles to accumulate on the screen,
and may create pinholes, etc.
Adequate amounts of emulsion also
will control the ink-deposit amount,
thus affecting its opacity. To eliminate
the amount of print strokes required to
achieve a more opaque print, add extra
emulsion to the screen's shirt side. This
also may save printing time and increase
your shop's bottom line.
Using One White Ink
Beginning printers generally use just one
color - in many cases, white ink - for
their designs. However, it's ideal to use
several types of white ink during screen
printing: one for cotton, another for lowbleed ink, another for 100% polyester
and more.
Using one white ink for everything
could lead to a troublesome scenario.
White ink intended for cotton can bleed
when printed on a colored substrate that
contains polyester. The low-bleed and
polyester white inks could create a ghost
image when used on dyed cotton garments. A low-bleed white ink may not
be strong enough to block dye migration
when used on 100% red polyester fabric.
Such scenarios continue when more fabric
types are considered.
You may be wondering why there isn't
just one ink line for everything you may
need to print.The reality is that decorators,
and even their customers, want different
types of prints. Some are strictly concerned
with opacity, while others prefer a matte
finish. Some may require more adhesion
for nylon duffle bags, for instance.
What about those who want a perfect
Pantone color match? Others require a
softer feel. The situation is even more
complex when the myriad substrates are
considered - cotton, nonwoven polypropylene, dyed polyester and stretch swimsuit
materials - all requiring different types
of inks.
AUGUST 2018

P.39



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Impressions - August 2018

Impressions - August 2018
Contents
First Impressions
From the Show Director
Overheard
First Look
Scene at ISS
On Design
Fleecewear Takes the Retro Road
Breakdown: Embroidery on Lightweight Fleecewear
Optimizing Screen-Room Workflow
The ‘Profit First’ Wave: Part 1
Shop Talk
Embroidery Production
Screen Printing Production
Sublimation
Heat Printing
Ad Index/Classifieds
Impressions - August 2018 - Intro
Impressions - August 2018 - CT1
Impressions - August 2018 - CT2
Impressions - August 2018 - Impressions - August 2018
Impressions - August 2018 - Cover2
Impressions - August 2018 - 1
Impressions - August 2018 - Contents
Impressions - August 2018 - 3
Impressions - August 2018 - 4
Impressions - August 2018 - 5
Impressions - August 2018 - First Impressions
Impressions - August 2018 - 7
Impressions - August 2018 - From the Show Director
Impressions - August 2018 - 9
Impressions - August 2018 - Overheard
Impressions - August 2018 - 11
Impressions - August 2018 - 12
Impressions - August 2018 - 13
Impressions - August 2018 - First Look
Impressions - August 2018 - 15
Impressions - August 2018 - 15a
Impressions - August 2018 - 15b
Impressions - August 2018 - Scene at ISS
Impressions - August 2018 - On Design
Impressions - August 2018 - Fleecewear Takes the Retro Road
Impressions - August 2018 - 19
Impressions - August 2018 - 20
Impressions - August 2018 - 21
Impressions - August 2018 - Breakdown: Embroidery on Lightweight Fleecewear
Impressions - August 2018 - 23
Impressions - August 2018 - Optimizing Screen-Room Workflow
Impressions - August 2018 - 25
Impressions - August 2018 - 26
Impressions - August 2018 - 27
Impressions - August 2018 - The ‘Profit First’ Wave: Part 1
Impressions - August 2018 - 29
Impressions - August 2018 - 30
Impressions - August 2018 - 31
Impressions - August 2018 - Shop Talk
Impressions - August 2018 - 33
Impressions - August 2018 - Embroidery Production
Impressions - August 2018 - 35
Impressions - August 2018 - 36
Impressions - August 2018 - 37
Impressions - August 2018 - Screen Printing Production
Impressions - August 2018 - 39
Impressions - August 2018 - 40
Impressions - August 2018 - Sublimation
Impressions - August 2018 - 42
Impressions - August 2018 - 43
Impressions - August 2018 - Heat Printing
Impressions - August 2018 - 45
Impressions - August 2018 - 46
Impressions - August 2018 - Ad Index/Classifieds
Impressions - August 2018 - 48
Impressions - August 2018 - Cover3
Impressions - August 2018 - Cover4
Impressions - August 2018 - IO1
Impressions - August 2018 - IO2
Impressions - August 2018 - IO3
Impressions - August 2018 - IO4
Impressions - August 2018 - IO5
Impressions - August 2018 - IO6
Impressions - August 2018 - IF1
Impressions - August 2018 - IF2
Impressions - August 2018 - IF3
Impressions - August 2018 - IF4
Impressions - August 2018 - IF5
Impressions - August 2018 - IF6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201912
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/dd_2019
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamactive_2019fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20190607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamactive_2019spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201902
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/dd_2018
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2018fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201808
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201806
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201805
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201804
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201803
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2018spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201802
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201801
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201712
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201710
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http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2017fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20170607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201705
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201704
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201703
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2017spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201702
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201701
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201612
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201610
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201608
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2016fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20160607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201605
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201604
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201603
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2016spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201602
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201601
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_201512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/digitaldecorator_2015fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2015fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20150607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/digitaldecorator_2015summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_201506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201504
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201503
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2015spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201502
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201501
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_201412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_2014fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201408
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2014fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/digitaldecorator_2014summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20140607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_2014spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201404
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201403
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2014spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201402
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201401
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_sportsfanretailer_201312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20131011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2013fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20130607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201304
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201303
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2013spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201302
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201301
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20121011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2012fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20120809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20120607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201204
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2012spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201202
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201201
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20111011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20110809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2011fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20110607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201104
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201103
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2011spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201102
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201101
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_sourcebook2010
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20101112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20100910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2010fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20100708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201004
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2010winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201003
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201002
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_200909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_eco_2009fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2009fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_200910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20091112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_sourcebook_200906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201001
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com