International Educator - January/February 2013 - 10
INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION NEWS, VIEWS & INSIGHTS
International Students Contribute Nearly $22 Billion to U.S. Economy
INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS BRING MANY POSITIVE THINGS to their campuses and communities, and their financial contributions are not to be overlooked. According to NAFSA’s Economic Impact Analysis report, released in November 2011, international students and their dependents added $21.81 billion to the economy. Through tuition, fees, and other living expenses, international student spending is a significant benefit to the U.S. economy. NAFSA produces the report using Wintergreen Orchard House data on tuition and living expenses along with enrollment statistics from the Institute of International Education’s Open Doors report. Jason Baumgartner, from Indiana University-Bloomington’s Office of International Services, analyzes the data. For more information and state-bystate reports, visit www.nafsa.org/eis/.
INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR J A N + F E B . 13
Record Year for International Student Enrollment, Only Modest Uptick of U.S. Students Studying Abroad
account for one of every four international students. China is the top country of origin, with 194,029 students, and India, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Canada follow. Saudi Arabia showed a substantial change in student enrollment, increasing more than 50 percent from the previous year. California hosts the most international students, up from 96,535 in 2010–2011 to 102,789. New York, Texas, Massachusetts, and Illinois round out the top five. Of the top ten host states, only Texas experienced a drop in international student enrollment. The number of U.S. students studying abroad continues to rise, increasing to 273,996. Study abroad figures have increased threefold in the past 20 years, but study abroad students only represent 1.4 percent of all U.S. students in higher education. The United Kingdom continues to be the top destination, followed by Italy, Spain, France, and China. These five countries have held their spots as the top destinations for several years. Mexico and Japan showed drastic decreases in U.S. student enrollment, experiencing drops of 41 percent and 33 percent respectively. U.S. students in China increased by 5 percent, and India saw a 12 percent increase. More than half U.S. students study abroad in Europe, and enrollment in Asia, Africa, and Latin America decreased. The Middle East showed a modest increase of 0.8 percent. Of U.S. students studying abroad, nearly 60 percent participate in shortterm study of eight weeks or less. Semester and quarter programs account for 38 percent of students. Only 3.9 percent of U.S. students study abroad for an entire academic year. To view the report, visit www.iie.org/ opendoors/.
MARC DIETRICH / SHUTTERSTOCK
N TERNATIONAL STUDEN T enrollment in the United States rose by nearly 6 percent in 2011–2012 while U.S. study abroad numbers increased 1.3 percent in 2010–2011, according the latest Open Doors report released in November 2012 by the Institute of International Education. The 764,495 international students studying in the United States in 2011 mark an all-time high, up 5.7 percent from the previous year. New international enrollment rose 6.5 percent, and international students now comprise 3.7 percent of the student population in U.S. higher education. A notable increase in international students comes at the undergraduate level, up 6.1 percent to 309,342 students and surpassing the number of international graduate students for the first time since 2000–2001. Following several years of increases above 20 percent, Chinese students now