International Educator - July/August 2014 - 54

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54

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATOR J U LY + AU G . 1 4

with countries outside Europe. Approximately 34,000 scholarships will be given to
fund joint master's degree courses.
All these funding lines fall under the
target "learning mobility," which shall provide not only more but also better mobility.
Hence, the Erasmus Charter for Higher
Education has to be adopted by all participating institutions, ensuring for example
the recognition of credits achieved abroad
as well as certain quality standards for the
single programs.
"Cooperation" is the second major target
of ERASMUS+. Here, the strategic partnerships possibly will be the most prominent
funding stream. Meant to intensify structured and long-term cooperation among
higher education institutions and/or other
educational institutions, strategic partnerships can be formed between at least three
institutions from at least three different EU
countries. The so called "knowledge alliances," however, will help to link higher
education institutions and enterprises.

Outlook
Combined, Horizon 2020 and ERASMUS+
allocate enormous funds for participating
institutions, enterprises, and individuals:
the equivalent of around US$125 billion
will be provided over the years to come.
This is a sincere commitment, especially
considering the overall EU budget has decreased recently. At the same time, it is still
a relatively small sum if compared to the
aggregated financial means of all national
European research and higher education
budgets combined. Hence, the EU explicitly
puts it to all its member states as well as to all
European universities to think and act globally. In July 2013, the Commission published
its Communication from the Commission to
the European Parliament, the Council, the
European Economic and Social Committee
and the Committee of the Regions, European
higher education in the world. 7 The Com"
munication suggests measures for strategic
internationalization in three main areas:
n Promoting international staff and student
mobility;

Promoting "internationalization at home"
-new curricula and digital learning (via
MOOCs);
n Strengthening strategic cooperation, partnerships, and capacity building.
The Commission sees the suggested set
of measures as a "toolbox" from which each
higher education institution can choose the
specific instruments fitting to its own internationalization strategy. Some of these will
be sponsored by Horizon 2020 and ERASMUS+, by far the bigger number will have
to be financed by the member states through
their own budgets.
So will all this money really make Europe
more successful in the worldwide race to
attract the brightest and most innovative
minds?
There are, of course, some obstacles still to
be overcome, even inside the EU. As the funding process of Horizon 2020 is strictly driven
by the excellence and quality of the competing research proposals, some of the smaller
or younger member states are in danger of
falling by the wayside. Irrespective of the excellence of their individual scientists, not all of
the 28 countries can yet provide competitive
research facilities. Thus, as a prerequisite, the
financial aid via the European Regional Development Fund will have to be used to boost
those country's research systems.
With the new research framework program, the EU also wants to reach the aim
of a joint and single European Research
Area (ERA) in due course. This aim is supported by the national governments, but at
the same time, it interferes with the single
national research and innovation strategies,
especially as the EU budget-for Horizon
2020 and other programs-of course always
has the direct influence of the funding available within each contributing member state.
Apart from that fact, much still remains to
be done at the national level, such as the portability of pensions, social benefits, national
grants, or the open recruitment of researchers across Europe, to name but a few.
Nevertheless, the combined European
and national funds allocated toward research, innovation, education, and mobility
n


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of International Educator - July/August 2014

Revitalizing Education in Afghanistan: Overcoming Decades of Devastation
All Smiles
In Brief
Voices: Kakenya Ntaiya: Founder of the Kakenya Center for Excellence
Education Abroad
Forum
In Focus
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - In Brief
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 5
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 6
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 7
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 8
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 9
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 10
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 11
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 12
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 13
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 14
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 15
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 16
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 17
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Voices: Kakenya Ntaiya: Founder of the Kakenya Center for Excellence
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 19
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 20
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 21
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Revitalizing Education in Afghanistan: Overcoming Decades of Devastation
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 23
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 24
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 25
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 26
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 27
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 28
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 29
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 30
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 31
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 32
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 33
International Educator - July/August 2014 - All Smiles
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 35
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 36
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 37
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 38
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 39
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 40
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 41
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 42
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 43
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 44
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 45
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Education Abroad
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 47
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 48
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 49
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 50
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 51
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Forum
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 53
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 54
International Educator - July/August 2014 - 55
International Educator - July/August 2014 - In Focus
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - Cover4
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S1
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S2
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S4
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S5
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S6
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S7
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S8
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S9
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S10
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S11
International Educator - July/August 2014 - S12
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover3
International Educator - July/August 2014 - SCover4
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