Perspectives - Issue 1, 2013 - (Page 26)
THE FuTuRE IS SMART
In 2050, the population of cities is expected to be
6.3 billion. Booming growth is happening in developing
countries, in particular. Twenty-two out of 37 megacities
will be in Asia. The archetype of this phenomenon is
India. Every minute, on average, 30 people move from
the Indian countryside to cities. This flow will result in
building 500 new cities in the next 20 years.
Because of this growth, it’s necessary for cities to
look for tools to improve efficiency in everything from
transportation to energy use to address 21st-century
sustainability challenges. The goal of smart cities is to
develop economically and environmentally efficient
and sustainable communities, which actively engage
citizens and improve their quality of life.
Different regions are approaching smart city development
in different ways. For major world powers such as China,
India and Japan, smart cities can address the challenge
of overcrowding. The Chinese government has planned
US$322 billion in smart city investments by 2015. Transport
networks will be the sector with the most investments.
India will invest an estimated US$1.2 trillion over the
next 20 years in transport, energy and public safety to build
the cities of the future. The aim of the Indian government
is to establish two smart cities in each of the country’s 28
states, with between half a million and 1 million people.
Japan has launched energy-focused projects in four cities:
Yokohama, Toyota, Keihanna and Kitakyushu. Yokohama
is researching electricity demand in commercial buildings.
Toyota and Keihanna are studying the best ways to integrate
electric vehicles into the electricity grid. Kitakyushu is
proving approaches to dynamic residential electricity prices.
Latin America’s approach is to target smart cities
initiatives in areas with positive economic development.
Colombia has plans for Bogotá and Medellín. Brazil has
a very strong commitment to Rio de Janeiro with the goal
of the 2016 Olympics. Mexico is promoting attracting
innovative companies. Chile is leading with transportation
projects. Argentina has a strong commitment from the
Buenos Aires government. Ecuador has plans for Quito.
In Europe, Barcelona is a point of reference due to
its city strategy and for three leading global initiatives.
It is the headquarters of the international leading
event in the field, the Smart City Expo World Congress.
In its second edition, the event saw participation of cities
and companies from 82 countries. Barcelona was also
the launching point of the City Protocol, a certification
system for smart cities. In addition, Barcelona hosts
Mobile World Capital, an initiative to promote mobile
technologies. These three elements combined are a
magnet to companies and give Barcelona a springboard
for international economic development.
All market forecasts regarding smart cities preview
explosive growth. The global economic crisis – which
requires urgent, efficient management to reduce
costs and ensure public welfare – provides a further
opportunity to accelerate smart cities deployment.
Smart cities are a platform for technology-led economic
growth. Importantly, they are also an opportunity to
demonstrate our commitment to making cities more
sustainable and humane.
Pilar Conesa is chief executive officer of anteverti and director of
Smart City Expo World Congress.
the goal of smart cities is to develop economically and
environmentally efficient and sustainable communities.
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Perspectives - Issue 1, 2013
Perspectives - Issue 1, 2013
Smart Solutions for Cities
Question & Answer: Ola Rollén
Making Cities Smarter
Transportation Keeps Cities Moving
Big Data for Safer Cities
Order and Progress: Brazil on the Rise
On the Go with Mobile
The Future is Smart
Perspectives - Issue 1, 2013