International Educator - July/August 2014 - 52

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FORUM
By Nina Lemmens

European Internationalization Strategies
IN 2010 the European Commission launched its far-reaching initiative, "Europe 2020," which

European Commission President José Manuel Barroso described as "the EU's growth strategy
for the coming decade." He said, "In a changing world, we want the EU to become a smart, sustainable, and inclusive economy. These three mutually reinforcing priorities should help the EU
and the member states deliver high levels of employment, productivity, and social cohesion."
The European Union (EU) set five ambitious objectives with Europe 2020-on employment, innovation, education, social inclusion, and climate/energy-all to be reached by 2020, and each
member state adopted their own national targets in each of these objectives.
But why is Europe 2020 important to the realm of
higher education and research? How does it affect students, researchers, and administrators in universities and
research institutions in Europe and all over the world?
The answer is simple: education, science, and research
have a special role to play within the Europe 2020 strategy. A concise documentation of all activities and projects
summarized under the umbrella of Europe 2020 would
be too lengthy for this article, so only two of the most
relevant programs will be discussed here: Horizon 2020
and ERASMUS+, both agreed upon by the EU parliament
and the EU council at the end of 2013.

"In a changing world, we want the EU to become
a smart, sustainable, and inclusive economy."
To understand the political will and power behind the
overall Europe 2020 initiative, it is important to know that
the European Union sees it not only as a 10-year growth
and jobs strategy per se but as a set of programs to overcome the current economic crisis. It is seen as the means
to addressing the shortcomings of the hitherto existing
growth model and to create conditions for a smart, sustainable, and inclusive growth.1
Five overarching goals are targeted for the end of the
decade. They are supported by seven so-called "Flagship
Initiatives" providing something like a toolbox through
which the EU and national authorities mutually reinforce
their efforts in areas supporting the Europe 2020 priorities,
which are: innovation, the digital economy, employment,
youth, industrial policy, poverty, and resource efficiency.
52

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR J U LY + AU G . 1 4

Research
Under the target "Smart growth" the Flagship Initiative
"Innovation Union"2 is of special interest for academics
all over the world, because here we can find the magical
words "Horizon 2020"-this program being the financial
instrument implementing the Innovation Union. Horizon 2020 had very prominent predecessors-the seven
so-called Framework Programs (FP). But Horizon 2020 exceeds them all: With a budget of €80 billion (about US$105
billion) for the seven year period from 2014 to 2020, the
new framework program boasts an increase of 27 percent
compared to FP7. This is not the only new aspect: Horizon 2020 focuses more strongly on the current market and
relies more heavily on collaboration between science and
industry. The Commission intends this to lead to a greater
participation of small- and medium-size enterprises, especially as the whole application process and administration
of the funding schemes will be less bureaucratic. The program is especially designed to enhance projects that tackle
the main challenges of the future for Europe: It puts an emphasis on excellent science and industrial leadership, and
will address societal challenges to ensure Europe produces
world-class science, removes barriers to innovation, and
makes it easier for the public and private sectors to work
together in delivering innovation.3
As it is stated on the official website, "...Horizon 2020 is
open to everyone, with a simple structure that reduces red
tape and time...This approach makes sure new projects
get off the ground quickly-and achieve results faster. The
EU Framework Program for Research and Innovation will
be complemented by further measures to complete and
further develop the European Research Area. These mea-



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - July/August 2014

Revitalizing Education in Afghanistan: Overcoming Decades of Devastation
All Smiles
In Brief
Voices: Kakenya Ntaiya: Founder of the Kakenya Center for Excellence
Education Abroad
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - In Brief
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 5
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 6
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 7
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 8
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 9
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 10
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 11
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 12
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 13
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 14
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 15
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 16
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 17
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Voices: Kakenya Ntaiya: Founder of the Kakenya Center for Excellence
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 19
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 20
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 21
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Revitalizing Education in Afghanistan: Overcoming Decades of Devastation
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 23
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 24
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 25
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 26
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 27
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 28
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 29
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 30
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 31
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 32
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 33
International Educator - July/August 2014 - All Smiles
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 35
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 36
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 37
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 38
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 39
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 40
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 41
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 42
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 43
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 44
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 45
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Education Abroad
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 47
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 48
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 49
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 50
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 51
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Forum
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 53
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 54
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 55
International Educator - July/August 2014 - In Focus
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover4
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S4
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S5
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S6
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S7
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S8
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S9
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S10
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S11
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S12
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover4
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