Oculus - Fall 2012 - (Page 30)

feature One Firm, Two Schools of Thought Two new academic projects by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill reveal new directions in design for education hough One World Trade Center is Skidmore, Owings & Merrill’s best-publicized presence on the Manhattan skyline, the firm’s quieter contributions reach the neighborhood-school level. Staten Island’s P.S. 62 is the Net Zero pilot project of the School Construction Authority (SCA), the city’s first academic building to produce as much energy as it consumes. With a green K–5 curriculum using the building itself as a teaching tool, P.S. 62 is so transformative that it will come with an operator’s manual. Another SOM building is bringing change to The New School in Greenwich Village. For the first time since its founding in 1919, the institution will have a campus focus, a University Center combining academic, residential, library, performance, and social programs within a single “vertical campus.” The building offers high performance and design innovations that strengthen The New School’s interdisciplinary bonds. BY BILL MILLA RD T ©SOM PROJECT: P.S. 62 Richmond Net Zero School, Staten Island, NY CLIENT: New York City School Construction Authority SKIDMORE, OWINGS & MERRILL P.S. 62: “sustainability lab” This two-story, 444-seat structure on a 3.5-acre, L shaped site in Staten Island is a folded volume surrounding a central courtyard. “The net zero goal, site access, and scale of the neighborhood dictated the overall scale of our solution,” says SOM Design Partner Roger Duffy, FAIA. Senior Designer Jon Cicconi, AIA, expects 40% of the students to walk or bike to school. The project will add sidewalks to the neighborhood, plus play areas, a walking path, bus drop-off, and staff parking. Duffy credits Bruce Barrett, AIA, LEED AP, SCA’s vice president for architecture and engineering, as “the real visionary, the one who convinced City Hall to move forward.” Describing P.S. 62 as “a sustainability lab,” Barrett hails her team’s diligence in “splitting hairs to save even small bits of energy”: 50% over standard schools. The Net Zero design approach maximized conventional passive and active sustainability strategies for the most energy-efficient building possible, before adding on-site renewable energy technologies. The interior harvests daylight by offsetting the ground- and second-floor corridors and including open communicating stairs. Photovoltaic (PV) panels dominate the exterior with about 40,000 square feet of PV. They cover the roof, the south 30 Oculus Fall 2012 Roger Duffy, FAIA, Anthony Vacchione, AIA, Christopher McCready, AIA, Jon Cicconi, AIA, Angelo Arzano, AIA, Carrie Moore, AIA SUSTAINABILITY : In:Posse TEAM: R&D COLLABORATOR: Center for Architecture Science & Ecology MEP ENGINEER: AKF STRUCTURAL ENGINEER: Desimone Consulting Engineers CIVIL & TRAFFIC ENGINEER: Philip Habib & Associates GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEER: Langan Engineering & Environmental Services LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT: Mark K. Morrison Landscape LIGHTING DESIGN: SIGNAGE: Brandston Partnership Pentagram ACOUSTICS/AV/INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY/SECURITY: Shen Milsom & Wilke THEATER DESIGN: Harvey Marshall Berling Associates CODE CONSULTANT: Design 2147 VERTICAL TRANSPORTATION: Van Deusen & Associates COST ESTIMATING: VJ Associates FOOD SERVICE: Hopkins Foodservice Specialist façade, and the teachers’ parking lot. A demonstration wind turbine and stationary bicycles will also generate energy. Classroom HVAC consists of tempered ventilation air, heated/cooled by hydronic induction displacement units, which provide clean conditioned air at the floor level that rises to the exhaust registers at the ceiling. The low air velocity also reduces noise and fan energy. Eighty geothermal wells support the HVAC functions. Other conservation strategies include: a high-performance building envelope minimizing air infiltration via a vapor barrier; four inches of insulation; precast concrete panels anchored at foundation and roof to avoid penetrations and thermal bridging; south-facing clerestory glazing with an engineered fabric interlayer to cut heat gain; minimal glazing of 7% on east and west façades, 35% on north and south, reducing solar heat gain; and energy-efficient electric kitchen equipment. The 50% energy savings, Duffy explains, is dependent on occupant behavior. Daily energy use displays will inform teachers, students, and staff about energy budgets and use. “Sustainability nodes” at the ends of the corridors will be dedicated to teaching about earth, wind, sun, and water. SCA is responsible for some 1,400 school buildings citywide – 130 million square feet. Serving only the Department of Education, SCA leverages standardization to provide a consistent level of quality. SCA standards are continually evolving to keep up with current technologies while optimizing Learning Curve http://som.com http://som.com/ http://som.com http://som.com http://som.com http://www.naylornetwork.com/arc-nxt/

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Oculus - Fall 2012

Letter from the President: The Future: Here and Now
Of Ladybugs and Learning
Center Highlights
Manhattanville Shuffl e: A no-real-community-here might just become one
Opener: The New Learning Landscape
Oh, the Places We’ll Go!
One Firm, Two Schools of Thought
Schools Made to Order
Expanding Architecture Beyond Form and Function
New Kids on the Boards
Real Solutions at Harlem’s Edge
The Future of Architecture Since 1889
Aalto and America
The Mythic Modern: Architectural Expeditions into the Spirit of Place
Schlepping Through Ambivalence: Essays on an American Architectural Condition
The Harlem Edge | Cultivating Connections 2012 Biennial Ideas Competition
A pioneering example of Modernism in New York is the 1931 New School for Social Research building by Joseph Urban
The Young and the Edgeless
Alphabetical and Categorical Index

Oculus - Fall 2012