International Educator - November/December 2013 - 28

28

Intercultural Understanding
Crucial for Building Partnerships
Subtle cultural factors can impact partnerships, notes
Nancy Johnson, a University of Kentucky associate
professor of management who participated in the
university's exchange with Kufa.
"We worked on pedagogy, such as active learning
techniques," Johnson says. "We also exposed them to
business concepts that we routinely teach and that
they have not had under socialism, such as consumer
behavior, services marketing, negotiation, analytics,
and lean manufacturing," Johnson says. "We initially
met with some resistance to these topics, but exposure created recognition that these were important
concepts to teach to students. Because of restrictions
by the Ministry of Higher Education, they couldn't
easily add a whole course on consumer behavior but
they could add it as a part of a marketing course."
"I think we did have an impact," Johnson says. "They
actually did go to the Ministry of Higher Education
to ask for modifications to allow the addition of the
modules to their courses. I believe they were successful
in getting approval to add some of them. At the end of
it, I think that they better understood how the American system worked. They also changed how students
are assessed. Before, they used to just test at the end
of the semester. Now they have added small exams,
cases, and homework. I think it was really beneficial
to our faculty as well. Meeting their Iraqi counterparts
opened up another part of the world to them."
Establishing relationships can be a challenge, says
Gayle Nelson, a professor of applied linguistics at
Georgia State University who successfully applied
for her university's participation in the ULP program,

in which it ultimately partnered with University of
Baghdad. "I knew that there were negotiations going
on in our country and in Iraq, so I e-mailed the director of [Academy of Education Development (AED),
now FHI 360) at the time and talked about my experience with the Middle East, where I've worked a
long time and lived. It was hard to get administrative buy-in here. They were concerned about faculty
travelling to Iraq due to security issues." Such concern
continues. "A team of 10 GSU faculty were scheduled
to conduct training in Irbil during summer 2013, but
this portion of the program was canceled due to the
administration's concerns for our safety," Nelson says.
Nor was all smooth sailing once Nelson arrived
in Baghdad. "We were there for four days to find out
what the country needed and to negotiate," Nelson
says. "We met all the department chairs and representatives of the colleges we'd work with and negotiated
the best way to proceed. Those were not easy meetings. It took a while to understand their reality, such
as how little control they have over what they teach.
The Ministry of Higher Education controls that. Even
to introduce American literature, all the changes have
to be approved. Teachers don't have as much leeway-you can train teachers but they can't necessarily
use all the methods or materials that you give them."
The benefits to American universities are manyfold. "One interest of the U.S. universities is adding
diversity to the campus," says Holland. "Many of those
Iraqis involved in exchanges are professors and students who come to Ball State and our students get to
interact with them. This increases the international
diversification on campus and also helps with research, with collaborations between faculty leading

COURTESY OF GAYLE NELSON

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR N O V + D E C .1 3

Gayle Nelson, second from
left, from Georgia State
University with University of
Baghdad colleagues at the
TESOL Arabia Conference,
March 14, 2013, Dubai, UAE.
In picture from left: Sabah
S. Mustafa, Gayle Nelson,
Iman Abdulatif, Rasha
Azeez, Sabah Atallah Ali,
May Kadhim, and Nidham
Sheet Hameed.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - November/December 2013

International Educator - November/december 2013
Contents
From the Editors
In Brief
Core Values
Reawakening Higher Education in Iraq
University of South Florida: What's in a Name? The World
Foreign Student Affairs
View From Out Here
Forum
In Focus
Supplement
When a Student Dies Abroad
International Educator - November/December 2013 - International Educator - November/december 2013
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Cover2
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Contents
International Educator - November/December 2013 - From the Editors
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - In Brief
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 5
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 6
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 7
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 8
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 9
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 10
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 11
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 12
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 13
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Core Values
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 15
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 16
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 17
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 18
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 19
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 20
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 21
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 22
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 23
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Reawakening Higher Education in Iraq
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 25
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 26
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 27
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 28
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 29
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 30
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 31
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 32
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 33
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 34
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 35
International Educator - November/December 2013 - University of South Florida: What's in a Name? The World
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 37
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 38
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 39
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 40
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 41
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 42
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 43
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Foreign Student Affairs
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 45
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 46
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 47
International Educator - November/December 2013 - View From Out Here
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 49
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 50
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 51
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Forum
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 53
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 54
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 55
International Educator - November/December 2013 - In Focus
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Cover3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Cover4
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Supplement
International Educator - November/December 2013 - SCover2
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S1
International Educator - November/December 2013 - When a Student Dies Abroad
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S4
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S5
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S6
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S7
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S8
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S9
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S10
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S11
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S12
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S13
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S14
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S15
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S16
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S17
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S18
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S19
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S20
International Educator - November/December 2013 - SCover3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - SCover4
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