IUCr Newsletter - Volume 24, Number 4 - 21
Women in Science
WiLLiaM L. DUax
The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences will
hold special elections in 2017 and 2018 to recruit 16 additional
female scholars and scientists. Ten will be added in 2017 and six
in 2018. Currently only 13%(72) of the Academies 556 members are female. The Academy will proceed at the same time with
its traditional election of 16 more members. It is unlikely that
any women will be elected in the "traditional" election. Even
if all 26 newly elected members in 2017 were women, female
membership in the academy would only increase to 17% .
The appalling remarks made by the current US president disparaging women in vulgar terms and dismissing climate change
as a Chinese plot prompted the formation of a Women's Science
group in the USA that had 10,500 adherents within weeks. The
group hopes to develop into a global network for research support and to inspire young women to pursue science.
In 1985 the ACA found that the gender balance of its officers did not match that of its membership. To gain balance two
highly qualified women were run against each other for the office of president a few times in the next several years until such
a ploy proved unnecessary. Members found that not only were
women fine scientists, they were superior organizers, planners
and workers. In 2017, 23% of ACA members were female and
27% of the attendees at the annual meeting in Denver were female. It is not easy to find or gather data on the gender distribution of crystallographers in the countries throughout the world.
The list of attendees at the 23rd Congress and General Assembly
of the IUCr in Montreal in 2014 included at least 23% women.
I would welcome input on the gender distribution in different
countries that might have a bearing on the future of crystallography. After its most recent election four of the officers of the ACA
council are women, President Amy Sargent, Vice President Lisa
Keefe, Secretary Diana Tomchick, and Treasurer Sue Byram.
The IUCr has complex procedures governing the election of
members of the Executive Committee (EC) that are designed in
part to preserve global and international representation. This is
appropriate and laudable. In view of the fact that the composition of the EC has never had female representation commensurate with the percentage of women in crystallography in many
countries of the world, perhaps the delegates to the congress
could develop a policy that would assure gender balance on the
EC, its delegations and its commissions. See Pages 2 and 16 for
For the past three years there has been only one woman on the
10 member EC. There is a real possibility that soon there will be
no women on the EC. IUCr program committees, commission
members, invited speakers, and session chairs often fail to have
compositions reflecting the percent of women active in the field.
The delegates to the general assembly elect members of the EC.
While delegations from many countries have no women members,
others have a more equitable composition. Although well-qualified women (in terms of scientific accomplishments and service to
crystallography) have been nominated for membership in the past
they were eliminated in early rounds of balloting. For the good of
the IUCr perhaps the women delegates to the next general assembly should form a woman's caucus before voting begins and adopt
a strategy for electing women to membership in the next EC.♦
IUCr Newsletter ♦ Volume 24, Number 4 ♦ 2016
CCDC and PANalytical
opens new possibilities for (metal)
PANalytical and the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC) have agreed that users of the Cambridge Structural
Database (CSD) can now utilize this database in PANalytical's
HighScore software suite for the analysis of powder diffractograms without additional costs. This new feature is the result of
the close collaboration between the renowned Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre and PANalytical, a leading supplier of
analytical X-ray instrumentation and software.
The Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) is a highly curated and comprehensive resource that is essential to scientists
around the world. Established in 1965, the CSD is the world's
repository for small-molecule organic and metal-organic crystal structures. Containing over 875,000 entries from X-ray and
neutron diffraction analyses, this unique database of accurate 3D
structures has become an essential resource to scientists around
The HighScore software offers X-ray diffraction data treatments, phase identifications, reporting and profile fits. The
(semi-) automatic handling of many datasets by configurable
batches and similarity analysis are distinguishing features. The
CSD is the most recent reference database added to HighScore.
The Plus option adds phase fits (Rietveld, Pawley, LeBail and
more), standardless quantifications with crystal structures and
scripting to the basic HighScore package.
The main benefits for joint users of the CSD and HighScore
*Use of the CSD database for the identification of (mixtures
of ) organic materials, as sole data source or in combination with
*Direct availability of crystal structure information for identified phases, allowing subsequent structure refinement or quantitative analysis without the need of manually importing this data
These benefits are now available in the recent release of version 4.6 of the HighScore software suite. The combination of
HighScore with the CSD database extends phase identifications,
structure fits and applications to pharmaceutical, organic and
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