Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 18

Unit i

Introduction

Source: US National Park Service

18

FIguRE 2-3 a log cabin

and split rail fence at the
abraham Lincoln Birthplace
National park near
hodgenville, Kentucky.

World War I brought an expanded federal role in the forestry business.
Timber was needed for the war, and many thousands of soldiers were used to
harvest, process, and ship it.
Another great impetus to the federal role in forestry came with the Great
Depression. Much of the famous Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was
involved in forestry work. As a result of these involvements during the war and
the depression, many people, who would later remain in the field, were trained
and gained experience in forestry. In addition, much work of immediate as well as
long-range value was done in our national forests under this and other programs
(Figure 2-3).
World War II brought another expansion in the need for timber. Following
the war, expansion in the housing industry still further increased America's need
for wood.
One significant trend in recent years has been the upsurge of private forestry.
The giant forest and forest products industry has recognized now that the cutand-move methods of the past are no longer adequate. Intensive forest management has replaced the wasteful earlier methods. Chapters 19 and 20 deal with
this topic in some detail.
Early in our history, Americans cut and burned or cut and used forests with
no regard for the future. At the time, that approach seemed to make sense, but
it was a wasteful, short-sighted attitude. Today, we waste very little of our forest
resources. In general, it is safe to say that today we produce more wood in this
country each year than we use. It is also safe to say that our forests produce more
wood each year today than when the European settlers arrived in America. Our
forests are our greatest renewable resource. Yet, we are not safe for the future.
Removal of forestlands for farm, highway, residential, and industrial uses poses a
great threat to our forest industry. Careful management is the key to the future
in forestry.

SOiL COnSErVAtiOn
In the beginning of this country, the majority of workers were either full- or parttime farmers. Educated and foresighted farmers from earliest colonial times saw
the effects of erosion. They watched clean rainfall become muddy runoff. They
saw the hillsides become sterile and the valleys become either rich with topsoil
washed down from the hillsides or clogged with debris.
Jared Eliot (1685-1763) was one of the first to experiment with and write
about soil erosion and drainage in America. He and other early colonists recognized the developing problem. Yet, in general, farmers failed to heed their
warnings.
This mentality of farming for today and leaving tomorrow to take care
of itself came about for a reason. After all, America was the land of plenty. It
stretched to the mountains and beyond. It stretched so far and was so extensive
that our ancestors thought of it as without practical limit. Thus, it was easier
to clear new land and abandon "worn-out" farms than to take care of the land
(Figure 2-4).
In general, the three centuries after the settlement of Jamestown saw this
pattern of soil abuse continue. Wherever the land was tillable, it was cleared. The
cleared land was used for agricultural production without regard to its productive
potential. Hillsides in Georgia and Pennsylvania were row cropped. Grasslands in
the southwest were overgrazed.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp

Contents
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover1
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover2
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - i
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - ii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - iii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - iv
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - v
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Contents
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - vii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - viii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - ix
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - x
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xi
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xiii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xiv
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xv
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xvi
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xvii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xviii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - ixx
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xx
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xxi
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xxii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 1
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 2
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 3
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 4
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 5
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 6
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 7
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 8
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 9
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 10
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 11
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 12
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 13
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 14
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 15
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 16
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 17
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 18
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 19
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 20
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 21
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 22
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 23
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 24
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 25
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 26
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 27
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 28
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 29
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 30
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 31
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 32
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 33
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 34
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 35
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 36
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 37
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 38
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 39
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 40
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 41
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 42
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 43
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 44
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 45
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/autoservice5e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/bodystructures13e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/refrigerationactech8e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/medterminology8e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/naturalresources6e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/heavydutytruck6e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/sportsmedicine2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/agriculturalmechanics
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/introductoryhorticulture
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/basicrobotics
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/weldingprinciplesandapplications
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/delmars_electricity
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/modernlivestock_poultryproduction2016
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/introtoveterinaryscience_2016thirdedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/wildlifeandnaturalresourcemanagement_2016fourthedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/smallanimalcare_management_2016fourthedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intro_illustrated
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intermediate_illustrated
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intermediate
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intro
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/century21_10e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/agriscience6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/microsoftoffice2013_first
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/automotivetech6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/dreamweaver_revealed
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/microsoftoffice2013_intro
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com