International Educator - March/April 2013 - 6

TABLE 1

Increase of International Students From India: 1949 to 2010
Year

Indian Students in the United States

1949–1950

1,359

1959–1960

3,780

1969–1970

11,329

1979–1980

8,760

1989–1990

26,240

1999–2000

42,337

2005–2006

76,503

2010–2011

103,895

Institute of International Education . “All Places of Origin of International Students,” 1949–50 to
2010–11, Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange.

TABLE 2

International Students From India and North Korea
Country

International Students in U.S. in 2010–11

North Korea

16

India

103,895

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR M A R + A P R . 13

Institute of International Education . “All Places of Origin of International Students,” 1949–50 to
2010–11, Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange

6  

In fact, Company B will be the better
company. Company B is going to work
to continue to improve and to treat employees well to avoid losing people. When
competing internationally, Company B is
most likely to succeed in the global marketplace, even if talented people sometimes
will leave to work elsewhere. On the other
hand, with no need to compete for workers, Company A will stagnate. It has a
guaranteed stream of workers whose
wages it can dictate, so it doesn’t need to
get better. With little incentive to improve,
the performance of Company A is likely to
grow worse over time. Any rational person
with talent and ambition would prefer to
work in Company B.
In the real world, think about countries
instead of companies. And think of Company A as North Korea and Company B as
India. In North Korea, people can’t vote, not
even with their feet. One of the first actions
of North Korea’s new leader was to assign
20,000 additional troops to the Chinese

border and increase punishments to prevent people from leaving. “The crackdown,
they say, coincides with the rise of new
leader Kim Jong-eun, and suggests that his
authoritarian police state is not only worried
about people leaving the country, but also
strong enough to stop them,” reports the
Washington Post.1 A good rule of thumb to
follow for governments is to do the opposite
of whatever North Korea does.
Contrast North Korea’s policy with
India’s. As Indian families gained more
resources, much of that money went into
educating their children, including paying
to school their children abroad. As Table 1
shows, in the 1949–50 academic year only
1,359 Indians studied at U.S. universities.
That number rose to 3,780 a decade later.
As recently as 1979–80 the figure was only
as high as 8,760. By the 1989–90 academic
year, 26,240 Indians were studying in the
United States, a figure that rose to 42,337
by 1999–2000 and reached 103,895 in
2010–2011.2 Only 16 students from North

Korea studied in the United States in the
2010–2011 academic year (see Table 2).

Indian Economic Growth Aided
by International Students
Indian young people studying in other
countries had a profoundly positive impact
on economic reform inside India. A country saddled with largely socialist policies
that produced little economic growth, India
introduced market-oriented reforms—the
most important ones starting in 1991—that
have lifted millions out of poverty, created
middle class consumers, and spawned numerous high technology companies.
Palaniappan Chidambaram, a former
Indian finance minister, credits the free
movement of Indians with the positive
changes seen in India in recent decades.
Chidambaram, who was a socialist before
attending Harvard Business School and experiencing the United States, said, “First, the
phenomenal success achieved by Indians
abroad by practicing free enterprise meant



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - March/April 2013

International Educator - March/April 2013
Contents
From the Editors
Front Lines
In Brief
Emerging Giant
Local Goes Global
Accelerating Global Learning at Home and Abroad
Foreign Student Affairs
Partnering
In Focus
Intenational Educator Language Supplement
Contents
New Tools of the Trade
Intensive English Language
Intensive Foreign Language
International Educator - March/April 2013 - International Educator - March/April 2013
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Cover2
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Contents
International Educator - March/April 2013 - From the Editors
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 3
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Front Lines
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 5
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 6
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 7
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 8
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 9
International Educator - March/April 2013 - In Brief
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 11
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 12
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 13
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 14
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 15
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 16
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 17
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 18
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 19
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 20
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 21
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Emerging Giant
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 23
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 24
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 25
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 26
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 27
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 28
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 29
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 30
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 31
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Local Goes Global
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 33
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 34
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 35
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 36
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 37
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 38
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 39
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 40
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 41
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 42
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 43
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Accelerating Global Learning at Home and Abroad
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 45
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 46
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 47
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 48
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 49
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 50
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 51
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 52
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 53
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Foreign Student Affairs
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 55
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 56
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 57
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 58
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 59
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Partnering
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 61
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 62
International Educator - March/April 2013 - 63
International Educator - March/April 2013 - In Focus
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Cover3
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Cover4
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Intenational Educator Language Supplement
International Educator - March/April 2013 - SCover
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Contents
International Educator - March/April 2013 - New Tools of the Trade
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S3
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S4
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S5
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S6
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S7
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S8
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S9
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S10
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S11
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S12
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S13
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S14
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S15
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Intensive English Language
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S17
International Educator - March/April 2013 - Intensive Foreign Language
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S19
International Educator - March/April 2013 - S20
International Educator - March/April 2013 - SCover3
International Educator - March/April 2013 - SCover4
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