Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 16

16

Unit i

Introduction

Source: US Fish and Wildlife Service

Westward expansion and settlement also meant land had to be cleared for
homes, town, roads, and railroads. All of these things meant wholesale changes
in the habitat available for preexisting wildlife.

FIguRE 2-2 the american
bison is often called the
buffalo. Market hunters
killed so many bison in the
1800s that the "buffalo"
almost became extinct
in the wild.

the road Back
After the beginning of the twentieth century, the first federal act dealing with
wildlife was passed. The Lacey Act of 1900 made the interstate transportation of
game taken against state law a federal crime. This legislation spelled the doom
of large-scale market hunting. It also went a long way toward saving a number of
fish and wildlife species from destruction (Figure 2-2).
In 1916, the United States and Great Britain signed the Migratory Bird
Treaty, and in 1918, the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act was passed, making
the treaty effective. This was the first effective legislation for the protection of
migratory waterfowl, in this case waterfowl that breed in Canada and fly across
the United States each year.
Changing patterns of land use also came to the aid of America's disappearing
game animals and birds. In the early 1900s, farm acreages began to decline all
across the eastern half of the country. This meant that many pastures and fields
were no longer being farmed. On such land, scrub growth and new forests began
to spring up, creating an ideal habitat for wildlife. By 1900, there were practically no deer in most of the eastern states. But by the 1920s, deer populations
had returned to all those states. This dramatic recovery can be attributed both to
federal regulations and to the conversion of farmland back into scrubland and
forests.
In 1933, Aldo Leopold, a professor of game management at the
University of Wisconsin, published a book titled Game Management. This
landmark book still forms the basis for much of our work in wildlife management today. In 1934, the Duck Stamp Act was passed, requiring waterfowl
hunters to purchase a $1 stamp. The resulting sale of "duck" stamps produced $600,000 in its first year. With an increase to $3, duck stamps have
since raised up to $6 million a year. The money generated by this act has been
used to finance numerous projects to protect and expand North American
waterfowl populations.
The United States Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of Interior
was established on June 30, 1940. Today, every state operates its own fish and
wildlife agency, although their names vary from state to state. The sale of
hunting and fishing permits generates many millions of dollars annually.
Today, partly as a result of better game management laws and enforcement,
deer populations in the United States are at their highest in history. That is also
true of many other game animals. Wolves and coyotes are reappearing in parts
of the United States where they had all but vanished. In fact, they are becoming
so plentiful that they are a problem in many parts of the country. Alligators are
becoming so abundant that they have become a nuisance in parts of Florida and
other southeastern states. You need only drive along the highways of the country
to see evidence of this change in the form of animals killed in ever-increasing
numbers in traffic accidents.
Without serious argument, all must agree that the large and healthy game
animal, bird, and fish populations in the United States today are a result of
conservationist efforts. And most of those efforts have been led and funded over
the last century by hunters and sports fishers. It is ironic, but nevertheless true,
that hunters and sports fishers have made possible much of America's abundance
in wildlife.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp

Contents
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover1
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover2
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - i
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - ii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - iii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - iv
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - v
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Contents
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - vii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - viii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - ix
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - x
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xi
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xiii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xiv
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xv
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xvi
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xvii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xviii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - ixx
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xx
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xxi
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xxii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 1
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 2
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 3
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 4
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 5
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 6
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 7
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 8
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 9
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 10
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 11
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 12
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 13
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 14
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 15
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 16
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 17
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 18
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 19
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 20
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 21
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 22
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 23
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 24
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 25
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 26
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 27
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 28
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 29
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 30
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 31
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 32
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 33
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 34
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 35
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 36
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 37
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 38
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 39
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 40
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 41
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 42
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 43
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 44
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 45
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/autoservice5e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/bodystructures13e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/refrigerationactech8e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/medterminology8e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/naturalresources6e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/heavydutytruck6e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/sportsmedicine2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/agriculturalmechanics
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/introductoryhorticulture
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/basicrobotics
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/weldingprinciplesandapplications
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/delmars_electricity
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/modernlivestock_poultryproduction2016
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/introtoveterinaryscience_2016thirdedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/wildlifeandnaturalresourcemanagement_2016fourthedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/smallanimalcare_management_2016fourthedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intro_illustrated
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intermediate_illustrated
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intermediate
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intro
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/century21_10e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/agriscience6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/microsoftoffice2013_first
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/automotivetech6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/dreamweaver_revealed
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/microsoftoffice2013_intro
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com