International Educator - May/June 2012 - 10

The Need for an Entrepreneur Visa
U.S. immigration law does not have a temporary visa or green card (permanent residence) category suitable for the typical foreign-born entrepreneur. While gaining approval for H-1B status as the founder/ CEO of a startup company has long been arduous, a 2010 policy memorandum released by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services made the situation worse.14 The memo was intended to restrict employers from leasing workers to other companies but had a much broader impact. Known as the Neufeld memo, it focuses on whether an employer “controls” the employee working on an H-1B visa. In a small policy change announced in August 2011, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services announced it would now permit H-1B temporary visas to be issued if an entrepreneur can show a board of directors “controls” him or her.15 However, since a founder is often also chairman of the board, or at least on the

Employers are skeptical the agency will change its ways but hope for the best.
board, it’s unknown how often the agency would approve an H-1B petition in such circumstances. Other visa categories are also problematic. An L-1 temporary visa (for intracompany transferees) could only be used to petition for an executive if the company has maintained an office abroad and the individual has worked a year or more outside the United States. An E-2 visa for treaty investors is designed as a temporary visa and its holder is assumed to not seek permanent residence in the United States. Moreover, the category is not available to nationals of all countries, most notably India and China. The EB-5 (employment-based fifth preference) immigrant investor visa also does not work for most foreign entrepreneurs.

To gain permanent residence (a green card) in that category, the person must invest either $1 million or $500,000 (if in a Regional Center) and create at least 10 jobs for U.S. workers. Immigration attorneys say today the financing involved in a typical EB-5 case consists primarily of raising capital for existing projects rather than for starting new businesses. While U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services’ denials and policy pronouncements have been part of the problem for entrepreneurs, its director Alejandro Mayorkas hopes the agency will become part of the solution. At a gathering in Silicon Valley this year, Mayorkas announced an “Entrepreneurs in Residence” program that will enlist people from the private sector to “guide policy and training for officials who make decisions on individual immigration applications.”16 Employers are skeptical the agency will change its ways but hope for the best. Ultimately, the best solution would be for Congress to change the law and add a new

The University of Melbourne, Australia

Australian universities continue to experience growth in outbound education abroad participation rates, with none more so than the University of Melbourne. Essential to this growth is our commitment to the importance of education abroad as a valuable part of a student’s learning journey, and recognition of the role that students play in shaping a truly global Melbourne Experience. As the Australian leader* in education abroad, the University of Melbourne enables students to become globally engaged. Encouraged by curriculum integration and a key focus on increasing intercultural effectiveness, students have access to an ever increasing suite of education abroad opportunities that help to make us an international leader. Learn more about the education abroad opportunities through Melbourne Global Mobility, and the flexibility, choice and impact for students at: www.mobility.unimelb.edu.au
*Australian Universities International Directors’ Forum (AUIDF) 2011 Outbound Mobility Survey

InternatIonal educator M AY + J U N E .1 2

travelling studios, global practicums, service learning

10  

CRICOS: 00116K

www.mobility.unimelb.edu.au


http://www.mobility.unimelb.edu.au http://www.mobility.unimelb.edu.au http://www.mobility.unimelb.edu.au

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - May/June 2012

International Educator - May/June 2012
Table of Contents
From the Editors
Frontlines
In Brief
Voices
Leaving Light Footprints
Weathering the Storm
Pathfinders
IUPUI—Choosing Partners Carefully for an Urban Research University
Education Abroad
Foreign Student Affairs
Partnering
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2012 - CT1
International Educator - May/June 2012 - CT2
International Educator - May/June 2012 - International Educator - May/June 2012
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Cover2
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Table of Contents
International Educator - May/June 2012 - From the Editors
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 3
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Frontlines
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 5
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 6
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 7
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 8
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 9
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 10
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 11
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 12
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 13
International Educator - May/June 2012 - In Brief
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 15
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 16
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 17
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 18
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 19
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 20
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International Educator - May/June 2012 - 24
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 25
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 26
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 27
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Voices
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 29
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 30
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 31
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 32
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 33
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 34
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 35
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 36
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 37
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 38
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 39
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Leaving Light Footprints
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 41
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 42
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 43
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 44
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 45
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International Educator - May/June 2012 - 50
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 51
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 52
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 53
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Weathering the Storm
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 55
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 56
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 57
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 58
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 59
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 60
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International Educator - May/June 2012 - 72
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 73
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 74
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 75
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Pathfinders
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 77
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 78
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 79
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 80
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 81
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 82
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International Educator - May/June 2012 - 88
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 89
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 90
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 91
International Educator - May/June 2012 - IUPUI—Choosing Partners Carefully for an Urban Research University
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 93
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 94
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 95
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 96
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 97
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International Educator - May/June 2012 - 106
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 107
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 108
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 109
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Education Abroad
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 111
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 112
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 113
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Foreign Student Affairs
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 115
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 116
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 117
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Partnering
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 119
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 120
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 121
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 122
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 123
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Forum
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 125
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 126
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 127
International Educator - May/June 2012 - In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Cover3
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Cover4
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