International Educator - May/June 2012 - 63

“In Trinity, a lot of services have been cut,” says Samuel Mealy, a Trinity College student of Hicks who is finishing “What’s also worrying us in Ireland— a double bachelor’s degree in history and political sciand in Italy—is that many new ence. “Library open hours have been cut dramatically, university jobs won’t be permanent. even though Trinity is supposedly the best university in Ireland. Last semester, the library was not open at all on Instead of hiring a junior lecturer for life, Sunday, though this semester it is. Also, some classes that they hire a temporary one for two years are supposed to have one lecture and one tutorial now with no rights.” just have one joint tutorial. And academic lecturers have had to shoulder administrative burdens.” While funding is tight and the higher education system is is not bad if you are a full professor, but bad if you are just in the door. stressed, some university and institute leaders say they are conAnd there is the sense that things will continue and get worse.” “What’s also worrying us in Ireland—and in Italy—is that many tinuing to launch efforts to improve education at their institutions. new university jobs won’t be permanent. Instead of hiring a junior lec- Dublin City University’s MacCraith says that his institution in Septurer for life, they hire a temporary one for two years with no rights. tember 2011 launched an effort, Generation 21, to better align skills More and more they are aligning us with the U.S. system. It’s a ques- students are learning with life and workplace demands. Through dialogue with employers, “Generation tion of money. They’ve had to reduce permanent academics. Right now 80 percent of academics in Ireland are permanent.” 21 identified six key attributes around the issues of Maynooth’s Taylor says that while Irish cuts to date have been pain- creativity, problemsolving, lifelong learning, and ful, the relative accord through which public sector employees and innovation,” MacCraith says. “Employers, for the government agreed to them have avoided what could have been example, indicated that bright students who much greater acrimony. “One of the things that distinguishes us from can’t work in teams are of no value to them. Portugal, Spain, and others is the better behavior of the public service To instill these skills, we have rewritten all unions and the government through the [2010] Croke Parke Agree- our educational modules and learning outment. All the public services agreed to involve themselves in serious comes, more than 2,500 total, to ensure all students cost cutting measures rather than have massive redundancies [layoffs] coming through the university can expect to develop and cuts imposed upon them. As for the universities, we have tried to all six attributes. And all students have an e-portfolio cut any unnecessary costs. We have suffered budget reductions and where their personal development is recorded and indiwe are about to get another one. Like many, they are problematic. But cates what they have done with respect to the six attributes.” they are relatively low cuts compared to what might have been the situBut in an era of austerity, that effort was underwritten at a ation because of that agreement, given the general economic situation.” huge cost of administrative toil. “It was a huge commitment of our academic faculty involving a year to 18 months of effort on top of their day jobs, but the outside world is changing at Making Adjustments Many higher education institutions reduced damage by quickly ad- rapid pace and the university needs to be agile and adapt to justing to the likelihood of a future of reduced funding. “Three years that,” MacCraith says. The educational sector as a whole is also attempting to adjust to ago we could see we were heading into recession and we started to adapt,” says Ciarán Ó Catháin, president of Athlone Institute of the changing reality and evolving future demands in higher eduTechnology. “There were some nice things we would have liked to cation by implementing recommendations of the Hunt Report, a have done that we said we can’t do now, but we made sure front-line seminal report on higher education reform in Ireland released in services to students were not impacted. Because of our hard deci- January 2011. A key finding of that report now being implemented sions on controlling spending, we’re running a small surplus into is the creation of technological institutions that focus on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and directly feed into the 2012, though next year will be a tight year.” Some Irish professors and administrators say they have had to needs of the Irish industry. Further difficult choices await. Foremost among them is the cut back and shoulder more burdens. “It’s clear there is not a lot of spending money around to fund new question of whether Irish undergraduate students should pay more projects,” says Tim Hicks, an assistant professor of political economy toward the cost of their educations. While students do not pay tuat Trinity College, University of Dublin. “It’s tangibly more difficult ition for their undergraduate educations, they do pay a student to invite guest speakers from farther away, like the U.S., so we are less services charge for registration and exams that has nearly tripled likely to do that. I think that, so far at least, we are all pulling together, from €825 in 2007–08 to €2,250 in 2012–13, with the Ministry of but I don’t know what is to come. The current state is far from ideal, Education predicting further hikes of €250 annually through 2015. Many students, looking apprehensively at very significant tuition but I think we are probably managing to give the students a pretty hikes in neighboring Britain, are exerting enormous pressure to pregood experience.”

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - May/June 2012

International Educator - May/June 2012
Table of Contents
From the Editors
Frontlines
In Brief
Voices
Leaving Light Footprints
Weathering the Storm
Pathfinders
IUPUI—Choosing Partners Carefully for an Urban Research University
Education Abroad
Foreign Student Affairs
Partnering
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2012 - CT1
International Educator - May/June 2012 - CT2
International Educator - May/June 2012 - International Educator - May/June 2012
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Cover2
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Table of Contents
International Educator - May/June 2012 - From the Editors
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 3
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Frontlines
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 5
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 6
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 7
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 8
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 9
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 10
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 11
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 12
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 13
International Educator - May/June 2012 - In Brief
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 15
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 16
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 17
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International Educator - May/June 2012 - 26
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 27
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Voices
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 29
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 30
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 31
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International Educator - May/June 2012 - 39
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Leaving Light Footprints
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International Educator - May/June 2012 - 52
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 53
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Weathering the Storm
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 55
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 56
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International Educator - May/June 2012 - 75
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Pathfinders
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 77
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 78
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 79
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International Educator - May/June 2012 - 91
International Educator - May/June 2012 - IUPUI—Choosing Partners Carefully for an Urban Research University
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 93
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International Educator - May/June 2012 - 109
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Education Abroad
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 111
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 112
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 113
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Foreign Student Affairs
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 115
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 116
International Educator - May/June 2012 - 117
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Partnering
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International Educator - May/June 2012 - Forum
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International Educator - May/June 2012 - 127
International Educator - May/June 2012 - In Focus
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Cover3
International Educator - May/June 2012 - Cover4
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