International Educator - July/August 2014 - 32

Khalid Fazly
worked for news
organizations
and others as a
translator and
"fixer" helping
Western reporters
and other visitors
function in the
country and,
importantly,
gauge risks.

The situation for women in the country
remains precarious in many locations, with fewer
women faculty and many families reluctant
to send their daughters to universities due to
lack of security and cultural challenges.

the classroom the students would stand up out of respect
for instructor, laptops had to be turned off, and you were
not allowed to talk unless the subject related to the class.
In public universities, it is a very teacher-oriented culture,
with more focus on the teacher, not students. Students are
not encouraged to contribute that often."
The situation for women in the country remains precarious in many locations, with fewer women faculty and
many families reluctant to send their daughters to universities due to lack of security and cultural challenges.
Given the lack of resources, the British Council's Smith
says that based on the experience of a British higher edu32

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR J U LY + AU G . 1 4

cation partnership program, the Partners in Academic
Learning Project (PAL), partnerships that are smaller are
sometimes better. "The Afghan Ministry of Higher Education loved the PAL program since it didn't involve lots
of money, and therefore didn't tempt corruption," Smith
says. "Also, smaller concepts may work better than if your
project needs the actions of 50 key-placed people at a university. With a smaller concept, you will be able to design
and move resources more quickly."
Mohammad Qayoumi, president of San Jose State University and a former official in the Afghan government,
says that switching to instruction in English in certain
subjects, such as STEM areas, and ensuring faculty and
students are fluent in English would expedite advances in
higher education. "This will allow them access to the latest
information," Qayoumi says. "I think that is the only way
you can really transform education and support an emerging economy. With that fluency, faculty should be looking
online for materials that they can use and adapt to their
own needs. This will be tremendously important, though
I'm not aware of any institutions that are doing that."

The Future of U.S.-Afghan Higher
Education Partnerships Unknown
Holland says that the question of what will happen to
educational efforts once U.S. military forces largely or
completely withdraw troops in 2016 is a major concern
for U.S. higher education institutions with partnerships
there. "No one knows the answer," Holland says. "The two
universities we have worked with the most are located in
Kandahar and Khost, which are among the most insecure
areas. If the U.S. withdraws completely, it is possible that

COURTESY OF KHALID FAZLY

years ago. Also, culture-wise, Afghanistan is a very formal and collectivist culture. I remember my first class at
Ball State, when I entered the class and I thought it was
a theater, not a class. Some people were dancing, some
rehearsing, some talking. Even when instructor entered
class, no one cared. Some were stretching their legs, some
listening to music. I was, like, 'wow, this is very casual.'
Back in Afghanistan, whenever the instructor would enter



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - July/August 2014

Revitalizing Education in Afghanistan: Overcoming Decades of Devastation
All Smiles
In Brief
Voices: Kakenya Ntaiya: Founder of the Kakenya Center for Excellence
Education Abroad
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - In Brief
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 5
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 6
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 7
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 8
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 9
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 10
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 11
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 12
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 13
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 14
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 15
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 16
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 17
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Voices: Kakenya Ntaiya: Founder of the Kakenya Center for Excellence
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 19
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 20
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 21
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Revitalizing Education in Afghanistan: Overcoming Decades of Devastation
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 23
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 24
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 25
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 26
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 27
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 28
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 29
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 30
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 31
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 32
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 33
International Educator - July/August 2014 - All Smiles
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 35
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 36
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 37
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 38
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 39
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 40
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 41
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 42
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 43
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 44
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 45
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Education Abroad
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 47
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 48
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 49
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 50
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 51
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Forum
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 53
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 54
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 55
International Educator - July/August 2014 - In Focus
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover4
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S4
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S5
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S6
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S7
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S8
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S9
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S10
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S11
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S12
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover4
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