International Educator - November/December 2013 - 52

FORUM

By Madeleine Green

Acting as Global Citizens: A Challenge to
U.S. Colleges and Universities

H

IGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS in the United States are increasingly using the

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR N O V + D E C .1 3

language of "global citizenship" to describe the skills and habits they seek to cultivate in their
students. The journey to global citizenship frequently focuses on the exploration of personal
and social responsibility in the context of an interconnected world. In an earlier article for
NAFSA's Trends & Insights series, I noted the variety of ways global citizenship can be interpreted: (1) as a choice and way of thinking; (2) as self-awareness and awareness of others; (3)
as the practice of cultural empathy; (4) as the cultivation of principled decision making; and
(5) as participation in the social and political life of one's community. Institutions can be proud
indeed if they are succeeding in cultivating these worthy habits of mind in their students.

52

But shouldn't colleges and universities be models
for global citizens as well? According to the International Association of Universities (IAU) and the
growing global conversation around "rethinking internationalization," the answer is yes. Colleges and
universities are part of a global system of higher
education, in which their actions matter and have an
impact on others. In "Affirming Academic Values in
Internationalization of Higher Education: A Call to
Action," a recent statement and call to action, IAU
points not only to the widely agreed-upon benefits of
internationalization, but also to warn of the possible
adverse consequences that are increasingly apparent
as internationalization efforts mature and intensify in
the context of increased globalization. Such potential
negative aspects and those already visible include the
dominance of English at the cost of linguistic diversity; the pursuit of the single model of excellence of
the "world-class university" at the cost of differentiated institutional missions and potentially unwise
investments; brain drain; questionable practices in
recruiting and the challenges of providing a quality experience for international students; unevenly
shared institutional benefits of internationalization;
and the pursuit of international reputation and resources at the expense of academic values. IAU calls
on higher education institutions to affirm academic
and socially responsible values and goals that un-

derpin their internationalization efforts, and asks
institutions everywhere to "act as responsible global
citizens, committed to help shape a global system of
higher education that values academic integrity, quality, equitable access, and reciprocity."
In "Higher Education Internationalization: Seeking a New Balance of Values," a 2012 NAFSA Trends
& Insights essay, IAU Secretary-General Eva EgronPolak elaborated on the values affirmed in the call
to action. While no one in higher education would
argue with these ethical values and morally sound
principles, it is always easier to affirm values than to
operationalize them. So what does this call to action
mean concretely for institutions as they engage with
the world? Below are several questions to guide reflection as institutions seek to live by their principles.
To what extent do our practices in recruiting
and providing a positive educational and social experience for international students align with the
values and principles we articulate?
The race to recruit international students is a global
one. In the United States, the United Kingdom, and
Australia, the drive for revenue has put intense pressure
on institutions to diversify their sources of income, with
international student recruitment figuring prominently
among them. At the same time, institutions are sincere
in pointing to the contribution of international students



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - November/December 2013

International Educator - November/december 2013
Contents
From the Editors
In Brief
Core Values
Reawakening Higher Education in Iraq
University of South Florida: What's in a Name? The World
Foreign Student Affairs
View From Out Here
Forum
In Focus
Supplement
When a Student Dies Abroad
International Educator - November/December 2013 - International Educator - November/december 2013
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Cover2
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Contents
International Educator - November/December 2013 - From the Editors
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - In Brief
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 5
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 6
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 7
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 8
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 9
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 10
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 11
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 12
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 13
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Core Values
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 15
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 16
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 17
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 18
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 19
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 20
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 21
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 22
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 23
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Reawakening Higher Education in Iraq
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 25
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 26
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 27
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 28
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 29
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 30
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 31
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 32
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 33
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 34
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 35
International Educator - November/December 2013 - University of South Florida: What's in a Name? The World
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 37
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 38
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 39
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 40
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 41
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 42
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 43
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Foreign Student Affairs
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 45
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 46
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 47
International Educator - November/December 2013 - View From Out Here
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 49
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 50
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 51
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Forum
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 53
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 54
International Educator - November/December 2013 - 55
International Educator - November/December 2013 - In Focus
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Cover3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Cover4
International Educator - November/December 2013 - Supplement
International Educator - November/December 2013 - SCover2
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S1
International Educator - November/December 2013 - When a Student Dies Abroad
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S4
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S5
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S6
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S7
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S8
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S9
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S10
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S11
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S12
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S13
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S14
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S15
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S16
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S17
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S18
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S19
International Educator - November/December 2013 - S20
International Educator - November/December 2013 - SCover3
International Educator - November/December 2013 - SCover4
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