International Educator - November/December 2013 - 32

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR N O V + D E C .1 3

32

While down from 2006-07 levels, violence directed at academics continues at a high rate, Miller
says. "We've documented a dozen assassinations of
academics in the last two years," says IIE's Miller. "In
any other country in the world there would be an
outcry if four university professors were killed in the
last six months, but in Iraq it has left the front pages."
Attacks involving higher education institutions have
included attacks during final exams and at graduation
ceremonies, Miller says.
"Many academics in Iraq today have learned to
maintain a low profile," Miller says. "Unfortunately,
in recent years, applications have started to come to
us from professors reporting death threats from militant students demanding higher marks or a passing
grade. Many times, the scholars feel the necessity to
cave for their own security, giving the grade, often a
'C' instead of a 'D.'"
"With regard to violence
and the general security
A large difference for many
situation, it is undoubtedly
true that a lack of security is
international partnerships has
one of the major problems
been the proliferation of video
that are challenging our acconferencing facilities in Iraq,
ademic life and educational
programs due to many limwhich allow ready exchange
itations imposed on our
of ideas between continents
educational institutions,"
without the dangers and costs
says Bashar M. Mizaal,
a University of Baghdad
involved in physical travel.
instructor of English translation who participated in
the ULP exchange with GSU. "For example, due to
security problems we cannot expand the evening
studies time [on campus] after 6:00 p.m. and in many
cases this time is reduced to 4:30 p.m. due to security
concern; which means less hours of study. Psychologically, insecurities make students reluctant to come
to college and also students are less active when the
situation outside the college is tense."
In such a climate, many Iraqi scholars decline to return. "I cannot go back now, it's madness," says Abdul
Sattar Al Mamouri, a professor of comparative literature and Middle Eastern studies at Duke University.
Al Mamouri fled from Iraq in 2005: "My office in The
Baghdad Mirror, which I edited, was demolished by a
car bomb in an attempt on my life. After that I became
a dean of the College of Arts at Mustansiriya University in Baghdad, and this time the Mahdi Army militia
surrounded my office and I was forced to resign."
"So far, Iraq is ripped with sectarian conflict and
there is a lack of will for a national reconciliation," says

Al Mamouri. "The theocratic regime of Iraq cannot
protect the liberal minds, intellectuals, and academic
freedom. The country remains an urban jungle, with a
lack of security, public services, and political will. We
need a functioning representative government that
protects freedom of speech, free press, and academic
freedom with a real interest in rebuilding the country
to catch up with the world. Money and power are the
motto of the Iraqi politicians now."
Those dangers notwithstanding, many say progress is being made. Academics continue to delicately
make visits. And a large difference for many international partnerships has been the proliferation of
video conferencing facilities in Iraq, which allow
ready exchange of ideas between continents without
the dangers and costs involved in physical travel.

Study Abroad Scholarships
A major source of financial support for U.S.-Iraqi
partnerships are several scholarship programs from
different government organizations in Iraq, including the KRG. The scholarship programs are supplying
U.S. universities with a steady stream of Iraqi university faculty, staff, and graduate students, in the hopes
they will return and repopulate a Iraqi professional
class decimated by war and emigration. They include
programs run by the Iraqi Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research; the Higher Committee
for Educational Development (HCED), which is affiliated with the Iraqi Prime Minister's office; and the
Human Capacity Development Program (HCDP),
which is administered by the KRG's Ministry of
Higher Education and Scientific Research.
HCED, for example, has secured more than 1,500
admissions for master's and doctorate students, including 697 students in the United States, according
to a fact sheet from EducationUSA. Representatives
of both the Ministry of Higher Education and HCED
says that most scholarship grantees have returned
to Iraq.
Despite the increasing sectarian nature of the conflict in Iraq, one education executive insisted that its
allocation of scholarships has remained above such
pressures. "We get 1,000 scholarships a year from
the prime minister's budget divided among Iraqi
province by population," says Dr. Zuhair Humadi,
General Director, HCED, a NAFSA Cassandra Pyle
award recipient. "Everyone is getting an opportunity
to compete for these scholarships through competition among students in provinces. Twenty-four
percent of our applicants are female and 25 percent
of scholarship holders are female based on competi-



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - November/December 2013

International Educator - November/december 2013
Contents
From the Editors
In Brief
Core Values
Reawakening Higher Education in Iraq
University of South Florida: What's in a Name? The World
Foreign Student Affairs
View From Out Here
Forum
In Focus
Supplement
When a Student Dies Abroad
International Educator - November/December 2013 - International Educator - November/december 2013
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Cover2
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Contents
International Educator - November/December 2013 - From the Editors
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - In Brief
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 5
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 6
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 7
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 8
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 9
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 10
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 11
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 12
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 13
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Core Values
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 15
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 16
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 17
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 18
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 19
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 20
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 21
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 22
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 23
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Reawakening Higher Education in Iraq
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 25
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 26
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 27
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 28
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 29
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 30
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 31
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 32
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 33
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 34
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 35
International Educator - November/December 2013 - University of South Florida: What's in a Name? The World
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 37
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 38
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 39
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 40
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 41
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 42
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 43
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Foreign Student Affairs
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 45
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 46
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 47
International Educator - November/December 2013 - View From Out Here
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 49
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 50
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 51
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Forum
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 53
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 54
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 55
International Educator - November/December 2013 - In Focus
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Cover3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Cover4
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Supplement
International Educator - November/December 2013 - SCover2
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S1
International Educator - November/December 2013 - When a Student Dies Abroad
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S4
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S5
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S6
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S7
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S8
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S9
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S10
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S11
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S12
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S13
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S14
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S15
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S16
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S17
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S18
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S19
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S20
International Educator - November/December 2013 - SCover3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - SCover4
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