International Educator - January/February 2013 - 26

Healing Rwanda
Farther west, at Nebraska’s Wesleyan University, Gerise Herndon uses similar exercises as part of her work directing the school’s gender studies program. Herndon spent much of her 2009–2010 sabbatical year in Kigali, Rwanda’s capital, researching women’s groups, visiting genocide memorials, and talking to genocide survivors about their rapes and resulting HIV infections. “I felt compelled to bear witness to what I saw when I was there,” says Herndon, who helped develop a gender studies curriculum for the nation’s first gender studies department within the Centre for Gender, Culture, and Development at the Kigali Institute of Education. “I felt almost deputized to teach these things to students, especially here in the Midwest where students probably aren’t aware of

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR J A N + F E B . 13

Buffalo State College/ Anne Frank Project students with children from a village in the Muhanga District of Rwanda. Muhanga is the official “Sister City” of Buffalo, New York. Students donated a cow to a family in need in January 2012.

how international policy can affect human beings, or that in the case of Rwanda, the U.S. knew what was going on, but refused to do anything because it had no economic interests in Rwanda.” Back in Nebraska, Herndon started a course in spring 2011 called “Rwanda Through Film and Literature,” which introduces students to the country’s history, and which may lead to a visit to Rwanda next summer. She has hosted on-campus speeches by Emmanuel Habimana, orphaned by Rwanda’s genocide at 9 years old and later enslaved by the Hutu militia until Ugandan army troops liberated him. Other speakers have included Carl Wilkens, the only U.S. citizen to remain in Rwanda during the 1994 genocide, and the University of Missouri’s Rangira Bea Gallimore, who describes how Rwandan rape victims had to overcome the challenge of talking about their attacks—in large part because the Kinyarwanda language has no word for “rape.”

Using Theater for Change
When the Buffalo State (SUNY) Theater Department first staged its creative take on the Diary of Anne Frank—weaving into the story the horrors of

26  

COURTESY OF DREW KAHN

Herndon also brought to campus the documentary ICYIZERE:hope, which chronicles a reconciliation workshop in Rwanda that brought together 10 survivors and 10 perpetrators of the 1994 genocide. Filmmaker Patrick Mureithi, a Kenya native, gave a lecture and answered audience questions. “In this region of the country, students when they first arrive do not necessarily have a sense of global citizenship,” Herndon said. “After these speeches and classes, they’re sometimes angry that they were not taught about these genocides before. And then they’re angry that the U.S. government did not intervene on behalf of human beings, and they want to find something constructive they can do.” That urge to do something constructive has led some of Herndon’s students to teach English to grade school students in a nearby resettlement community for refugees from Iraq, Sudan, and in Bosnia-Herzegovina, where conflict between the three main ethnic groups, the Serbs, Croats, and Muslims, led to 200,000 Serbian massacres of Muslims from 1992–1995. Students have also participated in food and clothing drives for the refugees, helped them fill out government forms, and instructed parents about U.S. laws on child rearing and domestic violence. Other students have worked political channels to advocate for more U.S. funding for nations with histories of genocide. One group of students created a short film that surveyed campus students about their awareness of genocide. “When they realize that right here we have immigrants from wars involving genocide—from Iraq and Sudan and the former Yugoslavia—they see how difficult these people’s lives are,” Herndon said. Chloe Petit, a 20-year-old Belgium native who studies acting at Nebraska Wesleyan and has been Herndon’s student instructor, was “surprised and sad” after first hearing the campus speeches of genocide victims. Afterwards, she went to live with relatives in Kigali in the summer of 2011 and traveled the country. “I learned before leaving the United States that the Rwandan people generally don’t talk about the genocide and don’t show their emotions about the genocide and its impact on them,” Petit said. “But every time I saw someone with the cutting tool they use to farm—but that was also used to kill during the genocide—I felt threatened.”



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - January/February 2013

International Educator - January/February 2013
Table of Contents
From the Editors
Frontlines
In Brief
Intimate Proximity: The Human Face of Genocide
After the Curtain Fell
University of Michigan: Global Giant
Special Section: Japan
Education Abroad
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - January/February 2013 - International Educator - January/February 2013
International Educator - January/February 2013 - Cover2
International Educator - January/February 2013 - Table of Contents
International Educator - January/February 2013 - From the Editors
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 3
International Educator - January/February 2013 - Frontlines
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 5
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 6
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 7
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 8
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 9
International Educator - January/February 2013 - In Brief
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 11
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 12
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 13
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 14
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 15
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 16
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 17
International Educator - January/February 2013 - Intimate Proximity: The Human Face of Genocide
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 19
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 20
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 21
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 22
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 23
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 24
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 25
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 26
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 27
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 28
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 29
International Educator - January/February 2013 - After the Curtain Fell
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 31
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 32
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 33
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 34
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 35
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 36
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 37
International Educator - January/February 2013 - University of Michigan: Global Giant
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 39
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 40
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 41
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 42
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 43
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 44
International Educator - January/February 2013 - Special Section: Japan
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 46
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 47
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 48
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 49
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 50
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 51
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 52
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 53
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 54
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 55
International Educator - January/February 2013 - Education Abroad
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 57
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 58
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 59
International Educator - January/February 2013 - Forum
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 61
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 62
International Educator - January/February 2013 - 63
International Educator - January/February 2013 - In Focus
International Educator - January/February 2013 - Cover3
International Educator - January/February 2013 - Cover4
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