Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 13

Refrigerated Transport

Volume 7, Issue 1

an ultra-thin sensor that is less than
one-fifth the width of a human hair and
is edible. The idea is that the sensor will
transmit the actual temperature of the
food, rather than the ambient temperature around it. The power and wireless
components can't be consumed, so there
is still further development needed, but
it is exciting.
Capacity Utilization and
Routing Optimization
There are many planning challenges
that are rather unique for transporting
dry, refrigerated and frozen products
in a multi-temperature environment.
One might consider that there are two
planning puzzles. There is the loading
puzzle where the goal is to maximize
the capacity of each of the compartments in the truck (or van). If the
bulkheads are movable, this provides

more options, but an additional layer
of planning complexity. Is the space
divided lengthwise or widthwise? Is it
rear loading or side loading?
Then there is the routing puzzle for
planning the deliveries efficiently. Is
there one stop or multiple stops? What
are the delivery hours? Does one location take longer than another location
to unload? Does the location accept a
longer truck or is a van necessary? Are
drivers available? These are just some
of the considerations.
To fully optimize the planning, both of
these puzzles should be managed as one
larger planning puzzle where all the rules
and constraints are taken into consideration, together. The technology solution
should be able to recommend the optimal
configuration of the space, where there is
flexibility in the equipment. As the load
is being planned, it should consider the
routing sequence so that it places the
product in the right location in the space,
depending on its unloading sequence,
with the complimentary goal of reducing
the transport miles and the accompanying carbon footprint.
To maintain product temperature
integrity and efficiency, one wouldn't
want to have to unload products from
the second planned stop to get to the
products for the first stop. Driver hours
and rules also can be layered into the
same planning puzzle as well for comprehensive decision support. Further
optimization capabilities also can identify back-haul opportunities.
Cryogenic Temperature
Control Systems
Diesel fuel powered trucks and refrigerated units are what the industry
relies on. These trucks typically use 25
percent more fuel than regular transport
trucks. The refrigeration units generate
29 times more pollution than the truck
engine itself. In addition, due to how

noisy they can be, it can limit the delivery hours in some areas.
As companies seek sustainable ways
to reduce their carbon footprint and
impact on the environment, many are
switching to more fuel efficient and
quieter compressors. However, some are
turning to the promise of liquid nitrogen.
One method is an indirect system where
liquid nitrogen, stored in a tank below the
unit, flows through a heat exchanger and
evaporates, and fans circulate the cold air
throughout the compartment.
A second method is a direct system
where the liquid nitrogen is released
directly into the compartment. Nitrogen
itself is harmless. However, in a direct
system, the oxygen is depleted so there
are safety mechanisms built in that
delay access to the compartment for 1 to
2 minutes while the oxygen is restored.
Advocates for using liquid nitrogen
for cooling extol the benefits of this
technology as it can cost less to run, generates zero greenhouse gas emissions
and toxic pollution, and it doesn't rely
on refrigerant chemicals. Additionally,
it is also far quieter. Advancements such
as this provide new opportunities to
achieve sustainability objectives.
Today, the market is changing so rapidly that companies need to go beyond
traditional continuous improvement
and look for transformational ways to
deliver better service to their customers, manage disruptions to their supply
chain, increase profitability and, for
refrigerated food transport, ensure food
safety. To remain competitive, organizations must explore new disruptive
technologies and take intelligent risks.
Those that do will be at the forefront of
the industry as it evolves.
Ronald Thorburn is a global marketing manager for Quintiq, a Dassault Systèmes brand
and a global leader in supply chain planning
and optimization.
VOLUME 7, ISSUE 1 TLIMAGAZINE.COM

13


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue

Table Of Contents
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - Cover1
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - Cover2
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 1
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - Table Of Contents
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 3
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 4
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 5
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 6
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 7
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 8
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 9
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 10
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 11
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 12
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 13
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 14
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 15
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 16
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 17
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 18
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 19
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 20
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 21
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 22
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Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 51
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Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 53
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Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 55
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Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - 64
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - Cover3
Transportation & Logistics International 2018 - Volume 7, Issue - Cover4
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http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/knighthouse/tli_2016summer_vol2
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http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/tli_2016winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/tli_2015fall_v2
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/tli_2015fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/phoenix/tli_2015summer
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