Impressions - August 2018 - 41

think.
SUBLIMATION

make.

Like this article? Read more sublimation articles at
impressionsmag.com/digitaldecorating.

do.

The Road to
Sublimation Success
Learn the basics of this decoration technology.
By DaviD GRoSS, ConTRiBuTinG WRiTeR

Equipment Needs

Sublimation printing on
light-colored polyester
shirts results in vibrantcolored designs.

Sublimation decorating is a disruptive
technology that's changing apparelindustry rules by providing personalized
products almost instantly.
This burgeoning technology allows
digital decorators to create full-color,
photographic-quality products with a
minimum quantity of one and no setup
costs.
Sublimation uses inkjet printers to print
transfers using sublimation inks, also referred to as disperse dyes. These inkjet
printers use a piezo print head to vibrate
the ink onto the release paper.This paper
is designed to "carry the ink," then release
it onto the substrate as it turns into a gas
during the heating process.
To transfer, the printed image and paper
is secured to the substrate and placed in

a heat press, where it usually is pressed at
400˚F for a dwell time and pressure that
is dependent on the substrate. Most fabrics are pressed for 45 seconds with light
pressure, whereas ceramics require several
minutes with medium-to-heavy pressure.
During the heating process, the sublimation dyes seek an oil-loving molecule
(polyester) with which to bond. At the
same time, these molecules open up in
what is called the glass transition state to
accept the gas. It's important to note that
cotton is a water-loving molecule and will
not accept the dyes. Once the transfer is
complete, remove the substrate from the
press and allow it to cool, thereby closing its pores and trapping the dyes. Once
cooled, the results will be permanent, with
amazingly bright and vivid colors.

If you're a business owner, sublimation
equipment actually may be one of your
least-expensive investments.All you need
is a sublimation printer and heat press.
This also is a scalable technology, meaning you can start with a desktop printer
(such as the Sawgrass SG800, which can
print up to 13" x 21" transfers) and later
scale up to a large-format printer (such
as the Epson F6200 or Mutoh RJ900X,
capable of printing transfers up to 44
inches wide).
Although larger printers typically will
require a larger heat press (such as the
Geo Knight 44" x 64 " MAXI-PRESS),
such equipment can be used to produce
an exciting array of large products.These
include allover-printed T-shirts, cut-andsew apparel, the 40" x 60" ChromaLuxe
photo panels, in addition to all of the
products in the desktop category.
For a product to be sublimatable, three
things are required:
1. The item needs to be white or
light colored. Because the ink that's
used is not opaque, an item's color will
show through an imprinted image. Unfortunately, this means images can't be
printed on dark-colored or black items.
2.The item should be able to handle the required heat and pressure.
Whether it's with a heat press or oven,
the item must be exposed to 350˚F-400˚F
temperatures without melting or becoming deformed.
3. The item needs to be made of
or coated with a material that will
accept the sublimation gas.
AUGUST 2018

P.41


http://www.impressionsmag.com/digitaldecorating

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Impressions - August 2018

Impressions - August 2018
Contents
First Impressions
From the Show Director
Overheard
First Look
Scene at ISS
On Design
Fleecewear Takes the Retro Road
Breakdown: Embroidery on Lightweight Fleecewear
Optimizing Screen-Room Workflow
The ‘Profit First’ Wave: Part 1
Shop Talk
Embroidery Production
Screen Printing Production
Sublimation
Heat Printing
Ad Index/Classifieds
Impressions - August 2018 - Intro
Impressions - August 2018 - CT1
Impressions - August 2018 - CT2
Impressions - August 2018 - Impressions - August 2018
Impressions - August 2018 - Cover2
Impressions - August 2018 - 1
Impressions - August 2018 - Contents
Impressions - August 2018 - 3
Impressions - August 2018 - 4
Impressions - August 2018 - 5
Impressions - August 2018 - First Impressions
Impressions - August 2018 - 7
Impressions - August 2018 - From the Show Director
Impressions - August 2018 - 9
Impressions - August 2018 - Overheard
Impressions - August 2018 - 11
Impressions - August 2018 - 12
Impressions - August 2018 - 13
Impressions - August 2018 - First Look
Impressions - August 2018 - 15
Impressions - August 2018 - 15a
Impressions - August 2018 - 15b
Impressions - August 2018 - Scene at ISS
Impressions - August 2018 - On Design
Impressions - August 2018 - Fleecewear Takes the Retro Road
Impressions - August 2018 - 19
Impressions - August 2018 - 20
Impressions - August 2018 - 21
Impressions - August 2018 - Breakdown: Embroidery on Lightweight Fleecewear
Impressions - August 2018 - 23
Impressions - August 2018 - Optimizing Screen-Room Workflow
Impressions - August 2018 - 25
Impressions - August 2018 - 26
Impressions - August 2018 - 27
Impressions - August 2018 - The ‘Profit First’ Wave: Part 1
Impressions - August 2018 - 29
Impressions - August 2018 - 30
Impressions - August 2018 - 31
Impressions - August 2018 - Shop Talk
Impressions - August 2018 - 33
Impressions - August 2018 - Embroidery Production
Impressions - August 2018 - 35
Impressions - August 2018 - 36
Impressions - August 2018 - 37
Impressions - August 2018 - Screen Printing Production
Impressions - August 2018 - 39
Impressions - August 2018 - 40
Impressions - August 2018 - Sublimation
Impressions - August 2018 - 42
Impressions - August 2018 - 43
Impressions - August 2018 - Heat Printing
Impressions - August 2018 - 45
Impressions - August 2018 - 46
Impressions - August 2018 - Ad Index/Classifieds
Impressions - August 2018 - 48
Impressions - August 2018 - Cover3
Impressions - August 2018 - Cover4
Impressions - August 2018 - IO1
Impressions - August 2018 - IO2
Impressions - August 2018 - IO3
Impressions - August 2018 - IO4
Impressions - August 2018 - IO5
Impressions - August 2018 - IO6
Impressions - August 2018 - IF1
Impressions - August 2018 - IF2
Impressions - August 2018 - IF3
Impressions - August 2018 - IF4
Impressions - August 2018 - IF5
Impressions - August 2018 - IF6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201912
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/dd_2019
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamactive_2019fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20190607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamactive_2019spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201902
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/dd_2018
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2018fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201808
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201806
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201805
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201804
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201803
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2018spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201802
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201801
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201712
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201710
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201709
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2017fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20170607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201705
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201704
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201703
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2017spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201702
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201701
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201612
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201610
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201608
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2016fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20160607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201605
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201604
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201603
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2016spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201602
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201601
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_201512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/digitaldecorator_2015fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2015fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20150607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/digitaldecorator_2015summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_201506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201504
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201503
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2015spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201502
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201501
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_201412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_2014fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201408
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2014fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/digitaldecorator_2014summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20140607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_2014spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201404
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201403
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2014spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201402
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201401
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_sportsfanretailer_201312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20131011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2013fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20130607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201304
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201303
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2013spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201302
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201301
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20121011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2012fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20120809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20120607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201204
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2012spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201202
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201201
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20111011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20110809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2011fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20110607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201104
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201103
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2011spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201102
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201101
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_sourcebook2010
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20101112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20100910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2010fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20100708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201004
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2010winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201003
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201002
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_200909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_eco_2009fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2009fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_200910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20091112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_sourcebook_200906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201001
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com