International Educator - July/August 2014 - 28

Quadir Amiryar,
previously served
in various roles
in the Afghan
government,
including senior
adviser to the
Ministry of Higher
Education, where
he assisted
in writing
Afghanistan's
National Higher
Education
Strategic Plan.

institutions. Through the program, at least two dozen
Stanford students have visited Afghanistan to participate
in the project, says Megan Karsh, a Stanford Law School
Rule of Law fellow who helps administer the program.
This speaks to Stanford's emphasis on sustainable
collaboration and creating enduring work products.
"Whereas some schools engage in a form of developmental tourism, where students travel to developing countries,
meet with high-ranking officials, and leave little behind,
ALEP students work with their counterparts at AUAF to
create high quality textbooks that respond to a real demand from Afghan students and professors," Karsh says.
The project has enjoyed two large grants, $1.3 million
in 2009 and $7.2 million in 2012, through the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of International Narcotics and
Law Enforcement Affairs. Sugarman says that the rather
large second grant resulted after the ALEP program
received positive evaluations by the State Department.
"They measured the impact," Sugarman says. "How many
textbooks and products we were putting out, how many
people were exposed to them, how many government
ministries made use of them. There are qualitative metrics. In the Rule of Law space, it is more complicated;
there are qualitative metrics that involve interviews of
participants to see how the instruction impacted their
skills and how they used those skills."

The concern for sending faculty and students
abroad is that they are often reluctant to return to
Afghanistan. To address that, and to reduce costs,
more students are being sent to regional and
developing countries for training, such as Malaysia,
India, Singapore, Turkey, and other countries.

Amiryar says that the Ministry of Higher Education's
strategic plan proposes development and promotion of
academic affiliation with various regional and international institutions of higher education to enhance quality
and capacity of a professional cadre. The impact of such
affiliation is particularly great in a country that has faced
academic challenges based on under-capacity.
Amiryar says that recent Afghan-government-sponsored programs have targeted sending faculty for shorter
periods of time to the United States and other Western
Countries. However, the concern for sending faculty and
students abroad is that they are often reluctant to return
to Afghanistan. To address that, and to reduce costs,
more students are being sent to regional and developing
countries for training, such as Malaysia, India, Singapore,
Turkey, and other countries, provided that the medium of
instruction is in English in these countries, Amiryar says.

Amiryar says the impact of such partnerships is particularly great in a country that has faced Afghanistan's
degree of professional isolation.
"The partnerships are helpful," says Amiryar. "They help
introduce modern teaching methodologies and guidance
to new resources, help develop libraries and know-how to
design programs, how to teach, and how to write proposals
seeking grants, participating in scholarships and fellowships. Capacity was not there, as a result of 30 years of war
and being away from modern science and technology. Now,
they have access to the Internet and know how to benefit. In
academic environment, their impact is multifaceted."
28

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR J U LY + AU G . 1 4

Journalism has been one target of U.S. funding for higher
education partnerships. Funded by a $1.2 million State Department grant, San Jose State University's (SJSU) School
of Journalism and Mass Communications in 2011 helped
establish an academic journalism program for Herat University in the west of Afghanistan. In 2012, SJSU received
another grant of $1 million from the U.S. State Department
to help modernize the journalism program at another university in the north of the country, Balkh University.
"On my first visit to Afghanistan in February 2011, I
helped Herat faculty members create a new curriculum,"
says SJSU Associate Professor of Journalism and Mass

COURTESY OF QUADIR AMIRYAR

Partnership Helps Create a
Journalism Program in Afghanistan



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - July/August 2014

Revitalizing Education in Afghanistan: Overcoming Decades of Devastation
All Smiles
In Brief
Voices: Kakenya Ntaiya: Founder of the Kakenya Center for Excellence
Education Abroad
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - In Brief
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 5
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 6
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 7
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 8
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 9
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 10
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 11
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 12
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 13
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 14
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 15
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 16
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 17
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Voices: Kakenya Ntaiya: Founder of the Kakenya Center for Excellence
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 19
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 20
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 21
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Revitalizing Education in Afghanistan: Overcoming Decades of Devastation
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 23
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 24
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 25
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 26
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 27
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 28
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 29
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 30
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 31
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 32
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 33
International Educator - July/August 2014 - All Smiles
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 35
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 36
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 37
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 38
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 39
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 40
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 41
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 42
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 43
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 44
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 45
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Education Abroad
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 47
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 48
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 49
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 50
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 51
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Forum
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 53
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 54
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 55
International Educator - July/August 2014 - In Focus
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover4
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover2
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International Educator - July/August 2014 - S2
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International Educator - July/August 2014 - S9
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S10
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S11
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S12
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International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover4
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