Vim & Vigor - Summer 2018 - Community Healthcare - 39

TRUE OR FALSE:

Only overweight people have sleep apnea.

FALSE. People of all sizes can have the sleep disorder. Obesity,
however, is the primary risk factor for sleep apnea in adults and children.
(For younger ones, medical conditions such as enlarged tonsils can play a
role, too.) Obesity contributes to airway collapse in two ways: fat in the
neck can lead to narrowing of the upper airway and smaller breaths
(larger breaths actually help keep the airway open). Other risk factors
include family history and a person's sex-men are more likely to develop
sleep apnea than women, though women's risk rises after age 50.

TRUE OR FALSE:

Sleep apnea can lead to other serious medical
conditions.

TRUE. People with sleep apnea are at increased risk of high blood
pressure, heart disease and stroke. Sleep apnea events trigger the body's
autonomic or stress systems, Rowley says, resulting in short-term
increases in heart rate and blood pressure. Over time, these changes can
lead to heart disease and high blood pressure. In addition, decreases in
oxygen levels trigger inflammation, a factor in atherosclerosis, coronary
artery disease and stroke.

TRUE OR FALSE:

Changing sleep position will fix sleep apnea.

FALSE. In general, how a person sleeps rarely has an effect on
moderate to severe sleep apnea. In mild cases only, side sleeping can
be beneficial.

TRUE OR FALSE:

Sleep apnea is treated with medicine.

FALSE. Medications are generally not used to treat sleep apnea. The
most common and successful form of treatment is to use a continuous
positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine, a masklike medical device that
provides a continuous flow of air to keep the airway open during sleep.
Some people use an oral appliance to keep the airway open; others may
benefit from surgery to remove excess tissue.

TRUE OR FALSE:

Lifestyle changes are helpful for someone with
sleep apnea.

TRUE. Weight loss is the most important recommendation made by
sleep specialists. They discourage the use of alcohol near bedtime, as it
relaxes the throat muscles (consumption should end at least four hours
before going to sleep). Specialists also suggest regular exercise because
it helps with weight loss and provides cardiovascular benefits. ■

STEPS TO
BETTER SLEEP
Are you tired and groggy even after
a night's sleep? Take the first step to
improving your health with a sleep evaluation at the Sleep Diagnostics Centers of
Community Healthcare System.
"Quality sleep is essential to our
emotional and physical well-being,"
explains Marcia Alpuche, supervisor of
Community Hospital's Sleep Diagnostics
Center. "Ongoing disruptive sleep is wellknown to be a related cause of numerous
health issues, contributing significantly to
loss of productivity and poor concentration.
Plus, excessive daytime sleepiness more
than doubles the risk of car accidents."
If snoring is part of your nightly routine,
it could be a sign of obstructive sleep apnea
(OSA). However, "the only way to determine if it is caused by OSA is to have a sleep
evaluation," Alpuche says. "Your physician
can set up an appointment for a sleep study
or you can self-refer to one of our Sleep
Diagnostics Centers at Community Hospital
in Munster, St. Catherine Hospital in East
Chicago and St. Mary Medical Center
in Hobart."
The sleep study is a painless noninvasive
test called a polysomnogram that is used to
monitor sleep and breathing patterns while
one is at rest in a diagnostic room. The
patient-friendly room offers the comforts
of home-a full-sized bed, television and
private bathroom-while patients are evaluated by highly trained sleep technologists.

APPOINTMENTS

Need a Sleep Study?
Call Community Healthcare System's
Sleep Diagnostics Centers:
Munster (219-934-2873),
East Chicago (219-392-7666)
or Hobart (219-947-6790).

SUMME R 2018

39



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Vim & Vigor - Summer 2018 - Community Healthcare

Contents
Vim & Vigor - Summer 2018 - Community Healthcare - Cover1
Vim & Vigor - Summer 2018 - Community Healthcare - Cover2
Vim & Vigor - Summer 2018 - Community Healthcare - Contents
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